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Week 1 : ClassNotes

"From L to LIS or to L + IS"

Key Questions of the course:

What are the landmarks in moving from librarianship to information science / information work?

To what extent are these practices considered "sciences"?


Explosion of libraries Enlightenment (c19th) ...bost to provisions through tech advances in printing...conferences and societies emerge

Library Science

SLA (1909) putting knowledge to work

PhD programs established at U of C 1920's -- Illinois and Michigan followed in 1940's. These programs were initially research oriented conducting historical and social science work...this evolved to mathematical modeling and things like bibliometrics

Bibliography Went beyond what individual libraries could provide: rare books, antiquarianism etc. Bibliographic Societies emerge: UK 1892; USA 1899 apx.


Problems of bibliographic control taken up by Documentalists, as biblio shifts towards historical bibliography. Emphasis was not on whole items, but theri various parts.components -- aim was to winnow the contents in order to offer deep access (Provided by IIB) -- Libraries were seen to be organizing nodes.

IID --> FID 1937 Federacion Internationale de Dcoumentation.

From Documentation to Information Science

Documentation Institute est by Science Service, USA 1935... later becomes ASIS 1968

  • 1st course taught in Info. Sci -- City University, 1961

Convergance...? IS saw Librarians as parochial and pragmatic Librarians saw IS as wedded to Tech and Anti Social

Schools of LIS (adding the IS) happened why?

  1. Limits on intellectualism of librarianship
  2. More respectable professional title
  3. More marketable students
  4. More appropriate homes for Info Sci people than CS or Comm.
  5. Belief of shared problems
  6. Computer became optimal tool

This is supplemented by both journals (increasingly hybridized in publishing content) and Professional Societies adding specific user groups, working groups.

My Introduction

What I want to study and how I want history to reflected in that examination:

In general I am interested in how research is conducted, how it is supported, how claims are disseminated and how researchers discover others work. What I’d like to do is a holistic study that is concentrated specifically on a discipline—others have done similar work on this in fields like Ecology—I am interested in the broader “Environmental Sciences” I generally want to know things like what are motivations to sharing, what inhibits sharing of data – how can or does policy affect these phenomena’s. To this extent I need to know the history of how data policy—how scientific policy has been established These needs a boundary—most likely geographic – which states NSF established late 40’s said and did this. It’s policies have changed and shifted which now leads us to doing this.

So I need to understand the culture of the discipline that I follow, the communication structures, and how these have evolved from their origins into what they are now, as well as looking at what they might be in the future.

I also need to better understand the various types of research that is done – remote sensing for instance doesn’t fit well in a research paradigm that considers “pure” research (that is research done for the sake of discovery) or applied research (that is research conducted which sets out to accomplish a clearly articulated goal)

All of this is done with an eye towards LIS education—so as in the article today, we’re reading about a program that recognizes specialties, and attempts to adjust it’s curriculum to meet this shifting professional landscape. So I am interested in discerning where

But broader than that—how are scientists being trained, to what extent are metadata creation, digital preservation and data management plans being integrated with Graduate Level Science Research.