Frank J. Stewart

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Contact Info

Frank J. Stewart (an artistic interpretation)
  • Frank J. Stewart
  • Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • Parsons Lab 48-208
  • 15 Vassar Street
  • Cambridge MA 02139
  • Email me through OpenWetWare

Please see my website at


  • 2008, PhD, Harvard University
  • 2002, MS, University of Nevada-Reno
  • 2000, BS, Middlebury College

Research interests

  1. Prokaryote-eukaryote symbiosis: evolution, ecology, physiology
  2. Genomics, functional genomics, and population genetics of Bacteria and Archaea
  3. Molecular evolution


  1. Stewart FJ, Baik AHY, Cavanaugh CM. In revision. Genetic subdivision of chemosynthetic endosymbionts of Solemya velum along the southern New England coast.
  2. Stewart FJ, Cavanaugh CM. In press. Pyrosequencing analysis of endosymbiont population structure: co-occurrence of divergent symbiont lineages in a single vesicomyid host clam. Environmental Microbiology.
  3. Stewart FJ, Young CR, Cavanaugh CM. Evidence for homologous recombination in intracellular chemosynthetic clam symbionts. Molecular Biology and Evolution. 26:1391-1404.
  4. Fritsen CH, Memmott JC, Stewart FJ. 2008. Inter-annual sea ice dynamics and micro-algal biomass in winter pack ice: Marguerite Bay, Antarctica. Deep-Sea Research II. 55:2059-2067.
  5. Stewart FJ, Young CR, Cavanaugh CM. 2008. Lateral symbiont acquisition in a maternally transmitted chemosynthetic clam endosymbiosis. Molecular Biology and Evolution. 25:673-687.
  6. Stewart FJ, Cavanaugh CM. 2007. Intragenomic variation and evolution of the internal transcribed spacer of the rRNA operon in Bacteria. Journal of Molecular Evolution. 65:44-67.
  7. Newton ILG, Woyke T, Auchtung TA, Dilly GF, Dutton RJ, Fisher MC, Fontanez KM, Lau E, Stewart FJ, Richardson PM, Barry KW, Detter JC, Wu D, Eisen JA, Cavanaugh CM. 2007. The Calyptogena magnifica chemoautotrophic symbiont genome. Science. 315:998-1000.
  8. Stewart FJ, Cavanaugh CM. 2006. Bacterial endosymbioses in Solemya (Mollusca, Bivalvia): model systems for studies of symbiont-host adaptation. Antoine van Leeuwenhoek. 90:343-360.
  9. Cavanaugh CM, McKiness ZP, Newton ILG, Stewart FJ. 2006. Marine chemosynthetic symbioses. In: Dworkin M, Falkow S, Rosenberg E, Schleifer KH, Stackebrandt E (eds.). The Prokaryotes. Third Edition. A Handbook on the Biology of Bacteria:Symbiotic Associations, Biotechnology, Applied Microbiology. Springer, New York.
  10. Mix LJ, Armstrong JC, Mandell AM, Mosier AC, Raymond J, Raymond SN, Stewart FJ, von Braun K, Zhaxybayeva O (eds.). 2006. The Astrobiology Primer: An outline of general knowledge. Astrobiology. 6(5):735-813.
  11. Stewart FJ, Cavanaugh CM. 2005. Symbiosis of thioautotrophic bacteria with Riftia pachyptila. In: Overmann, J. (ed.). Molecular Basis of Symbiosis. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. p.197-225.
  12. Stewart FJ, Newton ILG, Cavanaugh CM. 2005. Chemosynthetic endosymbioses: adaptations to oxic-anoxic interfaces. Trends in Microbiology. 13(9): 439-448.
  13. Stewart FJ, Fritsen CH, Garrison DL. 2005. Bacteria-algae associations in the sea ice and upper water column of the Ross Sea in late austral summer. Antarctic Journal of the United States. 33: 38-41.
  14. Stewart FJ, Fritsen CH. 2004. Bacteria-algae relationships in Antarctica sea ice. Antarctic Science. 16(2): 143-156.

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