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Food and Power

Professor: Deborah K. Fitzgerald
Generals, Spring 2007


General and Theoretical

1) Barthes, Roland, “Toward a Psychosociology of Contemporary Food Consumption,” in Carole Counihan and Penny Van Esterik, eds., Food and Culture: A Reader (New York: Routledge, 1997), pp. 20-27.

2) Barthes, Roland, "Wine and Milk," in Mythologies (Paris: Le Seuil, 1957).

3) Warren Belasco and Philip Scranton (eds.), Food Nations: Selling Taste in Consumer Societies (New York: Routledge, 2002).

4) Bell, David and Gill Valentine, Consuming Geographies: We Are Where We Eat (London: Routledge, 1997).

5) Bourdieu, Pierre, Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgment of Taste (Harvard University Press, 1984), [Section on French food and class] pp. 177-208.

6) Counihan, Carole, "Food Rules in the United States: Individualism, Control and Hierarchy," in The Anthropology of Food and Body

7) Counihan, Carole and Penny Van Esterik (eds.), Food and Culture: A Reader (New York: Routledge, 1997)

8) Cochrane, Willard W., The Development of American Agriculture: A Historical Analysis, 2nd Edition (Minneapolis: University of Minneapolis Press, 1993).

9) Cronon, William. “A Place for Stories: Nature, History, and Narrative.” JAH 78 (1992): 1347-76.

[Cummings, Richard Osborn, The American and His Food: A History of Food Habits in the United States (Chicago, 1940).]

10) Douglas, Mary, “Deciphering a Meal,” in Counihan and Van Esterik, pp. 36-54.

11) Douglas, Mary, Purity and Danger

12) Fischler, Claude (1980) 'Food habits, social change and the nature/culture dilemma', Social Science Information, 19 (6): 937-953.

13) Foucault, Michel, “Dietetics,” in Foucault, The Use of Pleasure: The History of Sexuality, Volume 2. trans. Robert Hurley (New York: Vintage, 1990), pp. 95-139.

14) Levi-Strauss, Claude, “The Culinary Triangle,” in Counihan and Van Esterik, pp. 28-35.

15) Mintz, Sidney, “The Changing Role of Food in the Study of Consumption,” in Roy Porter and John Brewer, Consumption and the World of Goods

16) Mintz, Sidney, Tasting Food, Tasting Freedom: Excursions into Eating, Culture, and the Past (Boston: Beacon Press, 1996).

17) Root, Waverley and Richard de Rochemont, Eating in America: A History (New York: Ecco, 1976).

18) Rozin, Paul, "Psychobiological Perspectives on Food Preferences," in Food and Evolution, Edited by Marvin Harris & Eric B. Ross (Philadelphia, 1987).

19) Tannahill, Reay, Food in History (New York: Crown, 1989).


20) Cronon, William. “Modes of Prophecy and Production: Placing Nature in History.” JAH 76, no. 4 (1990): 1122-31.

21) Fiege, Mark, Irrigated Eden: The Making of an Agricultural Landscape in the American West (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1999).

22) Glacken, Clarence J., Traces on the Rhodian Shore: Nature and Culture in Western Thought from Ancient Times to the End of the Eighteenth Century (University of California Press, 1967).

23) Hardin, Garrett. “The Tragedy of the Commons.” Science 162, no. 3859 (1968): 1243-48.

24) Hays, Samuel P. Beauty, Health and Permanence: Environmental Politics in the U.S. (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1987).

25) Hays, Samuel P. Conservation and the Gospel of Efficiency: The Progressive Conservation Movement, 1890-1920 (Harvard University Press, 1959).

26) Jacoby, Karl, Crimes Against Nature: Squatters, Poachers, Thieves, and the Hidden History of American Conservation (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001).

27) McEvoy, Arthur, The Fisherman’s Problem: Ecology and Law in the California Fisheries, 1850-1980 (NY: Cambridge University Press 1986).

28) Pollan, Michael, The Botany of Desire (New York: Random House, 2002).

29) Rome, Adam Ward. The Bulldozer in the Countryside: Suburban Sprawl and the Rise of American Environmentalism (Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001).

30) Russell, Edmund, War and Nature: Fighting and Insects with Chemicals from World War I to Silent Spring (Cambridge University Press, 2001).

31) Stoll, Steven, Larding the Lean Earth: Soil and Society in Nineteenth-Century America (NY: Hill and Wang, 2002).

32) Turner, Frederick Jackson, “The Significance of the Frontier in American History” (1893)

33) Warren, Louis, The Hunter’s Game: Poachers and Conservationists in 20th Century America (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1997).

34) White, Richard, The Organic Machine: The Remaking of the Columbia River (New York: Hill & Wang, 1995).

35) Williams, Raymond. “Ideas of Nature.” In Problems in Materialism and Culture (London: Verso, 1980).

36) Worster, Donald, Rivers of Empire: Water, Aridity, and the Growth of the American West (NY: Oxford University Press, 1985).

37) Worster, Donald, Nature's Economy: A History of Ecological Ideas (Cambridge University Press, 1977).

38) Worster, Donald. “Transformations of the Earth: Toward an Agroecological Perspective in History.” JAH 76, no. 4 (1990): 1087-106.

Colonial Food and Agriculture

39) Anderson, Virginia DeJohn, Creatures of Empire (Oxford)

40) Cronon, William, Changes in the Land: Indians, Colonists, and the Ecology of New England (rev. ed., NY: Hill and Wang, 2003).

41) Crosby, The Columbian Exchange: The Biological and Cultural Consequences of 1492 (Westport, CN: Greenwood Press, 1972).

42) Dalby, Andrew, Dangerous Tastes: The Story of Spices (Berkeley: University of California, 2000).

43) Diamond, Jarrod, Guns, Germs and Steel

44) Donohue, Brian, The Great Meadow: Farmers and the Land in Colonial Concord (Yale University Press, 2004).

45) Drayton, Richard, Nature’s Government (Yale)

46) Grove, Richard, Green Imperialism (Cambridge)

47) Jones, David S., "Virgin Soil Epidemics,"

[Jones, David S., Rationalizing Epidemics]

48) Krech, III, Shepherd, The Ecological Indian (Norton)

49) Kulikoff, Allan, From British Peasants to Colonial American Farmers (Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 2000).

50) Kurlansky, Mark, Cod: A Biography of the Fish That Changed the World (New York: Walker and Company, 1997).

51) Kurlansky, Mark, Salt (Walker and Company, 2002)

52) Melville, Elinor, Plague of Sheep (Cambridge)

53) Mintz, Sidney, Sweetness and Power: The Place of Sugar in Modern History (NY: Penguin, 1985).

[Ritvo, Harriet, The Animal Estate (Harvard University Press).]

[Salaman, Redcliffe The Social and Cultural History of the Potato (1949)]

54) Schivelbusch, Wolfgang, Tastes of Paradise: A Social History of Spices, Stimulants, and Intoxicants (New York: Pantheon, 1992).

55) Vickers, Daniel, Farmers and Fishermen: Two Centuries of Work in Essex County, Massachusetts, 1630-1850 (Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 1994).

56) Walvin, J., Fruits of Empire: Exotic Produce and British Taste, 1660-1800 (1997)

Labor, Race, and Immigration

57) Berlin, Ira, Many Thousands Gone: The First Two Centuries of Slavery in North America (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1998).

58) Carney, Judith, Black Rice: The African Origins of Rice Cultivation in the Americas (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2002).

59) Daniel, Cletus E. Bitter Harvest: A History of California Farmworkers, 1870-1941 (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1981).

60) Daniel, Peter. Breaking the Land: The Transformation of Cotton, Tobacco, and Rice Cultures since 1880 (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1985).

61) Fine, Gary Alan, "The culture of production: Aesthetic choices and constraints in culinary work," American Journal of Sociology 97 (1992): 1268-1294.

62) Fink, Deborah, Cutting into the Meatpacking Line: Workers and Change in the Rural Midwest (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1998).

[Foley, Neil, The White Scourge: Mexicans, Blacks, and Poor Whites in Texas Cotton Culture (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997).]

63) Foner, Eric, A Short History of Reconstruction, 1863-1877 (New York: Harper & Row, 1990).

[Genovese, Roll, Jordan, Roll (1974) – esp. notion of "negotiation"]

64) Hahamovitch, Cindy, The Fruits of Their Labors (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina, 1997).

[Leidner, Robin, Fast Food, Fast Talk: Service Work and the Routinization of Everyday Life (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1993).]

65) McWilliams, Carey, Factories in the Fields (Boston: Little, Brown, 1939).

66) Ohnuki-Tierney, Emiko, Rice as Self: Japanese Identities Through Time (Princeton, 1993).

67) Pilcher, Jeffrey, ¡Qué Vivan los Tamales!: Food and the Making of Mexican Identity (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1998).

68) Stull, Donald, Michael Broadway, David Griffith, eds., Any Way You Cut It: Meat Processing and Small Town America (Lawrence: University of Kansas, 1995).

69) Thompson, E.P., "The Moral Economy of the English Crowd in the Eighteenth Century," Past & Present, No. 50 (Feb., 1971), pp. 76-136.

70) Vaught, David, Cultivating California: Growers, Specialty Crops, and Labor, 1875-1920 (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999).

71) Vennum, Jr., Thomas, Wild Rice and the Ojibway People (St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society, 1988).

72) Wilkinson, Alec, Big Sugar: Seasons in the Cane Fields of Florida (NY: Knopf, 1989).

Technology, Marketing, and Industrialization

73) Barron, Hal, “Citriculture and Southern California: New Historical Perspectives”; Ronald Tobey and Charles Wetherell, “The Citrus Industry and the Revolution of Corporate Capitalism in Southern California, 1887-1944”; H. Vincent Moses, “’The Orange Grower is not a Farmer’: G. Harold Powell, Riverside Orchardists, and the Coming of Industrial Agriculture, 1893-1930”; Grace Larsen, “Commentary,” all in California History, Spring 1995, 74: 2-45.

74) Bloch, Marc, “The Advent and Triumph of the Watermill,”

75) Chandler, Alfred, The Visible Hand: The Managerial Revolution in American Business (Harvard University Press, 1977)

76) Fitzgerald, Deborah, Every Farm a Factory: The Industrial Ideal in American Agriculture (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2003).

77) Fitzgerald, Deborah, “Technology and Agriculture in 20th Century America,” in Carroll Pursell, ed., A Companion to American Technology (Oxford: Blackwell, in press).

[Friedland, William H., and Amy E. Barton. “Tomato Technology.” Society 13, no. 6 (1976): 34-42.]

78) Friedland, William H., and Robert J. Thomas. Manufacturing Green Gold: Capital, Labor, and Technology in the Lettuce Industry (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1981).

79) Guthman, Julie, Agrarian Dreams: The Paradox of Organic Farming in California (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004).

80) Hofstadter, Richard The Age of Reform (NY: Random House, 1955). [Esp. “The Agrarian Myth and Commercial Realities,”]

81) Kramer, Mark, Three Farms: Making Meat, Milk and Money from the American Soil (Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Press, 1987). [chpt. on tomatoes.]

82) McPhee, John, Oranges (Noonday Press, 1991).

83) Page, B., and R. Walker. “From Settlement to Fordism: The Agro Industrial Revolution in the American Midwest.” Economic Geography 67, no. 4 (1991): 281-315.

84) Page, Brian, “Restructuring Pork Production, Remaking Rural Iowa,” in David Goodman and Michael Watts, eds., Globalising Food: Agrarian Questions and Global Restructuring (New York: Routledge, 1997), pp. 133-157.

85) Schrepfer, Susan and Philip Scranton, eds., Industrializing Organisms: Introducing Evolutionary History (NY: Routledge, 2004).

86) Stine, J.K., and J.A. Tarr. “At the Intersection of Histories: Technology and the Environment.” Technology and Culture 39 (1998): 601-40.

87) Stoll, Steven, The Fruits of Natural Advantage: Making the Industrial Countryside in California (Berkeley: University of California, 1998).

88) Thompson, E.P., "Time, Work-Discipline, and Industrial Capitalism," Past and Present 38 (Dec., 1967): 56-97.

[Anderson, Oscar Edward, Jr., Refrigeration in America: A History of a New Technology and Its Impacts (Princeton, N.J., 1953).]

89) Boyd, William and Michael Watts, “Agro-Industrial Just-in-Time: The Chicken Industry and Postwar American Capitalism,” in Goodman and Watts, pp. 192-225.

90) Bruegel, Martin, “How the French Learned to Eat Canned Food, 1809-1930s,” in Warren Belasco and Philip Scranton, eds., Food Nations (New York: Routledge, 2002), pp. 113-130.

91) Buchanan, Nick, “The Atomic Meal,” History and Technology

92) Busch, Lawrence, William Lacy, Jeffrey Bukhardt, and Laura Lacy, Plants, Power and Profit: Social, Economic, and Ethical Consequences of the New Plant Biotechnology (Cambridge: Blackwell, 1991).

93) Charles, Dan, Lords of the Harvest (Cambridge, MA: Perseus, 2001).

94) Cowan, Ruth Schwartz, More Work for Mother: The Ironies of Household Technology from the Open Hearth to the Microwave

95) Fitzgerald, Deborah K., The Business of Breeding: Hybrid Corn in Illinois, 1890-1940

96) Fitzgerald, Deborah. “Beyond Tractors: The History of Technology in American Agriculture.” Technology and Culture 32, no. 1 (1991): 114-26.

97) Fitzgerald, Deborah. “Farmers Deskilled: Hybrid Corn and Farmer’s Work.” Technology and Culture 34, no. 2 (1993): 324-343.

98) Hamilton, Shane, “Cold Capitalism: The Political Ecology of Frozen Concentrated Orange Juice,” Agricultural History, Fall 2003, 77: 557-81.

99) Horowitz, Roger, Putting Meat on the American Table (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005).

100) Horowitz, Pilcher, and Watts, “Meat for the Multitudes: Market Culture in Paris, New York City and Mexico City,” American Historical Review, 109, 4 (Oct. 2004).

101) Ritzer, George.The McDonaldization of Society: An Investigation into the Changing Nature of Contemporary Social Life (Thousand Oaks: Pine Forge Press, 1993).

102) Schlosser, Eric, Fast Food Nation: The Dark Side of the All-American Meal (New York: Perennial, 2002).

103) Spiller, James, “Radiant Cuisine: The Commercial Fate of Food Irradiation in the United States,” Technology and Culture, Oct. 2004, 34: 740-763.

104) Strasser, Susan, Satisfaction Guaranteed: The Making of the American Mass Market (Washington: Smithsonian Institute Press, 1989).

105) Striffler, Steven, Chicken: The Dangerous Transformation of America’s Favorite Food (New Haven: Yale, 2005).

106) Striffler, Steven, “Inside a Poultry Processing Plant: An Ethnographic Portrait,” Labor History, 2002, 43: 305-13.

The City, the State, and the Countryside

107) Barlett, Peggy F. American Dreams, Rural Realities: Family Farms in Crisis (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1993).

108) Barron, Hal, Mixed Harvest: The Second Great Transformation in the Rural North, 1870-1930 (Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 1997).

109) Cronon, William, Nature's Metropolis: Chicago and the Great West (W.W. Norton, 1991)

110) Danbom, David, Born in the Country: A History of Rural America (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995).

111) Dudley, Kathryn, Debt and Dispossession: Farm Loss in America’s Heartland (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000).

112) Hamilton, Shane, "Trucking Country: Food Politics and the Transformation of Rural Life in Postwar America" [Dissertation] June 2005. [Read introduction]

113) Hightower, Jim, Hard Tomatoes, Hard Times: A report of the agribusiness accountability project on the failure of America's Land Grant College Complex (Schenkman Pub Co., 1973)

114) Kaplan, Steven, Provisioning Paris: Merchants and millers in the grain and flour trade during the eighteenth century (Cornell University Press, 1984).

115) Kaplan, Steven, The Bakers of Paris and the Bread Question, 1700-1775 (Duke University Press, 1996).

116) Kline, Ron, Consumers in the Country: Technology and Social Change in Rural America (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000).

117) Neth, Mary, Preserving the Family Farm: Women, Community, and the Foundations of Agribusiness in the Midwest, 1900-1940 (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995). [moved from "Gender and Space" section]

[Pisani, Donald J. From the Family Farm to Agribusiness: The Irrigation Crusade in California and the West, 1850-1931 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984).]

[Pisani, Donald J. Water and American Government: The Reclamation Bureau, National Water Policy, and the West, 1902-1935 (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2002).]

118) Saloutos, Theodore. The American Farmer and the New Deal (Ames: Iowa State University Press, 1982).

119) Scott, James, Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998).

120) Smith, Jenny, "Ground Control: Soviet Agricultural Reform from the Center and Periphery, 1950-1972," [Dissertation] August 2006. [Read introduction]

[Stock, Catherine McNicol, and Robert D. Johnston, eds. The Countryside in the Age of the Modern State: Political Histories of Rural America (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2001).]

121) Vialles, Noelie, Animal to Edible, translated by J.A. Underwood (Cambridge University Press, 1994).

122) Weber, Eugen, Peasants into Frenchmen: The Modernization of Rural France, 1870-1914 (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1976)

123) Williams, Raymond, The Country and the City (Oxford University Press, 1973).

124) Worster, Donald, Dust Bowl: The Southern Plains in the 1930s (NY: Oxford University Press, 1979).

Postcolonialism and Globalization

125) Appadurai, Arjun, "GastroPolitics in Hindu South Asia,"

126) Bonanno, Alessandro, Lawrence Busch, Willliam Friedland, Lourdes Gouveia, and Enzo Mingione, eds., From Columbus to ConAgra: The Globalization of Agriculture and Food (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1994). [Esp. Busch; Sorj & Wilkinson; Friedland; Cook; Bonanno]

127) Caldwell, Melissa, “Domesticating the French Fry: McDonald’s and Consumerism in Moscow,” in Watson and Caldwell, pp. 180-196.

128) Dunn, Elizabeth, Privatizing Poland: Baby Food, Big Business, and the Remaking of Labor (Cornell UP, 2004).

129) Escobar, Arturo, Encountering Development: The Making and Unmaking of the Third World (Princeton University Press, 1995).

130) Friedberg, Susanne, French Beans and Food Scares: Culture and Commerce in an Anxious Age (NY: Oxford, 2004).

131) Goldfrank, Walter, “Fresh Demand: The Consumption of Chilean Produce in the United States,” in Watson and Caldwell, pp. 42-53.

132) Goodman, David and Michael Watts., eds., Globalising Food: Agrarian Questions and Global Restructuring (NY: Routledge, 1997). [Esp. Watts & Goodman; Page; Boyd & Watts; Whatmore & Thorne]

133) Gupta, Akhil, Postcolonial Developments: Agriculture in the Making of Modern India (Duke University Press, 1998).

134) Lang, James, Notes of a Potato Watcher (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2001).

135) Peterson, Dale, Eating Apes (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003).

136) Roseberry, William, “The Rise of Yuppie Coffee and the Reimagination of Class in the United States,” in Counihan, pp. 149-168.

137) Scott, James, Weapons of the Weak: Everyday Forms of Peasant Resistance (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1985).

138) Sen, Amartya, Poverty and Famines: An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation (1981) [Excerpts: pp. 1-51, 154-166]

139) Striffler, Steve, In the Shadows of State and Capital: The United Fruit Company, Popular Struggle, and Agrarian Restructuring in Ecuador, 1900-1995 (Durham: Duke, 2002).

140) Watson, James L., ed., Golden Arches East: McDonald’s in East Asia (Stanford, 1997).

141) Weiner, Mark, “Consumer Culture and Participatory Democracy: The Story of Coca-Cola during World War II,” in Carole Counihan, ed., Food in the USA (Routledge, 2002), pp. 123-141.

142) Wyley, Diana, Starving on a Full Stomach

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