Notes on Polylactic Acid (PLA), a polymer used in 3D printing:
Polylactic Acid Technology: http://www.jimluntllc.com/pdfs/polylactic_acid_technology.pdf
Applications of life cycle assessment to NatureWorks TM polylactide (PLA) production
PLA biodegradation Mendeley group: http://www.mendeley.com/groups/3571741/pla-biodegradation/
Poly(lactic acid): Synthesis, Structures, Properties, Processing, and Applications. Rafael A. Auras, Loong-Tak Lim, Susan E. M. Selke, Hideto Tsuji. Wiley & Sons, 2011.
Handbook of Biopolymers and Biodegradable Plastics: Properties, Processing and Applications. William Andrew, 2012.
Handbook of Engineering Biopolymers: Homopolymers, Blends and Composites. Stoyko Fakirov and Debes Bhattacharyya (30 Sep 2007).
Degradation of Poly (Lactide)- Based Biodegradable Materials: https://www.novapublishers.com/catalog/product_info.php?products_id=7102
EXPERIMENTAL DEGRADATION CHARACTERIZATION OF PLA- PCL, PGA-PCL, PDO AND PGA FIBRES : http://www.iccm-central.org/Proceedings/ICCM17proceedings/Themes/Behaviour/SUSTAIN%20GREEN%20COMP/F23.9%20Vieira.pdf
The influence of the environment on the degradation of polylactides and their composites: http://www.journalamme.org/papers_vol43_1/4315.pdf
Processing of poly(lactic acid): Characterization of chemical structure, thermal stability and mechanical properties.
Nanoclay and crystallinity effects on the hydrolytic degradation of polylactides
Biodegradation of poly(lactic acid) and its nanocomposites
Assessment of Polylactide Foil Degradation as a Result of Filamentous Fungi Activity: http://www.pjoes.com/pdf/17.3/335-341.pdf
An overview of the recent developments in polylactide (PLA) research. K Madhavan Nampoothiri, Nimisha Rajendran Nair, Rojan Pappy John (2010) Bioresource technology 101 (22) p. 8493-501 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2010.05.092
Degradation of microbial polyesters: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/B:BILE.0000036599.15302.e5
Bioresorbability and biocompatibility of aliphatic polyesters: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF00701240
Biodegradation of polymers: http://nopr.niscair.res.in/bitstream/123456789/5718/1/IJBT%204%282%29%20186-193.pdf
In vitro degradation studies
Degradation of aliphatic polyester films by commercially available lipases with special reference to rapid and complete degradation of poly(L-lactide) film by lipase PL derived from Alcaligenes sp.: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/A:1020450326301
Enzymatic degradation of stereocopolymers derived from l-, dl- and meso-lactides: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0141391099000919
Hydrolytic and enzymatic degradations of physically crosslinked hydrogels prepared from PLA/PEO/PLA triblock copolymers: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1023%2FA%3A1013651022431
Mechanical Study of PLA-PCL Fibers during In Vitro Degradation
Polylactide stereochemistry: effect on enzymic degradability: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ma00081a030
Characterization and in vitro degradation studies of synthesized Polylactide: http://www.shankargargh.net/chemistryissue/14-21.pdf
- "Degradation study shows that hydrolytic breakdown
of PLA polymers is strongly influenced by the presence of BSA in the degradation media."
Biodegradation of poly(lactic acid)/starch/coir biocomposites under controlled composting conditions. Polymer Degradation and Stability Volume 93, Issue 1, January 2008, Pages 147-157 Iovino, R. | Zullo, R. | Rao, M.A. | Cassar, L. | Gianfreda, L.
Rapid (bio)degradation of polylactide by mixed culture of compost microorganisms—low molecular weight products and matrix change: http://dzumenvis.nic.in/Biodegradation/pdf/Rapid%20degradation%20of%20polylactide.pdf
- Cited by 97
Studies pertaining to biodegradation by specific species
Microbial degradation of aliphatic polyesters: http://aem.asm.org/content/63/4/1637.short
Optimization of Poly Lactic Acid (PLA) Plastic Degradation by Aneurinibacillus Migulanus Using Response Surface Methodology : http://www.ipcbee.com/vol40/005--ICBLS2012-I00011.pdf
Microbial Degradation of Poly Lactic Acid (PLA) by Aneurinibacillus aneurinilyticus: http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/asp/jbmb/2013/00000007/00000004/art00018
Poly(lactide) Degradation By Pseudonocardia alni AS4.1531T. Chiang Mai Journal of Science. http%3A%2F%2Fit.science.cmu.ac.th%2Fejournal%2Fdl.php%3Fjournal_id%3D874&ei=lk0FUoD1E4m54ASvoIG4Aw&usg=AFQjCNHr4Va9IEo1coc00OcaQPHqXaLxKg&sig2=a-mxhLdxm-oNW4rIMWrPpw&bvm=bv.50500085,d.bGE
Abstract: Twenty actinobacterial strains belong to the genus Pseudonocardia were screened for their ability to degrade poly(lactide) plastic. Pseudonocardia alni AS4.1531T was the only strain that decreased PLA film weight by more than 70% in eight days. This strain could degrade 35.8 mg out of 50 mg PLA films in liquid culture containing 0.1% (w/v) gelatin. In addition, Pseudonocardia alni AS4.1531T assimilated the major degradation product, lactic acid.
- Yutaka Tokiwa
- S Karlsson: http://www.expresspolymlett.com/articles/EPL-0001793_article.pdf
Polymer Degradation and Stability. See also http://www.journals.elsevier.com/polymer-degradation-and-stability/most-cited-articles/