Initial Testing of DNA Construct In Vitro

From OpenWetWare
Jump to navigationJump to search


  • To determine if pTet - LuxR - pLux - GFP (BBa_T9002) DNA constructs for Infector Detector expresses in vitro


  • Fluorometer + Connected PC Turn on before beginning
  • 96 well plate x1 + Plate lid
  • 1.5ml eppendorf tube x7
  • eppendorf rack
  • Gilson p20,p200,p1000
  • Stop watch


  • Our Prepared S30 extract
  • Commercial S30 E.coli extract. Including:
    • 175µl Amino Acid Mixture Minus Cysteine, 1mM
    • 175µl Amino Acid Mixture Minus Methionine, 1mM
    • 175µl Amino Acid Mixture Minus Leucine, 1mM
    • 450µl S30 Extract, Circular (3 × 150µl)
    • 750µl S30 Premix Without Amino Acids
  • MiiA water x1ml
  • GFP solution (For this initial experiment does not need to be purified GFP, we just want to know we have the right filter and that our settings are adjusted to measuring GFP)
  • Prepared dilutions of AHL to 1mM


  1. First collect all equipment and reagents and ensure that the fluorometer and that the PC connected has a data collection protocol installed.
  2. Commercial E.coli Cell Extract: First prepare a complete amino acid mixture for both extract solutions: Add the 5μl volume of two amino acid minus mixtures into an labeled eppendorf to give a volume of 10μl. Each amino acid minus mixture is missing one type of amino acid, and so by combining two solutions we are complementing each solution for the missing amino acid. Place eppendorf in a rack on bench.
  3. S30 home-made Cell Extract:Remove 1.2ml and place in a labeled eppendorf tube. Place these tubes in a rack on bench.
  4. Commercial E.coli Cell Extact:Take a eppendorf tube and add 5µl of the E.coli complete amino acid mixture. Then add add 20µl of S30 Premix Without Amino Acid. Then add 15µl of S30 Extract Circular. Finally add nuclease-Free Water to bring final volume (inc.DNA vol) to 100µl, the volume of DNA added will be determined in experiment 1 and the volume of the nuclease free water adjusted accordingly. Place the eppendorf tube in a rack on the bench
  5. Carry out step above again so that we end up with two eppendorf tubes of prepared commercial E.coli extract.
  6. Vortex the tubes to mix thoroughly and place the 5x eppendorf tubes in the incubator at 30oC

Loading Plate

  1. Follow the schematic for the plate and begin by loading the in vitro expression system into the correct wells. Before loading in the samples vortex the tubes for a few seconds to mix the solution.
  2. Place the lid on the 96well plate and put into the incubator at 30oC for 10 minutes to allow temperature to equilibrate
  3. Remove from 30oC incubator and spin-down in centrifuge in plate centrifuge at 2000rpm for a few seconds. Spin down is the process of bringing down any solution on lid or side of well into the base of the well. Alternatively can tap the top of the lid to bring down any solution to bottom of the well.
  4. Remove lid off th e 96well plate and place in the fluorometer. Create a file name protocol 2-1 under: D:\IGEM\INSERT DATE\CBD\ protocol 2-1. Export the data here. If repeated measurements change the second number to suit repeat number, e.g. 2nd repeat protocol 2-2, 5th repeat protocol 2-5. Once the data collection is set up then initiate the measurements.
  5. This measurement will give a back ground fluorescence measurement and can be used as our time zero data.
  6. Then to begin the reaction add required volume of purified DNA sample to give 2µg to the wells indicated on the schematic. Be careful not to add to wells that DO NOT NEED DNA.
  7. Add 1uM of AHL to the required wells, to a maximum volume of 65ul per well.
  8. Place lid back on and place back in the incubator at 30oC

  9. After 5 minutes of incubation measure the fluorescence by repeating procedure 3-4 above. This initial measurement of 30 minutes is to find out how fast GFP is being produced. After this initial measurement, the intervals should be reassessed and adjusted accordingly
  10. Before each measurement be careful to remember to either spin down or tap down the solution and to remove the lid before placing in the fluorometer


Well Test Construct In vitro chassis Vol of in
vitro chassis (ul)
A1 pTet-LuxR-pLux-GFP Commercial E.coli extract 20µl-DNA volume
A2 pTet-LuxR-pLux-GFP Commercial E.coli extract 20µl-DNA volume
A3 pTet-LuxR-pLux-GFP Our S30 Cell extract 20µl-DNA volume
C1 None GFP sample None
C2 None Commercial E.coli extract None
C3 None Commercial E.coli extract None

96 Plate Schematic