BME100 f2015:Group13 8amL5

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Name: Derek Scott
Name: Parker Storry
Name: Alexander Dasilva
Name: Luis Morales
Name: Shivanshi Shukla
Name: Ksenia Poujlivaia


PCR Reaction Report

The PCR reaction was a success. After collecting the PCR tubes, micropipetter, pipette tips, DNA samples, and enzyme mix, the PCR tubes were cut so that our team had 2 sets of 4 PCR tubes attached to one another. Then, the sides of the PCR tubes were labeled according to the following table.

Tube Label PCR Reaction Sample Patient ID
G13 + Positive control none
G13 - Negative control none
G13 1-1 Patient 1, replicate 1 24231
G13 1-2 Patient 1, replicate 2 24231
G13 1-3 Patient 1, replicate 3 24231
G13 2-1 Patient 2, replicate 1 48862
G13 2-2 Patient 2, replicate 2 48862
G13 2-3 Patient 2, replicate 3 48862

Having studied the pre-lab reading and completed the online tutorial regarding the use of a micropipetter, our team was quick and efficient at using the micropipetter for the PCR reaction. Each member understood the process of: Put on new pipette tip, depress plunger to stop 1, allow tip of pipette to submerge in the liquid, slowly allow plunger to return to the top, after 1 second delay remove the tip from the liquid, transfer tip into receptor, depress plunger to the second stop, hold, withdraw from solution, release plunger slowly, and eject tip into biological waste receptacle.

After transferring the DNA samples, positive and negative controls, and DNA/Primer mix into the assigned PCR tubes, the level of the liquid was observed. Upon visual inspection, most PCR tubes contained an equal amount of liquid. There was no excess liquid left in the tubes that the DNA samples came in, but there did appear to be a small amount of liquid left in the DNA/Primer mix tube.

Fluorimeter Procedure

Smart Phone Camera Settings

  • Type of Smartphone: LG G3
    • Flash: OFF
    • ISO setting: N/A
    • White Balance: N/A
    • Exposure: High
    • Saturation: N/A
    • Contrast: N/A

Camera set-up
The camera was propped so that the camera was upright in the cradle. Due to the high position of the camera due to the upright posture, the fluorimeter had to be elevated. A plastic tray was placed under the fluorimeter, making it even with the camera lens.

  • Distance between the smart phone cradle and drop = 12 cm

Placing Samples onto the Fluorimeter

  1. The dark room flap was opened to give access to the fluorimeter.
  2. A new glass slide was placed in the fluorimeter with the rough hydrophobic side facing up.
  3. A new tip was affixed to the micropipetter, the plunger was depressed to the first stop and placed in the SYBR Green vial.
  4. Releasing the plunger allowed a precise measured amount of SYBR Green to enter the micropipette tip.
  5. The tip of the micropipetter was then moved to the glass slide in the fluorimeter, and the plunger was depressed slowly to the second stop, forming an drop on the slide.
  6. The micropipette tip was ejected into the bio-waste receptacle. Then, a new tip was affixed, and a precise measured amount of the DNA sample was taken up.
  7. The tip was placed in the SYBR Green drop formed on the glass slide, and the plunger was depressed to the second stop to allow the entire amount of DNA sample to coalesce with the SYBR Green drop.
  8. The micropipette tip was ejected into the bio-waste container, and the slide was moved so that the beam of light passed straight from where it entered the drop to the other side of the fluorimeter.
  9. The photo timer was primed, the dark room flask was closed, and a photo of the sample placed in the fluorimeter was taken.

Data Collection and Analysis

Images of High, Low, and Zero Calf Thymus DNA
High Calf Thymus DNA Drop Low Calf Thymus DNA Drop Zero Calf Thymus DNA Drop

Calibrator Mean Values

Final DNA concentration in SYBR Green I solution (µg/mL) Sample Number RAWINTDEN DROP - BACKGROUND
Image 1
Image 2
Image 3
MEAN Standard Deviation
2.5 C-1 6092134 6054405 6151400 6099313 48894.38656
1 C-2 6875830 7466432 6832833 7058365 354049.704
0.5 C-3 4897497 4837542 4395106 4710048.333 274390.5164
0.25 C-4 3198212 3623533 2505954 3109233 564077.7004
0.125 C-5 683067 638664 1102683 808138 256047.797
0 C-6 665773 768651 601372 678598.6667 84373.80668

Calibration curves
Calibration Curve 1 Calibration Curve 2

Images of Our PCR Negative and Positive Controls

PCR Negative Control PCR Positive Control

PCR Results: PCR concentrations solved

PCR Product Concentration
(µg /mL) (Step 5 Calculation)
Total Dilution Initial PCR Product Concentration
(µg /mL) (Step 6 Calculation)
G13 + 8906085.33 2.708750443 12 32.50500532
G13 - 5012487 1.410884333 12 16.930612
G13 1-1 26959459.3 8.726541767 12 104.7185012
G13 1-2 2569454.33 0.59654011 12 7.15848132
G13 1-3
G13 2-1
G13 2-2 1176492.67 0.132219557 12 1.58663468
G13 2-3 1230792.67 0.150319557 12 1.80383468

PCR Results: Summary

  • Our positive control PCR result was 32.505 μg/mL
  • Our negative control PCR result was 16.930 μg/mL

Observed results

  • Patient 24231 : The images were of varying intensity of SYBR Green. In the first, it was very concentrated, and the second was less so Quantitatively, the first sample's concentration was 104.72 μg/mL, the second contained 7.16 μg/mL, and due to problems with using a cell phone, the third image was lost.
  • Patient 48862 : This patient was negative because there weren't any visible signs of the green light. The concentration of the first sample was lost due to an error in using a cell phone, the second sample's concentration was 1.59 μg/mL, the third sample's concentration was 1.80 μg/mL.
  • Errors in the observed result could be due to any of the following factors: inability to fine-tune the photographic setting of the cell phone, the inability of the cell phone to focus on the liquid drop, inability to level the drop of water with the level of the cell phone camera, improper usage of imageJ software, or varying distances used to take an adequate image within the fluroimeter.


  • Patient 24231 : Inconclusive. The first and second result are of such differing magnitude that there was an error in measurement, or at some step in the process. In addition, the third photo was lost and results were unobtainable. As a result of these two factors, it is inconclusive if the patient was positive or negative. Though, the values obtained are larger than the concentration of the positive control and lend air to this patient being positive for the disease SNP.
  • Patient 48862 : Negative. The two results obtained are close in magnitude. Even having lost the third image, it is likely a conclusion can be drawn from the two samples obtained. As the two values are closer to the negative control than the positive control, it is likely this patient is negative for the disease SNP.