Oscilloscope LabSJK 01:16, 17 September 2008 (EDT)
In this lab, we basically learn (or relearn) how to use the basic features of a digital multimeter. (Steve Koch:I understand what you mean, but a multimeter is different than an oscilloscope.)
Here is the lab manual page.
Here are my lab notes.
The essential parts of the lab require us to measure waveforms, learn about triggering, observe differences between AC and DC coupling, and measure the fall time of a square pulse using AC coupling.
While performing the Basic Waveform Measurement SJK 01:14, 17 September 2008 (EDT)Triggering portion.
My procedure was as follows:
I started out with edge, rising trigger @ 0.00 V. This projected the typical sin wave, with slope 1 @ t = 0. When I switched to falling trigger, my sin graph changed phase by pi, with slope -1 @ t = 0. Video trigger gave me a slowly moving double-wave - none of the options cleaned it up. Pulse triggering yielded more gibberish until I set the "when" option to ≠ instead of =. The Pulse Width was set to 1.00 ms, so the ≠ makes sense.
I set V amplitude to ~10 V. Switching to AC Coupling raised and advanced the whole function a very little bit in time.
I first measured the fall time incorrectly, setting my source's frequency too high. The second time around, I set the frequency to 7 Hz. This allowed me to see a more pronounced peak at the left side of the square pulse, which decayed nearly to 0 V before the end of the pulse. I used the cursor to measure the left side peak @ 8.60 V, the right side @ 600 mV. The manual wanted the fall time from max to 10% of max, so when I used the time cursor, I placed the second cursor marker @ the time for .800 V. The measured time was 62.00 ms. Using the equation V(t) = V0*(exp(-t/τ))...Fall time = 62.00 ± .001 ms SJK 01:13, 17 September 2008 (EDT)
RC constant = τ = 26.1 ± .01 ms†
This fall time is for ΔV = 8.60 V - .800 V ≈ 90.3% of the full change in V.
The most prevalent lesson from this particular lab is to save often, so my data isn't lost. Also, being prepared before the lab is important, because I spent a while correcting my openwetware account before even starting the lab.
In my raw data, I allude to pictures taken with my phone. This would enrich my reports/summaries, but unfortunately my phone doesn't pair with Mac computers. I may bring an actual camera in the future.
†(corrected from erroneous calculation in raw data)