User:Kamrul Islam

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Kamrul Islam

Kamrul Islam

Graduate Research and Teaching Assistant
Department of Mechanical Engineering
University of Alberta
Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
kamrul1(AT)ualberta(DOT)ca

Education

Honors and Awards

  • Canadian Orthopaedic Research Society (CORS) Founders' Medal- 2014 (for the best basic science research at the Canadian Orthopaedic Association (COA) and Canadian Orthopaedic Research Society (CORS) Annual meeting held at Montreal, Canada on June 18-21, 2014 for Talus Bone Geometry Paper)
  • University Merit Scholarship, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology(2005-2009)
  • Dean’s Award, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (2007-2009) (Top 5% out of 185)
  • 2nd Place winner of The Inter University Civil Engineering based software contest, BUET (2009)

Research

I am an RA (since Oct'2012) in the Department of Surgery at University of Alberta where I am currently working with Dr. Nadr Jomha. I did an MSc in Structural Engineering at University of Alberta where I worked with Dr. Samer M. Adeeb. My research is in Computational Bio-mechanics and Biomedical Engineering using the concept of mechanics, mathematics and medical science.

The goals of my current research work are two-fold:

(i) To apply the engineering techniques to biological systems to create and analyse numerical models of musculoskeletal systems;

(ii)To develop non-invasive techniques for medical treatment to detect deviations from the norm to make a valuable contribution to the society.

Research Overview

Knee Biomechanics (Modelling of Diarthrodial Joints)

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Accessory articular fibrocartilages are typically peripheral structures which are most conspicuous in the knee, shoulder, and hip joints. The peripheral structures help to maintain the stability and health of their respective joints. In the knee joint, the menisci decrease the pore pressures and the pressure gradients in the cartilage layers.It is well known that the probability of osteoarthritis (OA) developing in the knee is very high if the menisci are damaged or removed. Current clinical practice, therefore, is to repair damaged menisci and avoid their complete removal to prevent such OA. Therefore, there is a tremendous need to understand how they function normally and how best to repair those if they are damaged in order to restore function and prevent development of disease. Over the past year, I have been working on a project which is an extension of Dr. Samer Adeeb’s original PhD work in 2004. The original work indicated that the major diarthrodial joints in the human body possess a mode of contact different from what had, at that time, been agreed upon in the literature. I am extending this research by performing complex numerical models to quantify the extent of the initial gap between the surfaces required to ensure a uniform distribution of stresses in the joints. We are trying to find a relationship between joint spacing and contact pressures which will relate to the initiation of Osteoarthritis in a generic Knee model of particular interest in the region of maximum contact pressure which could lead to meniscal failure.

Poster Presentation:

Kamrul islam and Samer Adeeb (2011), “Osteoarthritis in Diarthrodial Joints”, Canadian Society for Civil Engineering (CSCE) Annual Poster Competition, March 2011, Edmonton, Canada.


Foot Biomechanics (Geometric Modelling of Implants for Ankle Joints)

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The restoration of proper ankle joint function through surgery is an unresolved challenge due to the lack of refinement of implant design for whole talar replacements. Proper joint kinematics not only depends on the load-carrying capacities of implants,but also on restoring the proper three dimensional shape (i.e., complex articulating surfaces). Therefore, better understandings of ankle anatomy and morphology are integral to successful talus bone replacement using an implant.We are trying to develop a robust computer-based methodology by which to design an implant of the ankle joint for talus bone replacement using high resolution CT imaging. To our best knowledge this stands as the first attempt to develop a process to design a talar body implant which might be applicable for all patients.

Publication:

Kamrul Islam, Ashlee Dobbe, Samer Adeeb, Marwan El-Rich, Kajsa Duke, Nadr Jomha (2012), “Computer Methods for Designing Artificial Talus Bone in Ankle Joint”, Proceedings of the 36th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics (ASB2012), August 15-18, 2012, Florida, USA.


Lower Limb Biomechanics

  • Investigation of Symptomatic Patellofemoral Joints:
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Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is one of the most common knee disorders, an ailment which affects more than 25% of the population. Abnormal stresses are often cited as a prime cause of different instabilities in the patellofemoral (PF) joint including PFPS. It affects people who are active or participating in sports. Nevertheless, exact reasons of PFPS are still unknown. Researchers have used different experimental and numerical techniques to assess PFPS. However, none of those techniques have been established as a gold standard to assess PFPS accurately. Therefore we are using a new geometric measurement technique to investigate the healthy and symptomatic PF joints. We implemented a computational modelling approach using 3-D registration technique and linear mapping to investigate the PF joint contact stress in terms of depth of penetration (PD) of patellar cartilage surface into the femur cartilage surface; as PD is the indirect measure of stress. As with our other research, we hope to quantify the penetration depth of the PF joint in both healthy and pathological patients to explain potential causes of PFP syndrome and to assess affected subjects. To the best of our knowledge, this constitutes the first attempt in computational biomechanics to quantify stress in terms of penetration depth.

Publication:

Kamrul Islam, Samer Adeeb, Marwan El-Rich, and Janet Ronsky (2011), “On Estimating Penetration Depth of the Patellofemoral Joint”, Proceedings of the 12th Alberta Biomedical Engineering Conference, October 22-24, 2011, The Banff Centre, Banff, Canada.


  • Three Dimensional Dynamic Behavior of Patellofemoral joint:
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Lower extremity injuries are a frequent outcome of automobile accidents. These injuries can be a cause of permanent disability and impairment. Under frontal impact the Patellofemoral (PF) joint can be injured with the dislocation of the patella, or initiation of osteochondral fracture in the bone. Fracture can occur due to sudden increase in the stresses in the bone surfaces. Magnitude of stress depends on duration as well as magnitude of the impact force. In this study we developed a three-dimensional finite-element (FE) model of the PF joint to investigate the load rate effect on the contact pressure between the patella and femur cartilage surfaces, and the stresses in the cartilage and bone interface under frontal impact loading condition.

Publication:

Tanvir Mustafy, Marwan El-Rich, Kamrul Islam, Samer Adeeb (2012), “Finite Element Analysis of the Patellofemoral Joint Behavior under Frontal Impact”, Proceedings of the ASME-2012 Summer Bioengineering Conference, June 20-23, 2012, Fajardo, Puerto Rico, USA.


Wrist Biomechanics (Congruency Effect in the Wrist Joint)

Most of the research using MRI scanners has been conducted in larger joints of human body (e.g. patellofemoral, knee, shoulder and hip cartilage). Unlike those joints, wrist joint is not a load bearing joint. The anatomical structure of the wrist joint is very complex, and structures involved are rather small. The articular cartilage in the wrist joint is thinner compared to the knee, hip and patellofemoral cartilage. Moreover articulating surfaces of the wrist joint are curved and complex. Therefore, proper diagnosis of wrist cartilage injury depends on using the proper MR imaging method with a spatial resolution. Accessory articular fibrocartilages are the peripheral structures for knee, shoulder and hip joints. This similar type of structures are also present in the wrist which is called meniscus-homologue. Wrist joint is extremely complex, probably the most complex of all the joints in the human body. In this project we will develop exact 3D models of the wrist joint using Magnetic Resonance Imaging scans. The software MIMICS will be used to convert the MRI scans into three dimensional models that can be incorporated in FEA. These FE modeling will be used to quantify the contact mode across surfaces of the wrist joint. The FEA models will be used to calculate the contact pressures, stresses as a function of the joint spacing in the wrist joints. Finally we will propose guidelines and recommendations for wrist joint treatments. The final phase of this particular research will be done collaborating with Dr. Joseph Bergman at the University of Alberta Hospital.

Research Interests

  • Computational Solid Mechanics
  • Orthopaedic Biomechanics
  • Topology Optimization of Musculo-skeletal Systems
  • Shape and Morphology of Structures
  • Analysis of Biological Growth
  • Seismic Vulnerability Assessment of Civil Engineering Infrastructure
  • Seismic Rehabilitation
  • Application of Smart/Innovative Non-liner Metallic Materials in Civil Engineering Structures
  • Static and Dynamic Stability of Load-bearing Members/Joints

Academic Experience

Research

  • Research Assistant (Jan.2013- Date)
    • Department of Mechanical Engineering
    • University of Alberta
    • Advisor:Prof. Kajsa Duke

Collaborations

  • Dr. Shahria Alam, University of British Columbia (UBC)
  • Dr. Raquibul Hossain, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET)
  • Dr. Tahmeed M. Al-Hussaini, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET)
  • Dr. Janet L. Ronsky, University of Calgary
  • Dr. Marwan El-Rich, University of Alberta
  • Dr. Nadr Jomha, University of Alberta Hospital
  • Dr. Suki Dhillon, University of Alberta Hospital
  • Dr. Jacob Jaremko, University of Alberta Hospital

Teaching

  • M.Sc. Student Supervisor (In-Program):
    • Fatema Tuz Johora (August'2014-December'2015), "Seismic Performance Assessment of Soft Story Mid-Rise Reinforced Concrete Buildings equipped with Yielding Shear Panel Device (YSPD)", M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Civil Engineering, Military Institute of Science and Technology.
    • A.K.M. Golam Murtuz (August'2014-December'2015), "Vulnerability Assessment of Garment Manufacturing Buildings in Bangladesh under Earthquake Hazards", M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Civil Engineering, Military Institute of Science and Technology.
  • Undergraduate Student Supervisor (In-Program):
    • Syeda Nusrat Sharmin (January-December, 2014), “Numerical Analysis of High Strength Steel Pipes to Investigate Inelastic Buckling under Cyclic Bending and Steady Internal Pressure”, B.Sc. Project, Department of Civil Engineering, Military Institute of Science and Technology.
    • Sabiha Sharmin (January-December, 2014), "Finite Element Analysis on the Upheaval and Local Bucking Behaviour of HSS Pipelines under the Combined Effect of Internal Pressure, Bending Moment and Axial Compression", B.Sc. Project, Department of Civil Engineering, Military Institute of Science and Technology.
  • Mentoring Experience:
    • Robert Butz (May-August, 2013), Undergraduate summer research assistant,Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Alberta.
    • Mason Kim (May-August, 2013), 4th year Undergraduate summer student,Mechanical Engineering, University of Alberta.
    • Shannon Hill (May-August, 2013), 2nd year Undergraduate summer student,Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Alberta.
    • Robert Butz (Jan.-April,2013), "Computer Methods to Design Artificial Talus Bones", B.Sc. Project, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Alberta.
    • Johan Portocario (Jan.-April, 2012), “On Computing Geometric Variation in PF Joint: Healthy versus Symptomatic Joint”, M.Engg. Thesis, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Alberta.
    • Walied Hajar (Jan.-April, 2012), "The Design of a Talus Implant", B.Sc. Project, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Alberta.
    • Jesse Anderson (September'2011-July'2012), “Biomechanics of Patellofemoral Joint”, Orthopedic Surgery Resident, Orthopedic Surgery Department, University of Alberta Hospital.
    • Gabriella Peter (WISEST Summer Student-2012)
    • Sara Jawdat (WISEST Summer Student-2012)


  • Teaching Experience:
  • Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Military Institute of Science & Technology, Jan 2014- Date
    • CE 311 : Structural Analysis and Design-I (Winter Semester)
    • CE 315 : Design of Concrete Structures I (Winter Semester)
    • CE 317 : Design of Concrete Structures II (Fall Semester)
    • CE 319 : Design of Steel Structures (Fall Semester)
    • CE 411 : Structural Analysis and Design-III (Winter Semester)
    • CE 316 : Concrete Structures Sessional (Fall Semester)
  • Teaching Assistant, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Alberta, Jan 2013- Dec 2013
    • EnPh 131 : Engineering Physics (Winter Semester)
    • MecE 380 : Advanced Strength of Materials-I (Fall Semester)
  • Teaching Assistant, Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, University of Alberta, 2010- 2012
    • CivE 398 : Introduction to Continuum Mechanics (Fall Semester)
    • Engg 130 : Engineering Mechanics (Fall Semester)
  • Lecturer, Department of Civil Engineering, Military Institute of Science & Technology, Jan 2010- Aug 2010
    • CE 201 : Engineering Materials
    • CE 315 : Design of Concrete Structures I
    • CE 317 : Design of Concrete Structures II
    • CE 212 : Structural Mechanics and Material Sessional
    • CE 312 : Structural Analysis and Design Sessional I
    • CE 316 : Concrete Structures Sessional
    • CE 412 : Structural Analysis and Design Sessional II
    • CE 416 : Structural Analysis and Design Sessional III

Publications

Biomechanics

2014:

  • Islam, K., Dobbe, A., Komeili, A., Duke, K., Dhillon, S.,El-Rich, M., Adeeb, S., Jomha, N.M. (2014), “Symmetry Analysis of Talus Bone- Geometric Morphometric Approach”, Journal of Bone and Joint Research (Br.) (in press).
  • Islam, K., Dobbe, A., Duke, K., El-Rich, M., Dhillon, S., Adeeb, S., Jomha, N.M. (2014), “Three-Dimensional Geometric Analysis of the Talus for designing Talar Prosthetics”, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine (in press).
  • Islam, K., Dobbe, A., Duke, K., Dhillon, S.,El-Rich, M., Adeeb, S., Jomha, N.M. (2014), “Three-Dimensional Geometric Analysis of the Talus for designing Talar Prosthetics”,Proceedings of the 2014 American Orthopaedic Association and Canadian Orthopaedic Association(AOA/COA) and Canadian Orthopaedic Research Society (CORS) Annual Meeting, June 18-21, 2014, Montreal, Canada[CORS Founders' Medal-2014 for best basic science research].
  • Islam, K., Dobbe, A., Komeili, A., Duke, K., Dhillon, S.,El-Rich, M., Adeeb, S., Jomha, N.M. (2014), “Symmetry Analysis of Talus Bone”, Proceedings of the 2014 American Orthopaedic Association and Canadian Orthopaedic Association(AOA/COA) and Canadian Orthopaedic Research Society (CORS) Annual Meeting, June 18-21, 2014, Montreal, Canada.
  • Islam, K., Dobbe, A., Komeili, A., Duke, K., Dhillon, S.,El-Rich, M., Adeeb, S., Jomha, N.M. (2014), “Symmetry Analysis of Talus Bone”,Proceedings of the 60th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society (ORS), March 15-18, 2014, New Orleans,USA.


2013:

  • Islam, K., Dobbe, A., Duke, K., Dhillon, S.,El-Rich, M., Adeeb, S., Jomha, N.M. (2013), "Development of Non-custom Generic Talus Implants", Spotlight on Research, Alberta Ballroom – Northlands Expo Centre, October 23, 2013, Edmonton, AB, Canada.
  • Islam, K., Duke, K., Mustafy, T., Adeeb, S.M., Ronsky, J.L., El-Rich, M. (2013), “A Geometric Approach to Study the Contact Mechanisms in the PatelloFemoral Joint of Normal versus PatelloFemoral Pain Syndrome Subjects”, Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, (in press).


2012:

  • Islam, K., Dobbe, A., Hajar, W., Duke, K., El-Rich, M., Adeeb, S., Jomha, N.M. (2012), “A Methodology for Designing Talar Prosthetics Based on Geometric Analysis”,Proceedings of the 13th Alberta BME Conference, October 19-21, 2012, The Banff Centre, Banff, Canada.
  • Islam, K., Dobbe, A., Adeeb, S.M., El-Rich, M., Duke, K., Jomha, N.M. (2012), “Computer Methods for Designing Artificial Talus Bone in Ankle Joint”, Proceedings of the 36th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics (ASB2012), August 15-18, 2012, Florida, USA.
  • Islam, K., Adeeb, S.M.,Mustafy, T., El-Rich, M., Ronsky, J.L. and Anderson, J. (2012), “A Novel Approach to Quantify Patellofemoral Joint Contact Stress”, Proceedings of the 18th Congress of the European Society of Biomechanics (ESB2012), July 1-4, 2012, Lisbon, Portugal.
  • Mustafy, T., El-Rich, M., Islam, K., Adeeb, S.M.,(2012), “Finite Element Analysis of the Patellofemoral Joint Behavior under Frontal Impact”, Proceedings of the ASME-2012 Summer Bioengineering Conference, June 20-23, 2012, Fajardo, Puerto Rico, USA.
  • Anderson, J., Islam, K., Beaupre, L., Adeeb, S.M. (2012), “Three dimentional Computational Model for the study of Patellofemoral Biomechanics”, Proceedings of the 46th Canadian Orthopaedic Association/Canadian Orthopaedic Research Society (COA/CORS) Annual Meeting, June 8-10, 2012, Ottawa, Canada.
  • Islam, K., Mustafy, T., Komeili,A., Adeeb, S.M., El-Rich, M., Ronsky, J.L. (2012), “Study of Contact Mechanisms in the PF joint of Normal versus PFPS subjects”,Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium of Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, April 11-14, 2012, Berlin, Germany.

2011:

  • Islam, K., Adeeb, S.M., El-Rich, M. and Ronsky, J.L. (2011), “On Estimating Penetration Depth of the Patellofemoral Joint”, Proceedings of the 12th Alberta BME Conference, October 22-24, 2011, The Banff Centre, Banff, Canada.

Structural Engineering

2014:

  • Islam, K., Hossain, MR and Ashraf, M. (2014), "Sustainability Assessment and Retrofitting Prioritizing based on Infrastructure Sustainability Change Matrix", submitted to be 2014 Structures Congress, Boston, Massachusetts, April, 2014.

2012:

  • Mustafy, T., Islam, K. and Ahsan, R. (2012), “Finite Element Analysis of Rectangular Hollow Section Bonded with CFRP”, Proceedings of the 12th Pan American Congress of Applied Mechanics (PACAM XII), January 2-6, 2012, Port of Spain, Trinidad.

2011:

  • Roy, Kshama S., Islam, K. and Arafat, M. Shams (2011), “A Novel Statistical Approach for Investigating the Significant Factors that Influence the Performance Score of the Turkish Method”, Proceedings of International Conference on Geotechnique, Construction Materials and Environment (GEOMAT-2011), Nov.21-23, 2011, Tsu City, Mie, Japan. (ISBN: 978-4-9905958-0-7 C3051).

2010:

  • Arafat, M. Shams., Islam, K., and Ahmed, M.Z. (2010),“Sway Behavior of Rigid and Semi-rigid Steel Frames”, Proceedings of Second International Conference on Construction In Developing Countries (ICCIDC-II), August 3-5, 2010, Cairo, Egypt.
  • Roy, Kshama S., Islam, K and Arafat, M. Shams.,Ahmed, M.Z.(2010), “Seismic Risk Assessment of Existing Low-rise Buildings in Unplanned Urban Regions of Dhaka City”, Proceedings of Second International Conference on Construction In Developing Countries (ICCIDC-II), August 3-5, 2010, Cairo, Egypt.
  • Ahmed, M.Z., Islam, K., Roy, K.S, Arafat. S, Al-Hussaini T.M. (2010), “Seismic Vulnerability Assessment of RCF Buildings in Old Town of Dhaka City”, Proceedings of 3rd International Earthquake Symposium (IESB-3), March 5-6, 2010, Dhaka, Bangladesh, pp. 439-446.

Poster

  • Islam, K. and Adeeb, S.M. (2011), “Osteoarthritis in Diarthrodial Joints”, Canadian Society for Civil Engineering (CSCE) Annual Poster Competition, March 2011, Edmonton, Canada.


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