User:Toby Mottram

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Contact Info

Toby Mottram looking smart
  • Toby Mottram
  • Royal Agricultural University
  • Cirencester
  • United Kingdom
  • email me at :

I develop new technology to monitor cow health and welfare in my workshop in Glasgow. I learned about OpenWetWare through the IBE site of which I used to be member, and I've joined because I would like to work to improve cow welfare and productivity while reducing the environmental impact. I am looking to work with anyone who can use my skill to develop equipment, sponsor and supervise student projects.


  • 1993, PhD, Cranfield University, Automation of Milking
  • 1987, MSc, Silsoe College, Cranfield University
  • 1985, BA (Hons), Open University

Research interests

  1. Wireless sensor platforms to monitor cow movement and the analysis of data to detect illness from that
  2. Wireless rumen pH sensors to measure and detect SARA
  3. Ear tag pulse oximetry
  4. in-line milk sensors
  5. effect of cows on the environment
  6. role of dairy farming in creating a balanced diet and environment


All my publications are available to download free from "" You can also see videos on cow breath sampling and robotic milking dating from the 1990s.

Here are some recent ones. T.T. Mottram, J. Lowe, M McGowan, N.J Phillips, D Poppi, 2008, A wireless telemetric method of monitoring clinical acidosis in dairy cows, Computers and electronics in Ag. In press.

N.J. Phillips, T. Mottram, J. Lowe, D.P. Poppi ,D and M.R. McGowan, 2008, Monitoring Ruminal pH by Datalogger Using Wireless Telemetry, Proc. Aust. Soc. Anim. Prod. 2008 Vol. 27

P C Garnsworthy, L L Masson, A L Lock, T T Mottram, Variation of milk citrate with stage of lactation and de novo Fatty Acid synthesis in dairy cows. J Dairy Sci. 2006 May ;89 (5):1604-12

Schofield, CP; Tillett, RD; McFarlane, NJB; Mottram, TT; Frost, AR Emerging technology for Assessing the Composition of Livestock Proc. 2nd European Conf. on Precision Livestock Farming, 2ECPLF 2005, Uppsala, Sweden, 9-12 June 2005

Xu. Y.F., Velasco-Garcia, M. and Mottram, T.T. (2004) Quantitative analysis of the response of an electrochemical biosensor for progesterone in milk, Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 20 (10):2061-70.

Badea, M., Micheli, L., Messia, M.C., Candigliota, T., Marconi, E., Mottram, T., Velasco-Garcia, M., Moscone, D. and Palleschi, G. (2004) Aflatoxin M1 determination in raw milk using a flow injection immunoassay system, Analytica Chimica Acta 520 141-148.

Caplen, G., Mottram, T.T., Pickard, A.R. & Milligan, S.R. (2004). A biosensor-based method for non-invasively monitoring wildlife reproduction - the field vole (Microtus agrestis) as a potential biomarker of environmental disruption. Analytical Letters, 37 (8): 1719-1735. Velasco Garcia, M. N., Mottram, T. T. (2003) Biosensor technology addressing agricultural problems. Biosystems Engineering 84 (1), 1-12.

Velasco-Garcia, M. N., Mottram, T. T. (2002) Biosensors: technology and opportunities in livestock production. Landwards 57 (2), Information Engineering for Agriculture and Horticulture, pub. SRI 15th May 2001, 16-20.

Mottram, T., Velasco-Garcia, M., Berry, P., Richards, P., Ghesquiere, J., Masson, L. (2002) Automatic on-line analysis of milk constituents(Urea, Ketones, Enzymes and Hormones) using biosensors. Comparative Clinical Pathology 11, 50-58.

Ditcham, W. G. F., Al-Obaidi, A. H. R., Mcstay, D., Mottram, T. T., Brownlie, J., Thompson, I. (2001)An immunosensor with potential for the detection of viral antigens in body fluids based on surface second harmonic generation. Biosensors and Bioelectronics 16 (3), 221 - 224.

Pemberton, R. M., Hart, J. P., Mottram, T. T. (2001) An Assay For The Enzyme N-Acetyl-B-D-Glucosaminidase ( Nagase) Based On Electrochemical Detection Using Screen-Printed Carbon Electrodes (Spces). Analyst 126 (11), 1866-1871.

Pemberton, R. M., Hart, J. P., Mottram, T. T. (2001) An electrochemical immunosensor for milk progesterone using a continuous flow system. Biosensors and Bioelectronics 16 (9-12), 715-723.

Velasco-Garcia, M. N., Mottram, T. T. (2001) Biosensors In The Livestock Industry: An Automated Ovulation Prediction System For Dairy Cows. Trends In Biotechnology 19 (11), 433-434.

Useful links