Silver: Site-Directed Mutagenesis
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- Use QuikChange's Mult-Site Directed Mutagenesis Kit to do site-directed mutagenesis, even if only one site is to be mutated.
- Design and order PAGE-purified primer(s). Stratagene's website has a nice interface to help you design primers. Briefly, your primers must:
- be between 25-45 bp long
- have the site to be mutated approximately in the middle of the primer, with 10-15 bp flanking this site
- have a melting temperature greater or equal to 75C
- have a GC content of at least 40%
- (only if using multiple primers): all bind to the same template strand
- See the instruction manual for additional details.
- When doing the site-directed mutagenesis, follow the instructions in the manual, with these changes:
- Do two pcr reactions: one with 1.0 uL of template DNA, and a second with 0.5 uL template DNA.
- Digest with DpnI for at least 5 hrs., or preferably overnight, rather than for 1 hour.
- XL-10 Gold Cells can be transformed in eppendorf tubes using SOC media, rather than in Falcon tubes with NZY+ media.
- After adding the DpnI-digested pcr reaction to the XL-10 Gold cells, incubate on ice for 45 min - 1hr, instead of 30 min.
- From 500 uL of SOC + transformants, plate 50uL. Centrifuge the remaining cells and media. Leaving the pelleted cells intact, remove all but ~150 uL of media. Re-suspend the cells, then spread them on a second plate. Essentially, you are plating all the cells from remaining 450 uL transformation mixture, but just decreasing the volume that you are spreading on the plate to ~150 uL.
- In our experience, this procedure works well. There are other protocols around if you run into problems.
last edited Caroline Ajo-Franklin 08 October 2006.