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Introduction The usage of three-dimensional (3D) cell culture in microfluidic devices was first published in 2009 in a collaborative study from MIT. It had already been established that 3D cell cultures were considerably better than 2D cell cultures due to their inclusion of the extracellular matrix (ECM) and other growth factors. Upon this initial study, it was found that the formation of these 3D spheroids showed more accurate growth pattern and treatment results compared to their 2D counterpart. However, a different set of considerations must occur for 3D cell culture.