Senecio Research Network
The Senecio Research Network
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- The plant genus Senecio comprises approximately 1,000 species and is increasingly used in research on plant adaptation and evolution. The genus includes leaf, stem and tuber succulents, annuals, perennials, aquatics, climbers, shrubs and small trees. Some species produce natural biocides (especially alkaloids) to deter or even kill animals that would eat them, and several species are notable weeds of agriculture and horticulture (e.g. Senecio vulgaris), while others are successful invaders of pastures, wasteground and roadsides (e.g. S. inaequidens, S. madagascariensis and S. squalidus).
- Some Senecio species are self-compatible, whereas others exhibit strong self-incompatibility. Interspecific hybridization is common and there are notable examples of recent introgression and hybrid speciation in the genus resulting in the origin of new introgressant taxa, and allopolyploid and homoploid hybrid species. Ecotypic divergence is also marked in some species (e.g. S. lautus and S. vulgaris), raising questions on how new species originate via ecological speciation.
- Because Senecio species are now being used to investigate a wide range of questions in ecology and evolution in different labs around the world, several labs thought it desirable to establish a network to enhance collaborative research and to access and exchange valuable information and resources. This led to the first meeting of the network in August 2010 (Programme & Abstracts) and to the establishment of this website.
- Senecio eboracensis a new allotetraploid species discovered in York in 1979 is now extinct in the wild. Seed of this species is stored in Kew's Millenium Seed Bank. Enquiries should be directed to the UK Collections Coordinator, Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, Millenium Seed Bank, Wakehurst Place, Ardingly, West Sussex RH17 6TN.
- SenecioDB is an online database curated at the University of Bristol which currently hosts in excess of 11,000 ESTs from floral and leaf tissue of five Senecio taxa.
- The draft genome sequence of Senecio squalidus is being produced using several different sequencing approaches through a collaboration between the Hiscock (Bristol) and Filatov (Oxford) labs. More details to appear soon.
- Genetic maps of S. squalidus and its parent species, S. aethnensis and S. chrysanthemifolius, are being produced by Adrian Brennan (Edinburgh) and Richard Abbott (St Andrews) using SSR and AFLP markers. Work to expand and improve these maps is being carried out by Dmitri Filatov (Oxford) and Mark Chapman (Southampton).
- Genetic maps of Senecio jacobaea and S. aquaticus (now Jacobaea vulgaris and J. aquaticus, respectivey,) are being produced by the Klinkhamer and Vrieling labs (Leiden University) from a cross between these two species.
The First Senecio Research Network meeting was held at St Andrews University, UK, on 20 August 2010. Programme & Abstracts. You can view pdfs of presentations given by speakers at the meeting by clicking on their names in the following list:
- Tom Batstone, Adrian Brennan, Jon Bridle, Peter Comes, Eleanor Dormontt, Dmitry Filatov, Matt Hegarty, Minsung Kim, Peter Klinkhamer, Andy Lowe, Daniel Ortiz-Barrientos, Becky Ross, Klass Vrieling
Milton JJ, Affenzeller M, Abbott RJ, Comes HP (2022) Plant speciation in the Namib Desert: origin of a widespread derivative species from a narrow endemic. BioRxiv doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/2022.01.04.474907
Walter GM, Clark J, Cristaudo A, Terranova D, Nevo B, Catara S, Paunov M, Velikova V, Filatov D, Cozzolino S, Hiscock SJ, Bridle JR (2022) Adaptive divergence generates distinct plastic responses in two closely related Senecio species. Evolution. https://doi.org/10.1111/evo.14478
Walter GM, du Plessis S, Terranova D, la Spina E, Majorana MG, Pepe G, Clark J, Cozzolino S, Cristaudo A, Hiscock SJ, Bridle JR (2021) Adaptive maternal effects in early life history traits help to maintain ecological resilience in novel environments for two contrasting Senecio species. BioRxiv https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.02.04.429835
Walter GM, Terranova D, Clark J, Cozzolino S,, Cristaudo A, Hiscock SJ, Bridle JR (2021) Plasticity in novel environments induces larger changes in genetic variance than adaptive divergence. BioRxiv https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.02.08.430333
Wilkinson MC, Roda F, Walter GM, James ME, Nipper R, Walsh J, Allen SL, North HL, Beveridge CB, Ortiz-Barrientos D. (2021) Adaptive divergence in shoot gravitropism creates hybrid sterility in an Australian wildflower. PNAS 118 (47) e2004901118
Walter GM, Richards TJ, Wilkinson MJ, Blows MW, Aguirre JD, Ortiz-Barrientos D (2020) Loss of ecologically important genetic variation in late generation hybrids reveals links between adaptation and speciation. Evolution Letters 4: 302-316.
Walter G, Abbott RJ, Brennan AC, Bridle J, Chapman MA, Clark J, Filatov D, Nevado B, Ortiz-Barrientos D, Hiscock SJ (2020) Senecio as a model system for integrating studies of genotype, phenotype and fitness. New Phytologist 226: 326-344.
Walter G, Clark J, Cristaudo A, Nevado B, Catara S, Paunov M, Velikova V, Filatov D, Cozzolino S, Hiscock SJ, Bridle JR (2020) Adaptation to contrasting habitats underlies distinct plastic responses to environmental variation in two closely related Senecio species. BioRxivdoi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1101/2020.01.24.918201.
Wong ELY, Nevado B, Osborne OG, Papadopulos AST, Bridle JR, Hiscock SJ, Filatov DA (2020) Strong divergent selection at multiple loci in two closely related species of ragworts adapted to high and low elevations on Mount Etna. Molecular Ecology 29: 394-412.
Brennan AC, Hiscock SJ, Abbott RJ (2019) Completing the hybridization triangle: the inheritance of genetic incompatibilities during homoploid hybrid speciation in ragworts (Senecio). AoB Plants 11(1): ply078.
Melo MC, James ME, Roda F, Bernal-Franco D, Wilkinson MJ, Liu H-L, Walter GM, Ortiz-Barrientos D (2019) Evidence for mutation-order speciation between convergent ecotypes. BioRxiv, https://doi.org/10.1101/692673.
Walter GM, Richards T, Wilkinson MJ, Aguirre D, Blows MW, Ortiz-Barrientos D (2019) Connecting micro and macroevolution using genetic incompatibilities and natural selection on additive genetic variance. BioRxiv, doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/520809.
Abbott RJ, Comes HP, Goodwin ZA, Brennan AC (2018) Hybridisation and detection of a hybrid zone between mesic and desert ragworts (Senecio) across an aridity gradient in the eastern Mediterranean. Plant Ecology & Diversity 11: 267-281.
Lieu C-S, Memory A, Ortiz-Barrientos D, Thompson IR, de Lange PJ, Pelser PB (2018) The delimitation and evolutionary history of the Australasian Lautusoid group of Senecio (Asteraceae; Senecioneae). Taxon 67: 130-148.
Bog M, Ehrnsberger HF, Elmer M, Bassler C, Oberprieler C (2017) Do differences in herbivore resistance contribute to elevational niches of species and hybrids in the central European Senecio nemorensis (Compositae, Senecioneae) syngameon? Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 24: 61-71.
Bog M, Bassler C, Oberprieler C (2017) Lost in the hybridisation vortex: high-elevation Senecio hercynicus (Compositae, Senecioneae) is genetically swamped by its congener S. ovatus in the Bavarian Forest National Park (SE Germany). Evolutionary Ecology 31: 401-420.
Bog M, Elmer M, Doppel M, Ehrnsberger HF, Heilmann J, Oberprieler C (2017) Phytochemical investigations and food-choice experiments with two mollusc species in three central European Senecio L. (Asteraceae, Senecioneae) species and their hybrids. Chemoecology 27: 155-169.
Dušková E, Sklenář P, Kolář F, Vásquez DLA, Romoleroux K, Fér T, Marhold K (2017) Growth form evolution and hybridization in Senecio (Asteraceae) from the high equatorial Andes. Ecology and Evolution 7: 6455-6468.
Alexander-Webber D, Abbott RJ, Chapman MA (2016) Morphological convergence between an allopolyploid and one of its parental species correlates with biased gene expression and DNA loss. Journal of Heredity 107: 445-454.
Brennan AC, Hiscock SJ, Abbott RJ (2016) Genomic architecture of phenotypic divergence between two hybridizing plant species along an elevational gradient. AoB Plants 8: plw022 doi:10.1093/aobpla/plw022.
Chapman MA, Hiscock SJ, Filatov DA (2016) The genomic basis of morphological divergence and reproductive isolation driven by ecological speciation in Senecio (Asteraceae. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 29: 98-113.
Irwin JA, Ashton PA, Bretagnolle F, Abbott RJ (2016) The long and the short of it: long-styled florets are associated with higher outcrossing rate in Senecio vulgaris and result from delayed self-pollen germination. Plant Ecology & Diversity 9: 159-165.
Kandziora M, Kadereit JW, Gehrke B (2016) Frequent colonization and little in situ speciation in Senecio in the tropical alpine-like islands of eastern Africa. American Journal of Botany 103: 1483-1498.
Love J, Graham SW, Irwin JA, Ashton PA, Bretagnolle F, Abbott RJ (2016) Self-pollination, style length development and seed set in self-compatible Asteraceae: evidence from Senecio vulgaris L. Plant Ecology & Diversity 9: 371-379.
Sonnleitner M, Hulber K, Flatscher R, Garcia PE, Winkler M, Suda J, Schoenswetter P, Schneeweiss GM (2016) Ecological differentiation of diploid and polyploid cytotypes of Senecio carniolicus sensu lato (Asteraceae) is stronger in areas of sympatry. Annals of Botany 117: 269-276.
Oberprieler C, Heine G, Bassler C (2015) Can divergent selection save the rare Senecio hercynicus from genetic swamping by its spreading congener S. ovatus (Compositae, Senecioneae)? Flora 210: 47-59.
Wilcox M (2015) Should Senecio vulgaris ssp. denticulatus be a species? BSBI News (Botanical Society of Britain & Ireland) 128: 27-29.
Brennan AC, Hiscock SJ, Abbott RJ (2014) Interspecific crossing and genetic mapping reveal intrinsic genomic incompatibility between two Senecio species that form a hybrid zone on Mount Etna, Sicily. Heredity 113: 195-204.
Dormontt EE, Gardner MG, Breed MF, Rodger JG, Prentis PP, Lowe AJ (2014) Genetic bottlenecks in time and space: reconstructing invasions from contemporary and historical collections. PLoS One 9: e106874.
Melo MC, Grealy A, Brittain B, Walter GM, Ortiz-Barrientos D (2014) Strong extrinsic reproductive isolation between parapatric populations of an Australian groundsel. New Phytologist 203: 323-334. DOI: 10.1111/nph.12779.
Qian G, Ping JJ, Lu J, Zhang Z, Wang L, Xu Dl (2014) Construction of full-length cDNA library and development of EST-derived simple sequence repeat (EST-SSR) markers in Senecio scandens. Biochemical Genetics 52: 494-508
Brennan AC, Harris SA, Hiscock SJ (2013) The population genetics of sporophytic self-incompatibility in three hybridizing Senecio (Asteraceae) species with contrasting population histories. Evolution 67: 1347-1367.
Calvo J, Álvarez I, Aedo C, Pelser PB. 2013. A phylogenetic analysis and new delimitation of Senecio sect. Crociseris (Compositae: Senecioneae), with evidence of intergeneric hybridization. Taxon 62: 127-140.
Cheng DD, van der Meijden E, Mulder PPJ Vrieling K Klinkhamer, PGL (2013) Pyrrolizidine Alkaloid Composition Influences Cinnabar Moth Oviposition Preferences in Jacobaea Hybrids. Journal of Chemical Ecology 39: 430-437.
Roda F, Ambrose L, Walter GM, Liu H-L, Schaul A, Lowe A, Pelser P, Prentis P, Rieseberg LH, Ortiz-Barrientos D (2013) Genomic evidence for the parallel evolution of coastal forms in the Senecio lautus complex. Molecular Ecology 22: 2941-2952.
Roda F, Liu H-L, Wilkinson MJ, Walter GM, James ME, Bernal DM, Melo MC, Lowe A, Rieseberg LH, Prentis P, Ortiz-Barrientos D (2013) Convergence and divergence during the adaptation to similar environments by an Australian groundsel. Evolution 67: 2515-2529.
Sonnleitner M, Weiss B, Flatscher R, Escobar Garcıa P, Suda J, Krejcikova J, Schneeweiss GM, Winkler M, Schoenswetter P, Hulber K (2013) Parental ploidy strongly affects offspring fitness in heteroploid crosses among three cytotypes of autopolyploid Jacobaea carniolica (Asteraceae). PLoS ONE 8: e78959.
Brennan AC, Barker D, Hiscock SJ, Abbott RJ (2012) Molecular genetic and quantitative trait divergence associated with recent homoploid hybrid speciation: a study of Senecio squalidus (Asteraceae). Heredity 108: 87-95.
Hegarty MJ, Abbott RJ, Hiscock SJ (2012) Allopolyploid speciation in action: origin and evolution of Senecio cambrensis. In: Soltis PS, Soltis DE (Eds.) Polyploidy and Genome Evolution, pp. 245-270. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg.
Kirk H, Vrieling K, Pelser PB, Schaffner U (2012) Can plant resistance to specialist herbivores be explained by plant chemistry or resource use strategy? Oecologia 168: 1043-1055.
Kirk H, Cheng DD, Choi YH, Vrieling K, Klinkhamer P (2012) Transgressive segregation of primary and secondary metabolites in F-2 hybrids between Jacobaea aquatica and J. vulgaris. Metabolomics 8: 211-219.
Pelser PB, Abbott RJ, Comes HP, Milton JJ, Moeller M, Looseley ME, Cron GV, Barcelona JF, Kennedy AH, Watson LE, Barone R, Hernandez F, Kadereit JW (2012) The ghost of an invasion past: colonization and extinction revealed by historical hybridization in Senecio. Molecular Ecology 12: 369-387.
Ross RIC, Agren JA, Pannell JR (2012) Exogenous selection shapes germination behaviour and seedling traits of populations at different altitudes in a Senecio hybrid zone. Annals of Botany 110: 1439-1447.
Allen AM, Thorogood, CJ, Hegarty MJ, Lexer C, Hiscock SJ (2011) Pollen-pistil interactions and self-incompatibility in the Asteraceae: new insights from studies of Senecio squalidus (Oxford ragwort). Annals of Botany 108: 687-698.
Brennan AC, Tabah DA, Harris SA, Hiscock SJ (2011) Sporophytic self-incompatibility in Senecio squalidus (Asteraceae): S allele dominance interactions and modifiers of cross-compatibility and selfing rates. Heredity 106: 113-123.
Cheng DD, Vrieling K, Klinkhamer PGL (2011) The effect of hybridization on secondary metabolites and herbivore resistance: implications for the evolution of chemical diversity in plants. Phytochemistry Reviews 10: 107-117.
Cheng DD, Kirk H, Mulder PPJ, Vrieling K, Klinkhamer PGL (2011) Pyrrolizidine alkaloid variation in shoots and roots of segregating hybrids between Jacobaea vulgaris and Jacobaea aquatica. New Phytologist 192: 1010-1023.
Doorduin L, Gravendeel B, Lammers Y, Ariyurek Y, Chin-A-Woeng T, Vrieling K (2011) The complete chloroplast genome of 17 individuals of pest species Jacobaea vulgaris: SNPs, microsatellites and barcoding markers for population and phylogenetic studies. DNA Research 18: 93-105.
Hegarty MJ, Batstone T, Barker GL, Edwards KJ, Abbott RJ, Hiscock SJ (2011) Nonadditive changes to cytosine methylation as a consequence of hybridization and genome duplication in Senecio (Asteraceae). Molecular Ecology 20: 105-113.
Klinkhamer PGL (2011) Special Issue: Pyrrolizidine alkaloids in Senecio: In honour of the eremitate of Prof. Eddy van der Meijden (Institute of Biology IBL, University of Leiden, the Netherlands) Introduction. Phytochemistry Reviews 10: 1-2.
Langel D, Ober D, Pelser PB (2011) The evolution of pyrrolizidine alkaloid biosynthesis and diversity in the Senecioneae. Phytochemistry Reviews 10: 3-74.
Oberprieler C, Hartl S, Schauer K, Meister J, Heilmann K (2011) Morphological, phytochemical and genetic variation in mixed stands and a hybrid swarm of Senecio germanicus and S. ovatus (Compositae, Senecioneae). Plant Systematics & Evolution 293: 177-191.
Allen AM, Lexer C, Hiscock SJ (2010) Comparative analysis of pistil transcriptomes reveals conserved and novel genes expressed in dry, wet, and semidry stigmas. Plant Physiology 154: 1347-1360.
Allen AM, Lexer C, Hiscock SJ (2010) Characterisation of sunflower-21 (SF21) genes expressed in pollen and pistil of Senecio squalidus (Asteraceae) and their relationship with other members of the SF21 gene family. Sexual Plant Reproduction 23: 173-186.
Brennan AC, Hiscock SJ (2010) Expression and inheritance of sporophytic self-incompatibility in synthetic allohexaploid Senecio cambrensis (Asteraceae). New Phytologist 186: 251-261
Kirk H, Vrieling K, Van Der Meijden E, Klinkhamer PGL (2010) Species by environment interactions affect pyrrolizidine alkaloid expression in Senecio jacobaea, Senecio aquaticus, and their hybrids. J. Chemical Ecology 36: 378-387.
Langel D, Ober D, Pelser P (2010) The evolution of pyrrolizidine alkaloid biosynthesis and the diversity in the Senecioneae. Phytochemistry Reviews 10: 3-74
Pelser PB, Tepe EJ, Kennedy AH, Watson LE (2010) The fate of Robinsonia (Asteraceae): sunk in Senecio, but still monophyletic? Phytotaxa 5: 31-46.
Prentis PJ, Woolfit M, Thomas-Hall SR, Ortiz-Barrientos D, Pavasovic A, Lowe AJ, Schenk PM (2010) Massively parallel sequencing and analysis of expressed sequence tags in a successful invasive plant. Annals of Botany 106: 1009-1017.
Oberprieler C, Barth A, Schwarz S, HeilmannJ (2010)Morphological and phytochemical variation, genetic structure and phenology in an introgressive hybrid swarm of Senecio hercynicus and S. ovatus (Compositae, Senecioneae). Plant Systematics & Evolution 286: 153-166.
Sonnleitner M, Flatscher R, Escobar Garcıa P, Rauchova J, Suda J, Schneeweiss GM, Hulber K, Schoenswetter P (2010) Distribution and habitat segregation on different spatial scales among diploid, tetraploid and hexaploid cytotypes of Senecio carniolicus(Asteraceae) in the Eastern Alps. Annals of Botany 106: 967–977.
Rapo C, Muller-Scharer H, Vrieling K, Schaffner U (2010) Is there rapid evolutionary response in introduced populations of tansy ragwort, Jacobaea vulgaris, when exposed to biological control? Evolutionary Ecology 24: 1081-1099