User:Jonathan Cline/Notebook/Melaminometer/Biochemistry Background
Melamine is an organic base and a trimer of cyanamide, with a 1,3,5-triazine skeleton. (See Triazine) Melamine combines with cyanuric acid to form melamine cyanurate. Melting point 350 °C.
A 1,3,5-triazine, also called s-triazine, is an organic chemical compound whose chemical structure has a six-membered heterocyclic aromatic ring consisting of three carbon atoms and three nitrogen atoms. triazine is one of three organic chemicals, isomeric with each other, whose empirical formula is C3H3N3. The atoms in triazine rings are analogous to those in benzene rings, which makes triazines aromatic compounds like benzene. The most common derivative of 1,3,5-triazine is 2,4,6-triamino-1,3,5-triazine, commonly known as melamine or cyanuramide. 2,4,6-Trichloro-1,3,5-triazine is easily hydrolyzed to cyanuric acid by heating with water at elevated temperatures. Trichloro-1,3,5-triazine is the starting point for the manufacture of many herbicides such as simazin. Another important derivative is 2,4,6-trihydroxy-1,4,5-triazine better known as cyanuric acid.
Cyanuric acid or 1,3,5-triazine-2,4,6-triol is a chemical compound.
Melamine cyanurate, also known as melamine-cyanuric acid adduct or melamine-cyanuric acid complex, is a crystalline complex formed from a 1:1 mixure of melamine and cyanuric acid. The substance is not a salt despite its non-systematic name melamine cyanurate. The complex is held together by an extensive two-dimensional network of hydrogen bonds.
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4d/Melamine-cyanuric_acid_chemical_structure_color.png/200px-Melamine-cyanuric_acid_chemical_structure_color.png Melamine-cyanuric acid complex C6H9N9O3 (C3H6N6·C3H3N3O3)