===Refined version==

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  • To obtain an optimum counting time for the GFP fluorescence.
    • Optimum counting time: Avoid photobleaching, Minimize variability between readings

(A test to see what is the optimum counting time to have during our experiments. The counting time is the time the fluorometer detector stays on top of each well. A small window time will only account for very discrete levels of fluorescence. These might include sudden spikes of radiation since fluorescence is not a uniform process. Hence we will get variation between samples of equal expression rates. A larger counting time results in a larger window size and hence a more average reading is taken from each sample smoothing out the variation due to the randomness of fluorescence emition.
Care must be taken however because larger counting times will lead to faster fluorescence bleaching. A comprimise between the two must be found.)

Day 1


  • 7ml sterile tubes x4
  • 1.5ml Eppendorf tube x1
  • Room temperature 25oC
  • Gilson Pipettes


  • E.coli BL21; culture containing part :pTet-GFP
  • LB medium
  • Ampicillin stock (50 mg/ml)
  • GFP Standard Solution

Innoculation of Media

  1. Inoculate 10ul of transformed E.coli cells in individual 2ml LB medium containing 2ul of ampicillin
  2. Incubate at 37°C for overnight in a shaker. (This is to get a good stock of cells for use in the experiment. After the overnight culture the cells will be in stationary phase)

Day 2


  • Well-plate x1
  • Fluorometer
  • Gilson pipettes 1000 and 200
  • Eppendorf tubes


  • ddH2O
  • GFP standard solution

Preparation of diluted GFP standard solution

  1. Add 995ul of ultra pure water an eppendorf tube, together with 5ul of undiluted GFP standard solution and mix. (This gives a 200x dilution to be used as a positive control)
  2. Place the tube on ice till it is ready to be used.

Loading Plate

  1. Transfer 200 µl aliquots of each of the cultures to a flat-bottomed 96 well plate. (Follow the schematic as shown)
  2. Three wells to be filled with 200µl of media to measure the absorbance background.
  3. Standard GFP solution added as a positive control.
  4. Set counting times for each well according to schematic.
  5. Will the controls will be tested each time at each counting time ?
  6. Remove lid and measure in the flourometer for 1 hour at 5 minute intervals.
(Fluorescence measurements - 488 nm excitation filter, 525 nm emission filter, vriable counting time, CW lamp energy 5000 units)


Well Test Construct Stock Volume (ul) Counting time
A1 - A4 pTet-GFP 200 0.15
B1 - B4 pTet-GFP 200 0.30
C1 - C4 pTet-GFP 200 0.45
D1 - D4 pTet-GFP 200 0.6
E1 - E4 pTet-GFP 200 0.75
F1 - F4 pTet-GFP 200 0.90
G1 - G4 pTet-GFP 200 1.05
A9 - A11 LB-Amp Media 200 Variable
H1 - H3 Diluted GFP solution 200 Variable

In vivo Testing 96 well plate