BME100 s2017:Group9 W8AM L3

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OUR TEAM

Name: Emma Spencer
Name: Aswathy Lawrence
Name: Jocelyn Alvar
Name: Brett Nasch
Name: Anna Seminara
Name: Will Anderson

LAB 3 WRITE-UP

Descriptive Stats and Graph

Heart rate graph Heart rate graph


Gold Standard Average Heart Rate: 98.76

Standard Deviation: 21.66

Spree Average Heart Rate: 99.146

Standard Deviation: 24.33

Correlation Coefficient: 0.78

Heart rate graph Heart rate graph

Gold Standard Average Temp: 96.65

Standard Deviation: 1.919

Spree Average Temp: 95.53

Standard Deviation: 0.869

Correlation Coefficient: 0.193




Inferential Stats

Temperature Spree Headband Average temperature 95.53

Spree Headband Standard Deviation temperature 0.869034

Gold Standard Standard Deviation temperature 1.919

Gold standard average temperature 96.647

Paired t test

P value <0.0001

Significantly different (P < 0.05)? yes

two-tailed P value t=10.3 df=323


How big is the difference? -1.116

Mean of differences 1.952

SD of differences 0.1084

SEM of differences -1.33 to -0.903

95% confidence interval 0.2471

R squared (partial eta squared)

Number of pairs: 324

Correlation coefficient (r): .193

Heart rate graph


Heart Rate

Gold standard average heart rate 98.76

Spree headband average heart rate 99.146

Gold standard standard deviation heart rate 21.66

Spree headband standard deviation 24.3314

Paired t test 0.6708

P value not significant

Significantly different (P < 0.05)? No

two-tailed P value t=0.4255 df=299


How big is the difference? 0.3793

Mean of differences 15.44

SD of differences 0.8915

SEM of differences -1.375 to 2.134

95% confidence interval 0.0006052

R squared (partial eta squared)

Number of pairs: 300

Correlation coefficient (r): 0.78

Heart rate graph

Design Flaws and Recommendations

The Spree headband does not appear to effectively measure body temperature as the paired t-test between the Spree headband and an oral thermometer gave a p-value of <0.0001 This p value is <.05 which is statistically different from the values provided by the gold standard oral thermometer. The R correlation is .1928, which is extremely low, showing that the spree headband is almost completely inaccurate. On the other hand, the Spree headband measures the heart rate fairly accurately compared to the gold standard since the p-value was .6708, which is >.05, meaning it is statistically similar. The R correlation is .78, which is close to 1, which would mean a perfect correction, therefore showing that the device could use improvements, but is fairly accurate. The suggestion for the Spree Headband would be to completely scrap their current temperature since it is does not reflect the true temperature of the body, or to stop advertising that the device can read temperature.





Experimental Design of Own Device

To test our design we would start with a large sample size of at minimum 300 women within the age range 18-80. A simple random sample would be utilized to select the subjects. Once a month, for a year, each woman would be tested for breast cancer, or differences in tissue density, with a mammogram as well as our device. Those who are reading the results will not know which device they are reading from to avoid bias. If the mammogram detects any discrepancies, our device should as well, making the mammogram the gold standard. We would compare the accuracy of the mammogram to detect density discrepancies to the ultrasound patch's ability to detect density discrepancies. Our device should match the accuracy of a mammogram or be more accurate. To analyze the data, we would use a paired T-Test because we would be comparing two data entries for each person.