Synthetic Biology:Semantic web ontology/RDF

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Resource Definition Framework - used for making statements about facts

<>  has a creator whose value is John Smith

the RDF terms for the various parts of the statement are:

Beware of thinking of RDF as a format for serailizing objects. The semantic web is different - it is weblike.

  • Any document can (potentially) say anything about anything. There is no set of "slots" or "attributes" for a class. The properties defined in a schema are not the only properties which one can use to describe something which is in that class.
  • An object can be in many classes. When you create a semantic web document about something, others can deduce more things about it, in vocabularies you have never heard of.
  • Entity-Relationship and UML diagrams are useful for describing RDF -- so long as you remember the above.




  • Comments start with # sign
  • When you say what type of thing something is, you say a Class it belongs to.
  • A property is something which is used to declare a relationship between two things.
  • When the subject of any property must be in a class, that class is a domain of the property.
  • When the object must be in a class, that class is called the range of a property.
  • class identifiers start with capitals, properties with lower case letters
  • a rdf:type
  • => ?



  • Turtle - Terse RDF Triple Language - defines a text syntax for RDF called Turtle as an extension of the N-Triples test case format carefully taking the most useful and appropriate things added from Notation 3 while keeping the syntax describing only RDF graphs.



  • Fresnel - Display Vocabulary for RDF
  • Fresnel - SIMILE
  • CBD - a Concise Bounded Description of the resource denoted by the starting node in the source graph, can be identified as follows:
    1. Include in the subgraph all statements in the source graph where the subject of the statement is the starting node;
    2. Recursively, for all statements identified in the subgraph thus far having a blank node object, include in the subgraph all statements in the source graph where the subject of the statement is the blank node in question and which are not already included in the subgraph.
    3. Recursively, for all statements included in the subgraph thus far, for all reifications of each statement in the source graph, include the concise bounded description beginning from the rdf:Statement node of each reification.
  • Named Graphs - Semantic Web Activity (TriX, TriG, TriQL, RDFQ, NG4J)

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