Difference between revisions of "LaTeX"

From OpenWetWare
Jump to: navigation, search
(Why use LaTeX?: rework p3)
m (Why use LaTeX?)
Line 14: Line 14:
* There's '''lots of free online information and help''' about how to do stuff in LaTeX.
* There's '''lots of free online information and help''' about how to do stuff in LaTeX.
See also '''[[Word vs. LaTeX]]''' for a comparison of the two typesetting programmes in life science.
==Why not use LaTeX?==
==Why not use LaTeX?==

Revision as of 07:07, 10 September 2007

logo of the popular, free typesetting system LaTeX

Why use LaTeX?

  • On average LaTeX generated documents have a better layout than those made with word processors like Microsoft Word (e.g. ligatures, variable space, orphan lines, figure placement,..). See this typography comparison for details.
  • LaTeX's automatic typesetting routines save you time especially in the last stages of document preparation (cross-references, citations, figure and text placement). For example, there is a clever little routine that thinks about the best possible placement for all your figures in relation to the text.
  • It makes reuse of figures, tables and equations across papers, presentations and posters very easy. For some, this is the main motivation of using LaTeX. .eps files scale well so you can just include the same figure in papers and posters and you don't have to (usually) worry about bizarre scaling effects. Equations are even nicer.
  • LaTeX is free. Apart from saving you money this has the obvious advantage that you will not be locked into using a type of software. LaTeX offers many import and export features to interface with other pieces of software.
  • An addition to LaTeX called BibTeX makes referencing very easy. Again, BibTeX is free unlike Endnote which is a common software package for use with Microsoft Office. The BibTeX database software for OS X, BibDesk, is superior to Endnote in many ways. Also, there's an online tool for creating a BibTeX entry from a PubMed search query.
  • There's lots of free online information and help about how to do stuff in LaTeX.

See also Word vs. LaTeX for a comparison of the two typesetting programmes in life science.

Why not use LaTeX?

  1. There is a large learning curve associated with the language.
  2. It is not WYSIWYG.
    • I've never used it but Lyx claims to be a WYSIWYG editor for LaTeX --Jgritton 13:13, 11 Aug 2005 (EDT)
    • preview-latex and AUCTeX for Emacs is excellent for looking at your figures inside Emacs (pretty much WYSIWYG).
  3. Often in writing scientific literature, whether an internal report or thesis proposal to publishing a paper, you will be working with people that don't use LaTex. This is the primary disadvantage.

LaTeX on OpenWetWare

A formal disadvantage was that collaboration and editing tools among multiple users was lacking. But now there are tools on OWW to connect wiki technology with LaTeX. Both WikiTex and LatexDoc are installed on OWW. WikiTex allows embedding parts of TeX formatting like diagrams and things into wiki pages. LatexDoc allows collaborating on entire LaTeX documents on the wiki.

more documentation needed here

Some LaTeX related files:

  • Bibtex: collection of bibtex style files

Martin Jambon is working on an extension to convert bibtex entries into a format compatible with the biblio extension. You can try it here.

Austin Che wrote an extension to allow collaborative writing of latex docs on OpenWetWare.

LaTeX software

TeXShop is a nice frontend for using LaTeX on MacOSX. Read through the site carefully for instructions on how to install both TeXShop and TeXLive-teTeX (the backend).

BibDesk is a nice frontend for managing your library of references (ie your BibTeX library). It even autofiles your library of PDFs which makes maintaining and searching your collection of papers much easier than before.

Beamer is a LaTeX class that allows you to create a beamer presentation. It can also be used to create slides. It behaves similarly to other packages like Prosper, but has the advantage that it works together directly with pdflatex, but also with dvips.

Useful links

LaTeX main project sites and repositories:

Writing with LaTeX from OpenWetWare:

Making Posters with LaTeX:

  • Here is a link with a source file for making posters in LaTeX. The cls file can be modified to alter the style of the poster.

Creating Talks/Presentations with LaTeX:

  • Here is a link with general information about LaTeX presentations.
  • PPower4 is software that permits you to add powerpoint-like slide transitions to LaTeX presentations. It generally requires that you use Adobe Acrobat reader to view your presentation with effects.