SYBR Green Dye
SYBR green dye binds to double stranded DNA. The dye absords blue light and emits green light.
A fluorometer or fluorimeter is a device used to measure parameters of fluorescence: its intensity and wavelength distribution of emission spectrum after excitation by a certain spectrum of light.
How the Fluorescence Technique Works
Once you turn the fluorimeter on and place it on the table you put the glass slide on smooth side down. Next set up the camera in the cradle so you are looking level at the slide, you might need to adjust the height. Turn your photo app on to be ready to take pictures. Next place 80 uL drop of
SYBR Green I solution on first two clear circles in the middle of the slide. After that place 80 uL drop of DNA sample on top of the SYBR green I solution. Then adjust slide so that the light illuminates the center of the drop and the drop focuses the light on the other side. Finally find the distance between the camera and the fluorimeter to get a clear and well focused picture. Then record the distance and the pictures taken of each sample.
Smart Phone Camera Settings
Type of Smartphone: Iphone 4
ISO setting: >800
White Balance: Auto
Set the cradle so that when the phone is placed, it will be perpendicular to the slide. Make sure that the camera can only see a small portion of the slide; the drop is the focus here. If necessary, raise the fluorimeter so that the slide is mostly unseen by the camera. Record the distance between the camera and the drop.
Distance between the smart phone cradle and drop = approximately 4 cm
Solutions Used for Calibration
Initial Concentration of 2X Calf Thymus DNA solution (micrograms/mL)
Volume of the 2X DNA solution (uL)
Volume of the SYBR GREEN I Dye solution (uL)
Final DNA concentration in SYBR Green I solution (ug/mL)
Placing Samples onto the Fluorimeter
Place 80 microliters of SYBR green dye on the slide, on either end but between two of the circles. Then add 80 microliters of the DNA containing solution.
Move the slide so that the drop is being hit by the blue LED light.
Cover the system and take a delayed photo to allow time to close off most external light. Do not move the camera for any reason.
Remove the drop that is on the slide and move to the next two circles on the slide. Return to step 1.
Representative Images of Samples
Sample Without DNA
Sample With DNA
PCR Results Summary
PCR INTDENS Values and Concentrations Using Fluorescence
PCR Product TUBE LABEL
AVERAGE INTDENS VALUE
PCR Product Concentration, µg /mL
Corrected PCR Product Concentration, µg /mL
Instructor's summary: You completed 8 PCR reactions in a previous lab. You used the SYBR Green I staining and imaging technique to measure the amount of amplified DNA in each PCR reaction. You used a standard curve (based on known concentrations of calf thymus DNA) to convert INTDEN values into DNA concentration. Your positive control and negative control samples should be used as threshold values for determining whether an unknown (patient) sample is truly positive or negative.
Your positive control PCR result was 21.685 μg/mL
Your negative control PCR result was -2.841 μg/mL
Patient 74963 : The images for this patient had an absence of a reaction from the SYBR green dye, so it was a clear droplet. The final result was -3.136 μg/mL.
Patient 97208 : The images for this patient had an absence of a reaction from the SYBR green dye, so it was a clear droplet. The final result was -2.573 μg/mL.
Patient 74963 : The images are more closely related to the negative control because there was an absence of reaction with the SYBR green dye. The image did not resemble the positive control, the positive control had a green color and the patients was clear. Thus the drop was clear of the target DNA sequence.
Patient 97208 : The images are more closely related to the negative control because there was an absence of reaction with the SYBR green dye. The image did not resemble the positive control, the positive control had a green color and the patients was clear. Thus the drop was clear of the target DNA sequence.
Image J Values for All Samples
Final DNA concentration in SYBR Green I solution (µg/mL)