6.021/Notes/2006-11-27

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Ion channels

  • Gate model
    • α: rate of opening
    • β: rate of closing
  • Theory of absolute reaction rates (Arrhenius)
    • potential energy of open (Failed to parse (MathML with SVG or PNG fallback (recommended for modern browsers and accessibility tools): Invalid response ("Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.") from server "https://api.formulasearchengine.com/v1/":): {\displaystyle E_O} ), closed (Failed to parse (MathML with SVG or PNG fallback (recommended for modern browsers and accessibility tools): Invalid response ("Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.") from server "https://api.formulasearchengine.com/v1/":): {\displaystyle E_C} ), and intermediate barrier state (Failed to parse (MathML with SVG or PNG fallback (recommended for modern browsers and accessibility tools): Invalid response ("Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.") from server "https://api.formulasearchengine.com/v1/":): {\displaystyle E_B} )
    • Failed to parse (MathML with SVG or PNG fallback (recommended for modern browsers and accessibility tools): Invalid response ("Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.") from server "https://api.formulasearchengine.com/v1/":): {\displaystyle \alpha=Ae^{(E_C-E_B)/kT}}
    • Failed to parse (MathML with SVG or PNG fallback (recommended for modern browsers and accessibility tools): Invalid response ("Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.") from server "https://api.formulasearchengine.com/v1/":): {\displaystyle \beta=Ae^{(E_O-E_B)/kT}}
  • If gate has some charge, the potential energy can be function membrane potential
    • If assume simple voltage dependence, get similar looking rates as parameters in Hodgkin-Huxley model
    • As gate moves, its charge moves, so have extra gating current
    • Failed to parse (MathML with SVG or PNG fallback (recommended for modern browsers and accessibility tools): Invalid response ("Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.") from server "https://api.formulasearchengine.com/v1/":): {\displaystyle q_g} : gating charge
    • Failed to parse (MathML with SVG or PNG fallback (recommended for modern browsers and accessibility tools): Invalid response ("Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.") from server "https://api.formulasearchengine.com/v1/":): {\displaystyle i_g = \frac{d}{dt}q_g}
    • Failed to parse (MathML with SVG or PNG fallback (recommended for modern browsers and accessibility tools): Invalid response ("Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.") from server "https://api.formulasearchengine.com/v1/":): {\displaystyle \tilde{i}_g = \frac{d}{dt}\tilde{q}_g}
    • Failed to parse (MathML with SVG or PNG fallback (recommended for modern browsers and accessibility tools): Invalid response ("Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.") from server "https://api.formulasearchengine.com/v1/":): {\displaystyle \tilde{q}_g} is 0 or Q
    • Failed to parse (MathML with SVG or PNG fallback (recommended for modern browsers and accessibility tools): Invalid response ("Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.") from server "https://api.formulasearchengine.com/v1/":): {\displaystyle \tilde{i}_g} is impulses of amplitude Q up and down
    • At steady state, average of Failed to parse (MathML with SVG or PNG fallback (recommended for modern browsers and accessibility tools): Invalid response ("Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.") from server "https://api.formulasearchengine.com/v1/":): {\displaystyle \tilde{i}_g = 0}
    • Failed to parse (MathML with SVG or PNG fallback (recommended for modern browsers and accessibility tools): Invalid response ("Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.") from server "https://api.formulasearchengine.com/v1/":): {\displaystyle q_g = Qx}
    • Failed to parse (MathML with SVG or PNG fallback (recommended for modern browsers and accessibility tools): Invalid response ("Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.") from server "https://api.formulasearchengine.com/v1/":): {\displaystyle i_g = E[\tilde{i}_g] = E[\frac{d}{dt}\tilde{q}_g] = \frac{d}{dt}E[\tilde{q}_g] = \frac{d}{dt}Qx = Q\frac{dx}{dt}}
    • To measure gating current, disable the ion channel (ionic current)
      • Have to separate out capacitance current which is much larger
      • Gating current is non-linear while capacitance current is linear so can sum response to equal step up and step down to cancel out capacitive current and leave gating current