NanoBio: Biobrick/fusion Strategy

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  • Please note that although our protocols are very similar to that of others, we frequently use BioFusion vectors, which are slightly different. Although the BioBrick ends are identical to the vectors designed by Tom Knight, our BioFusion vectors allow in frame fusion of two protein coding regions. Specifically, our protein coding biofusion parts:
    • do not start with ATG
    • do not end with a stop codon
    • do not have a A or G nucleotide between the end of the XbaI and the beginning of the protein coding region or after the coding sequence and the start of the SpeI
  • Refer to Ira Phillip's technical note for more details.

Making a New BioFusion Part

To make a new part, you create an insert containing the part flanked by BioBrick/BioFusion restriction sites and ligate it into an appropriate cut BioBrick/BioFusion vectors. You may

  1. Name the part and enter its description into our database.
  2. Choose a construction strategy, then create an insert containing the new part flanked by BioFusion ends.
  3. Mini-prep the chosen vector. Perform an analytical digest to double-check its identity.
  4. Do a preparative digest of the insert. Do a preparative digest and de-phosphorylation of the vector.
  5. Ligate the insert into the vector.
  6. Verify the new part.

Combining Two Biofusion Parts: 3 antibiotic assembly (NEW!)

  • In this approach, you cut the two parts out of their vectors and simultaneously ligate those parts together and into an appropriately cut vector. Reshma Shetty has written a very nice introduction to this approach. Both negative and positive selection are used to avoid the need for gel purification, which speed this procedure. However, the antibiotic resistence of the parts must be taken into account in this approach. Overall, I (Caroline) think it is well worth it.
  1. Name the part and enter its description into our database.
  2. Create a construction strategy.
  3. Digest the construction plasmid and the two part-containing plasmids.
    • Prefix part with EcoRI and SpeI
    • Suffix part with XbaI and PstI
    • Construction vector with EcoRI and PstI & de-phosphorylate with CIP
  4. PCR purify all digests.
  5. Ligate the digested construction plasmid and the digested part-containing plasmids.
  6. Transform the ligation mixture.
  7. Check for correct composite parts.

Combining Two Biofusion Parts (Old Method)

  • The overall strategy of combining two parts is very similar to that of making a new part. Instead of placing your insert into an empty vector (making a new part), you cut out a part from one vector and ligate it into a second vector which already contains a second part.
  • If possible, use a suffix insertion (insertion of the added part behind the existing part), over a prefix insertion (insertion of the added part in front of the existing part).
  • Gel extraction of fragments less than 200 bp is rather difficult, so plan your strategy so that the insert part is larger than 200 bp.
  • Isolating one of two very similarly sized DNA fragments by gel extraction is difficult, so avoid doing a digest which produces an insert which is within ~700 bp of the size of the cut vector. If necessary, use a triple digest (typically ApaLI is the third restriction enzyme) to cut the vector in an additional location, while leaving your insert intact.

Prefix Insertion
Suffix Insertion
prefix (insert) suffix (vector) prefix (vector) suffix (insert)
Enzyme 1 EcoRIEcoRISpeIXbaI
Enzyme 2 SpeIXbaIPstIPstI
Buffer 2EcoRI23

  • Prefix 5'-gaattcgcggccgcttctaga-(part)-actagtagcggccgctgcag-3' Postfix

  1. In separate tubes, digest both vectors containing the parts to be combined using the scheme above.
    • Mix:
      • 700 ng BioBrick vector
      • 1 µL 10x BSA
      • 1 µL 10x NEB buffer x
      • 0.1-0.2 µL Enzyme 1 (20 units/mL)
      • 0.1-0.2 µL Enzyme 2 (20 units/mL)
      • distilled water to final volume of 10 µL
  2. Incubate overnight at 37 °C.
  3. To the vector digestion mix only, add 0.1 µL CIP next morning and incubate for 1 hr. at 37 °C.
  4. Purification of vector and insert
    • Run an agarose gel of the insert (and optionally, the vector).
    • Cut the insert out of the agarose gel and extract it using Qiagen's Gel Extraction Kit (and optionally, the vector).
    • If the vector was not gel extracted, use Qiagen's PCR Purification Kit to remove the small, undesired DNA fragments.
  5. Ligate the insert into the cut vector to combine the parts.
  6. Transform the new BioBrick vector into E. coli.
  7. Verify the new part.

Making a Final Part and Incorporating it into a Yeast Shuttle Vector

  • Final parts can be simply incorporated into a Sikorski vector by isolating the part and ligating it into an appropriately cut Sikorski vector.
  • Perform preparative digests of the Sikorski vector, and the full part per the following.
Sikorski vector insert & vector digest
pRS304* (TRP1) EcoRI, SpeI
pRS305 (LEU2) XbaI, PstI
pRS306 (URA3) EcoRI, SpeI
  • Alternatively, the final construction step of the BioBrick part can be combined with incorporation into a Sikorski vector (a vector which allows the part to be integrated into the yeast genome) by performing a triple ligation.
  • Perform preparative digests of the Sikorski vector, the forward part, and the back part per the following.
Sikorski vector vector digest forward part digest back part digest
pRS304* (TRP1) EcoRI, Not I EcoRI, SpeIXbaI, NotI
pRS305 (LEU2) NotI, PstINotI,SpeIXbaI, PstI
pRS306 (URA3) EcoRI, Not I EcoRI, SpeIXbaI, NotI
  • Ligate, transform, and verify the part. I (Caroline) have found that triple ligations work well, especially if the two inserts are present at approximately the same molar excess relative to the cut vector.
  • Note:
    • If this is the only construct to be incorporated into the 580a strain, then the final BioBricks part should be incorporated into the URA3 Sikorski vector (pR306; Silver collection pPS750).
    • If this is not the only construct that will be integrated into a single yeast strain, then you must decide which auxotrophic marker will be used for this particular construct.
    • The orientation of the BioBrick part should be opposite that of the auxotropic gene once incorporated into the Sikorski vector.

last modified by CAjoF 13:57, 16 January 2008 (CST)