BME100 f2017:Group15 W0800 L5

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Name: Megan Koehler
Name: Cade Montplaisir
Name: John Navas
Name: Samuel Ramirez
Name: Julia Raub


PCR Reaction Report

We started off the lab by getting a strip of 8 empty PCR tubes, which were cut in half. Then the patient DNA replicates for patient 1 and 2 were collected as well as the positive and negative control for the disease marker. The empty PCR tubes were labelled according to what was pipetted into them. Two tubes were filled with either a positive or a negative control set of DNA. Two sets of three tubes were filled with replicate DNA from patient 96971 and patient 97071 with each patient getting their own set of three replicates.  After each tube had DNA in them, the primer and RNA mix was pipetted in, ultimately filling each empty PCR tube with 100μL of DNA, and a PCR/primer mix. THe tubes were then all closed tightly and we placed them into a heating block and left them according to the cycles outlined in the last lab. The materials were either then disposed or cleaned for later use, and the heating blocks were left to run.

Fluorimeter Procedure

Two members of the group used their phone cameras with the settings set accordingly: no flash, ISO to greater than or equal to 800, white balance set to auto, the highest setting of exposure, the saturation to the highest setting, and contrast set to the lowest setting. After setting up the cameras, our group collected a tray of sample tubes with the following contents. The eight tubes marked with red dots were filled with 500μL of buffer. The two tubes labelled with a blue “S” contained 1,000μL of SYBR GREEN 1 solution. The one tube labelled H_2O contained 1,000μL of water at pH 8. The 5 tubes labelled “0.25”, “0.50”, “1”, “2”, “5” were all filled with Calf Thymus DNA, and the numbers stated how many micrograms per liter.

We placed a 160μL drop of water in the middle of the first two rows of slides using a pipettor in such a way that the drop is pinned and looks like a beach ball. Then a blue LED was turned on to function as an excitation light. The camera was placed in a cradle at a right angle from the drop, and a fluorimeter was adjusted so the camera was able to take a sideways photo of the drop. The camera was then adjusted to be as close as possible while still retaining a clear image; this distance was recorded in cm.

A 80μL drop of SYBR GREEN 1 is placed in the middle of the first two rows of the slide using a pipettor. This is then followed by a 80μL drop of the calf thymus. Both the calf thymus and the SYBR GREEN 1 drops should be pinned in the same way as the water drop. The drop is aligned by moving the slide so that the blue LED light is focused by the drop to the middle of the black fiber optic cable fitting on the other side of the drop. The camera should then be set up on a timer so it may take photos after a light box is placed over the cradle and fluorimeter so that no stray light floods the image. The box was lifted after each photo to make sure the photo is clear, with the main goal being to take 3 clear photos. The pipettor was used to move the 160μL drop of water from the surface, and the slides were moved to the next position. The preceding steps were followed for each different concentration of calf thymus used in the lab.

Data Collection and Analysis

BME100WG15 Dot1-1 PCRsetup.jpg
Dot 1-1 (with oval)

BME100WG15 Dot2-1 PCRsetup.jpg
Dot 2-1

BME100WG15 Positive Control PCRsetup.jpg
Dot Positive Control

BME100WG15 Dot C-1 PCRsetup.jpg
Dot C-1

BME100WG15 Dot C-3 PCRsetup.jpg
Dot C-3

BME100WG15 Dot C-5 PCRsetup.jpg
Dot C-5

BME100WG15 Dot Plot 1 Calibration Curves PCRsetup.jpg
Dot Plot 1: Calibration Curves

BME100WG15 Dot Plot 2 Calibration Curves PCRsetup.jpg
Dot Plot 2: Calibration Curves

Calibration Data Table

Initial Concentration of 2X Calf Thymus DNA solution (micrograms/mL) Final DNA concentration in SYBR Green I solution (µg/mL) Sample Number RAWINTDEN DROP - BACKGROUND MEAN Standard Deviation
Image 1 | Image 2 | Image 3
5 2.5 C-1 12355573 | 12326883 | 12366779 12349745 20576.61031
2 1 C-2 11413946 | 11416517 | 11354873 11395112 34871.69842
1 0.5 C-3 9946492 | 10501999 | 10517632 10322041 325328.8893
0.5 0.25 C-4 7588256 | 7584707 | 7592895 7588619.333 4106.074078
0.25 0.125 C-5 5643155 | 5758315 | 5800251 5733907 81342.49291
0 0 C-6 651338 | 529370 | 789422 656710 130109.2021

PCR Data Table

PCR Product TUBE LABEL MEAN (of RAWINTDEN DROP - BACKGROUND) PCR Product Concentration (µg /mL) (Step 5 calculation) Total Dilution Initial PCR Product Concentration (µg /mL) (Step 6 calculation)
G15-8-P 35173395.67 6.234679134 12 74.81614961
G15-8-N 5306880 0.261376 12 3.136512
G15-8-1-1 19531671 3.1063342 12 37.2760104
G15-8-1-2 20530541.67 3.306108334 12 39.67330001
G15-8-1-3 28041479 4.8082958 12 57.6995496
G15-8-2-1 2638791.33 -0.272241734 12 -3.266900808
G15-8-2-2 5795381.67 0.359076334 12 4.308916008
G15-8-2-3 5853246.67 0.370649334 12 4.447792008

Our Positive control PCR result was 6.234679134 (μg/mL)
Our Negative control PCR result was 0.261376 (μg/mL)

Patient 96971:  The three samples of patient 96971 exhibited a strong and very similar fluorescence.  The glow seemed to be a variation between the 5 μg/mL and 2.5 μg/mL calibrated samples. 1-1 had a measured concentration 3.1063342 μg/mL.  1-2 had a slightly higher measured concentration of 3.306108 μg/mL.  Finally, 1-3 had the highest measured concentration of 4.8082958 μg/mL.  1-1 had an initial product concentration of 37.276 μg/mL.  1-2 had an initial product concentration of 39.673 μg/mL.  1-3 had an initial product concentration of 57.6995 μg/mL and lies closest to the positive control initial concentration of 74.816 μg/mL.  The other two seem to lie between the positive and negative (3.317μg/mL) initial concentrations. Patient 96971’s average PCR product concentration, after calculating the concentration, was determined to be closest to the positive sample. The samples’ concentration was measured as 3.1063342 μg/mL, 3.306108 μg/mL, and 4.8082958 μg/mL. All of the samples radiated with the same degree of fluorescence brightness, making the results accurate. The results being this accurate means that the patient is positive for the SNP.

Patient 97071: All three samples of patient 97071 did not exhibit strong fluorescence, in fact, they displayed somewhere between 0 μg/mL and 0.25 μg/mL . 2-2 and 2-3 exhibited the slightest of fluorescence while 2-1 displayed no fluorescence at all. The 2-1 had a concentration of -0.272241μg/mL, the lowest concentration observed out of all the samples. The 2-2 had a concentration of .359076 μg/mL with 2-3 having a concentration of .370649 μg/mL. 2-1 had an initial concentration of -3.2669 μg/mL which is much closer to the negative initial concentration of 3.136512 μg/mL than the positive initial on 39.673 μg/mL. 2-2 and 2-3 followed the same pattern with initial concentrations of 4.3089 μg/mL and 4.44779 μg/mL respectively, both lying very close to the negative concentration. Patient 97071’s average PCR product concentration, after calculating the concentration, was determined to be closest to the negative sample. The samples’ concentration was measured as -0.272241μg/mL, .359076 μg/mL, and .370649 μg/mL. These fall in the range to be considered negative for the SNP and the fact that the fluorescence brightness was dimmer than the positive sample and matched more towards the negative.