BME100 f2017:Group13 W1030 L1

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OUR TEAM

Daniel Beltran
Matt Castile
Catalina Pardo
Brenna Toshner
Nivina Warner

LAB 1 WRITE-UP

Health Care Issue

The health care issue we decided to study is Cerebral Palsy. Cerebral Palsy is a common disorder, affecting roughly 500,000-800,000 people in the U.S. alone. Cerebral Palsy is a disease in which abnormal brain development causes motor disabilities in childhood. The effects range anywhere from small motor disabilities to a required 24-hour assistance.1 The health issue we would like to solve is the process of eating as a child experience issues with Cerebral Palsy. We would hook up an exoskeleton to the patient's arm, the exoskeleton would detect how the patient is trying to move and would in turn move a robotic arm the right way with perfect stability. This would allow the patient to eat without the need of help, as well as perform tasks that they may otherwise be unable to complete. Not only would this create a level of self-independence, but it would also create the opportunity for the patient to feel accepted in the social realm as he/she would be able to complete the actions that others perform seamlessly.

Customer Validation

  1. Patients with Cerebral Palsy
  2. Caretakers of individuals with Cerebral Palsy
  3. Family members of individuals with Cerebral Palsy
  4. Physical Therapists
  5. Psychologists
  6. Behavioral Therapists
  7. UCP of Central Arizona
  8. Barrow Neurological Institute at St. Joseph's
  9. Chandler Regional Medical Center
  10. Mercy Gilbert Medical Center
  11. Adam Farber MD (Orthopedic Surgeon)
  12. Monica Torres MD (Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
  13. Marco Marsella MD (Neurosurgery)
  14. John Wanebo MD (Neurosurgery)
  15. Anthony Rhorer MD (Orthopedic Surgery)
  16. Laura Dozer Clinic
  17. Belgian Psychological Services
  18. Amelia Adcock MD (Neurologist)
  19. Phoenix Children's Hospital
  20. UCP of Southern Arizona




Competitors

Current Solutions Advantages Disadvantages
Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation & Kinesio Taping Applications "Improves postural control and sitting balance in children" Only works for early stages of CP and loses its function after motion becomes more confined (usage)
Orthosis Improves children's ability to walk Doesn't always work (effectiveness)

Only useful for specific extremities (usage)

Lower Extremity Exoskeleton Improves/enables ability to walk Only works for a given amount of time (effectiveness)

Expensive (financial)

Medications such as Valium or Baclofen Can control symptoms such as spasms or stiff muscles Negative side effects such as fatigue, dizziness, and nausea (practicality)

Costly over time (financial)

Based on the current solutions, our technology would be more effective in treating CP because it can be used by both children and adults, will stimulate the nerves/muscles in the patients and help them improve their movement, and is intended to be more affordable.

IP Position

Number/Assignee Title Summary Images Filing Date/Status
University of Delaware

US8409118 B2

Upper Arm Wearable Exoskeleton The device was designed to assist and train upper arm movements that can be worn by users attempting to complete daily tasks2 Patent 1 better image 1.pngPatent 1 better image 2.pngPatent 1 better image 3.png September 28, 2009
Carignan Craig R., Michael Scott Liszka

US20070225620 A1

Portable Arm Exoskeleton for Shoulder Rehabilitation The device allows for the rotation of the shoulder and is specifically used when in rehabilitation3 Patent 2 image 1.pngPatent 2 image 2.png March 22, 2007
Hoyt Laurance J. Sr., Terry Thomas E.

US4237873A

Cerebral Palsy Arm and Hand Brace The purpose of the advice is to control and reduce involuntary spasms as well as to allow for better control of certain arm movements4 Patent 3 image 1.pngPatent 3 image 2.png December 9, 1980

Fundability Worksheet Scores

Competitors

Our Score: 2

We believe we scored a two on the competitor Fundability Worksheet Score because there are competitors out there, however the other products that are aimed to help in the areas we are focused on are fairly new with very few on the market. Most competitors have products aimed at helping in areas like walking.



Customer Validation

Our Score: 1

We believe we scored a one on the competitor Fundability Worksheet Score because there is no customer feedback.



IP Position

Our Score: 1

We believe we scored a one on the competitor Fundability Worksheet Score because we have not filed a patent application yet, however we are able to patent our design.


Works Cited

  1. “Cerebral Palsy (CP).” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 13 July 2015, www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/cp/facts.html.
  2. Agrawal, Sunil, et al. “Patent US8409118 - Upper Arm Wearable Exoskeleton.” Google Patents, Google, 2 Apr. 2013, www.google.com/patents/US8409118.
  3. Carignan, Craig R, and Michael Scott Liszka. “Patent US20070225620 - Portable Arm Exoskeleton for Shoulder Rehabilitation.” Google Patents, Google, 27 Sept. 2007, www.google.com/patents/US20070225620.
  4. Terry, Thomas E., and Laurance J. Hoyt. “US4237873A - Cerebral Palsy Arm and Hand Brace.” Google Patents, Google, 9 Dec. 1980, patents.google.com/patent/US4237873A/en?q=cerebral%2Bpalsy.