Preparing chemically competent cells

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Revision as of 07:29, 11 August 2005 by Josh K. Michener (talk | contribs) (Preparation)
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  1. Grow a 5 - 25 mL culture to an OD600 of 0.2 - 0.5.
  2. Centrifuge for 10 minutes at 3000 rpm and [math]4^o[/math]C.
  3. Remove supernatant and replace with 10% original volume TSS.
  4. Make 100 uL aliquots and store at [math]-80^o[/math]C.
    • Note: Qualitative experience shows better results if aliquots are made in the [math]4^o[/math]C room.


  1. Thaw TSS cells on ice.
  2. Add DNA, pipette gently to mix (1μl of prepped plasmid is more than enough).
    • Note: If you are adding small volumes (~1μl), be careful to mix the culture well. Diluting the plasmid back into a larger volume can also help.
  3. Let sit for 30 minutes on ice.
    • Note: If you are in a rush, you can shorten this incubation time to 5-10 min.
  4. Incubate cells for 30 seconds at [math]42^o[/math]C.
    • Note: According to the original TSS paper and qualitative experience, this step is completely optional and may actually reduce transformation efficiency.
  5. Add 1 mL SOC (2XYT and LB are also suitable) at room temp.
  6. Incubate for 1 hour at [math]37^o[/math]C on shaker.
    • Note: Can also save some time here by reducing incubation to ~45 min.
  7. Spread 100-300 µL onto a plate made with appropriate antibiotic.
  8. Grow overnight at 37 °C.
  9. Save the rest of the transformants in liquid culture at 4 °C. If nothing appears on your plate, you can spin this down, resuspend in enough medium to spread on one plate and plate it all. This way you will find even small numbers of transformants.


TSS (50 mL)

  • 5g PEG 8000
  • 1.5 mL 1M MgCl2
  • 2.5 mL DMSO
  • LB to 50 mL

Filter sterilize (0.22 µm filter) and store at 4 ˚C or -20 ˚C.