Dahlquist:Hwang Stem Cell Fraud Case Bibliography

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The collection of articles surrounding the Hwang Stem Cell Fraud Case has been removed from the Science magazine website. The page is archived on the Wayback Machine here, but the links are broken. I am copying the resource here to continue to provide the resource with active links.


On December 1, 2006, Science published, on this Web site, the report of a committee commissioned by the journal to review its practices in the period leading up to the publication of the 2004 and 2005 stem cell papers by Hwang et al., which were subsequently retracted. On this page, we are making available direct links to the report, Science's response, and an accompanying editorial.

To provide additional context on the history of the controversy, we also provide on this page links to Science's editorial retraction of the papers and other official statements on the situation, the original Science papers, associated news coverage on the controversy, letters and a Policy Forum on the controversy, and another Policy Forum on stem cell ethics published earlier in 2005. Committee Report and Science Response

In its 1 December issue, Science published an editorial, authored by Editor-in-Chief Don Kennedy, discussing the journal's internal review process in the wake of the Hwang scandal, as well as the review conducted by a committee including members of the journal's Senior Editorial Board, the U.S. executive editor of another major scientific journal, and two distinguished members of the stem cell research community. Links to the editorial and associated report appear below.

Committee Report and Science Response

  • Editorial: Responding to Fraud
  • Supporting Online Material: Committee Report and Science Response
    • Committee Report: John Brauman, John Gearhart, Douglas Melton, Linda Miller, Linda Partridge, George Whitesides
    • Response: Donald Kennedy
    • PDF

Science Editorial Statements

On 12 January 2006, Science editorially retracted the two papers by Hwang et al. Previous to that the journal had also published an official Editorial Expression of Concern on the papers, and it also has issued several formal statements on the current controversy, as well as a chronology.

  • Editorial Retraction of Hwang et al. Papers
  • Editorial Statement, 10 January 2006
    • On 10 January, in the wake of the final report by the Seoul National University investigating committee, Science editor-in-chief Donald Kennedy presented a brief statement of the journal's position and plans with respect to retractions of the two papers by Hwang et al. A video of the statement and an accompanying written version are posted here.
  • Editorial Expression of Concern
  • Formal Science Editorial statement
    • During the early months of the Hwang controversy, Science released periodic statements and chronologies on the evolving situation. The last update of the statement, posted on 12 January 2006 at 6:30 p.m. EST, can be found here (not available).

The Papers

  • Patient-Specific Embryonic Stem Cells Derived from Human SCNT Blastocysts. Woo Suk Hwang, Sung Il Roh, Byeong Chun Lee, Sung Keun Kang, Dae Kee Kwon, Sue Kim, Sun Jong Kim, Sun Woo Park, Hee Sun Kwon, Chang Kyu Lee, Jung Bok Lee, Jin Mee Kim, Curie Ahn, Sun Ha Paek, Sang Sik Chang, Jung Jin Koo, Hyun Soo Yoon, Jung Hye Hwang, Youn Young Hwang, Ye Soo Park, Sun Kyung Oh, Hee Sun Kim, Jong Hyuk Park, Shin Yong Moon, and Gerald Schatten. Science 17 June 2005 308: 1777-1783; published online 19 May 2005 DOI: 10.1126/science.1112286 (in Reports)
  • Evidence of a Pluripotent Human Embryonic Stem Cell Line Derived from a Cloned Blastocyst. Woo Suk Hwang, Young June Ryu, Jong Hyuk Park, Eul Soon Park, Eu Gene Lee, Ja Min Koo, Hyun Yong Jeon, Byeong Chun Lee, Sung Keun Kang, Sun Jong Kim, Curie Ahn, Jung Hye Hwang, Ky Young Park, Jose B. Cibelli, and Shin Yong Moon. Science 12 March 2004 303: 1669-1674; published online 12 February 2004 DOI: 10.1126/science.1094515 (in Reports)
  • Note: Issues related to images published in the 2004 Science paper have raised questions with respect to work published in several other journals. Below we link to editorial statements or retractions from those other journals.
    • Defined Feeder-Free Culture System of Human Embryonic Stem Cells. Seon Hye Cheon , Sun Jong Kim , Jung Youn Jo , Won Jeong Ryu , Kunsoo Rhee , and Sung Il Roh. Biology of Reproduction, published online 19 October 2005. DOI: 10.1095/biolreprod.105.046870
    • Effects of Type IV Collagen and Laminin on the Cryopreservation of Human Embryonic Stem Cells. Sun Jong Kim, Jong Hyuk Park, Jeoung Eun Lee, Jin Mee Kim, Jung Bok Lee, Shin Yong Moon, Sung Il Roh, Chul Geun Kim, Hyun Soo Yoon. Stem Cells 2004, 22: 950-961 DOI: 10.1634/stemcells.22-6-950

News Coverage in Science

  • South Korea Picks Up the Pieces
  • Prosecutors Allege Elaborate Deception and Missing Funds
  • Picking Up the Pieces After Hwang
  • Seoul National University Dismisses Hwang
  • Schatten: Pitt Panel Finds 'Misbehavior' but Not Misconduct
  • Investigations Document Still More Problems for Stem Cell Researchers
  • Hwang Aftereffects Reverberate at Journals
  • South Korean Team's Remaining Human Stem Cell Claim Demolished
    • Dennis Normile, Gretchen Vogel and Jennifer Couzin, with reporting by Sei Chong in Seoul
    • Science 13 January 2006 311:156 DOI: 10.1126/science.311.5758.156 (in News of the Week)
  • How Young Korean Researchers Helped Unearth a Scandal ...
  • ... And How the Problems Eluded Peer Reviewers and Editors
  • Cloning Researcher Says Work Is Flawed but Claims Results Stand
    • Gretchen Vogel, Dennis Normile, and Constance Holden with reporting by Ji-soo Kim, Mark Russell, and Yvette Wohn in Seoul
    • Science 23 December 2005 310: 1886 DOI: 10.1126/science.310.5756.1886 (in News of the Week)
  • Korean University Will Investigate Cloning Paper
    • Dennis Normile and Gretchen Vogel, with reporting by Sei Chong, Ji-soo Kim, and Richard Stone
    • Science 15 December 2005 310: 1748 DOI: 10.1126/science.310.5755.1748 (in News of the Week)
  • Landmark Paper Has an Image Problem
  • Korean Cloner Admits Lying About Oocyte Donations
  • Collaborators Split Over Ethics Allegations

Letters and Policy Forum Articles

  • Lessons of the Stem Cell Scandal
  • Letters: Reactions to the Hwang Scandal
  • Letter: Human Embryonic Stem Cells
    • Ian Wilmut, Michael D. West, Robert Lanza, John D. Gearhart, Austin Smith, Alan Colman, Alan Trounson, and Keith H. Campbell
    • Science 23 December 2005 310:1903; published online 13 December 2005 DOI: 10.1126/science.1123832 (in Letters)
  • Issues in Oocyte Donation for Stem Cell Research
    • David Magnus and Mildred K. Cho
    • Science 17 June 2005 308: 1747-1748; published online 19 May 2005 DOI: 10.1126/science.1114454 (in Policy Forum)