Difference between revisions of "User:Timothee Flutre/Notebook/Postdoc/2012/10/09"

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(Expert writing (academic and professional): long sentences)
(Expert writing (academic and professional): add info flow + source)
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==Expert writing (academic and professional)==
 
==Expert writing (academic and professional)==
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''(Notes from The Little Red Schoolhouse at the University of Chicago.)''
  
 
* Interferences between what the writer wants and what the reader wants.
 
* Interferences between what the writer wants and what the reader wants.
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** easier to read when the subject+verb ("core") are together and at (close to) the beginning
 
** easier to read when the subject+verb ("core") are together and at (close to) the beginning
 
** write long sentences with ("connectors/orientors" + "core" + "other") repeated N times
 
** write long sentences with ("connectors/orientors" + "core" + "other") repeated N times
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* Information flow:
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** readers need some old, simple information in ''every'' sentence
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** the old information should come ''before'' the new, complex information which is at the end (stress position)
  
 
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Revision as of 12:19, 13 November 2012

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Expert writing (academic and professional)

(Notes from The Little Red Schoolhouse at the University of Chicago.)

  • Interferences between what the writer wants and what the reader wants.
    • Readers tend to see the world in terms of actions, and thus they look for verbs. But writers store/remember the important concepts of their field as nouns, not verbs.
    • Readers tend to understand the world in terms of characters (someone/something capable of acting), and they expect to find them in subjects.
  • Diagnostics when reading a text:
    • underline verbs and ask if they correspond to significant actions;
    • underline subjects and ask if they correspond to significant characters.
  • Principles of clear writing:
    • express as verbs (rather than nominalizations) the actions one want the readers to focus on;
    • express as subjects the characters one wants the readers to focus on, and be consistent.
  • Tips:
    • Subjects create focus, so choose them according to the readers, but also choose those that are valued by the readers.
    • Possible to use passive verbs when they allow a character to be the subject.
    • Possible to use nominalizations when they are also perceived by the readers as characters.
  • Structuring long sentences:
    • easier to read when the subject+verb ("core") are together and at (close to) the beginning
    • write long sentences with ("connectors/orientors" + "core" + "other") repeated N times
  • Information flow:
    • readers need some old, simple information in every sentence
    • the old information should come before the new, complex information which is at the end (stress position)