# Difference between revisions of "User:Karlena L. Brown/Notebook/PVOH Research/2012/11/09"

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## OBJECTIVES

• Prepare PVOH films for Acetylation Reactions

## General Formula for reactions

Polyvinyl alcohol + [HoAc]→Polyvinyl acetate

## Acetylation Reaction Protocol & Film Preparation

• In 10mL beaker, weigh out ~ 1.0 grams PVOH (MW 22K)
• Then, using a graduated cylinder add ~ 3-4 mL H2O to the beaker
• After adding and combining PVOH (MW 22K) in a small beaker with H2O, add a stir bar and prepare to stir solution
• On hot plate, stir and heat beaker solutions at 70-80°C for ~ 12 min or until PVOH dissolves
• Once PVOH solids thoroughly dissolve in solution, add a small portion of acetic acid (HoAc)
• In addition, add ~2 drops of HCl to the solution and continue to stir for an hour
• Allow the solution to cool and prepare for titration

REPEAT PROCEDURE ABOVE FOUR TIMES TO PREPARE FOUR FILMS

 PVOH Mass (g) Acetic Acid (mL) Hydrochloric Acid (drops) Total Volume(mL) Total Volume(mL) 1.0062 1.30 2 3.70 7 1.0043 0.26 2 4.74 7 1.0052 0.52 2 4.48 7 1.0027 0.78 2 4.22 7

## Acetylation Reaction Calculations

1:1 HoAc Reaction Ratio:

```  MW R-CH2CHOH-R: 44.00 g/mol
MW Acetic Acid (HoAc): 60.00 g/mol
1.0g PVOH × (1 mol PVOH/44.00g PVOH) × (1 mol HoAc/1 mol PVOH) × (60.00g HoAc/1 mol HoAc) = 1.36g HoAc
1.36g HoAc × (1mL HoAc/1.05g HoAc)= 1.30mL HoAc
```

20% HoAc Reaction Ratio:

```  MW R-CH2CHOH-R: 44.00 g/mol
MW Acetic Acid (HoAc): 60.00 g/mol
1.0g PVOH × (1 mol PVOH/44.00g PVOH) × (0.2 mol HoAc/1 mol PVOH) × (60.00g HoAc/1 mol HoAc) = 0.27g HoAc
0.27g HoAc × (1mL HoAc/1.05g HoAc)= 0.26mL HoAc
```

40% HoAc Reaction Ratio:

```  MW R-CH2CHOH-R: 44.00 g/mol
MW Acetic Acid (HoAc): 60.00 g/mol
1.0g PVOH × (1 mol PVOH/44.00g PVOH) × (0.4 mol HoAc/1 mol PVOH) × (60.00g HoAc/1 mol HoAc) = 0.55g HoAc
0.55g HoAc × (1mL HoAc/1.05g HoAc)= 0.52mL HoAc
```

60% HoAc Reaction Ratio:

```  MW R-CH2CHOH-R: 44.00 g/mol
MW Acetic Acid (HoAc): 60.00 g/mol
1.0g PVOH × (1 mol PVOH/44.00g PVOH) × (0.6 mol HoAc/1 mol PVOH) × (60.00g HoAc/1 mol HoAc) = 0.82g HoAc
0.82g HoAc × (1mL HoAc/1.05g HoAc)= 0.78mL HoAc
```

## Notes

• Only the repeating unit of PVOH (22K) was focused upon when calculating % weight of HoAc additions to each solution (titration preparation)
• Molecular weight of repeating polyvinyl alcohol unit [C2H3OH] = 44.06g/mol
```  1g PVOH(1 mol PVOH unit/44.06g PVOH) x (1 mol OH/1 mol PVOH)= 0.022696 mol PVOH
```
• In addition, the 1:1 HoAc ratio solution overheated by boiling; therefore, this solution was not used for the titration analysis.