Background with Pat!
- Otto SP and Whitton J. Polyploid incidence and evolution. Annu Rev Genet. 2000;34:401-437. DOI:10.1146/annurev.genet.34.1.401 |
More population genetics of polyploidy!
I did a literature search today and found several interesting papers. I picked two for next week, but in the interest of time, I think we should focus on the first one (Walsh paper). The Comai paper can be background reading for people who want to do a little polyploidy catch-up (like me). Both Genetica and Nature Reviews Genetics are available online through the library.
- Walsh B. Population-genetic models of the fates of duplicate genes. Genetica. 2003 Jul;118(2-3):279-94.
- Comai L. The advantages and disadvantages of being polyploid. Nat Rev Genet. 2005 Nov;6(11):836-46. DOI:10.1038/nrg1711 |
Ploidy shifts with Pat and Brian.
The yeast haploid superiority article (Zeyl, 2003, Science below) dovetails nicely with the Walsh reading from April 17 and the Otto review from April 10.
A recent paper on gene duplicate evolution in Teleost fish should further expand on experimental observations related to evolution specific to polyploid contexts.
- Zeyl C, Vanderford T, and Carter M. An evolutionary advantage of haploidy in large yeast populations. Science. 2003 Jan 24;299(5606):555-8. DOI:10.1126/science.1078417 |
- Brunet FG, Roest Crollius H, Paris M, Aury JM, Gibert P, Jaillon O, Laudet V, and Robinson-Rechavi M. Gene loss and evolutionary rates following whole-genome duplication in teleost fishes. Mol Biol Evol. 2006 Sep;23(9):1808-16. DOI:10.1093/molbev/msl049 |
Speciation with Dena
Great paper from the Solti, Pires, and Leitch groups from a meeting proceedings at Kew Gardens. Demonstrates that in this case the species barrier was not overcome just once in a freak accident.
Polyploid tree frogs unite to form a complex interspecies swarm. Demonstrates recurrent polyploid formation can play a role in animal polyploid speciation too. Go frogs.
Contemporary polyploidy hybrids with Debra Ayers
Abbott and Lowe paper on Senecios (HTML): http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1095-8312.2004.00333.x
Urbanska paper on Cardamine: http://springerlink.metapress.com/content/g6977375111059p4/fulltext.pdf
Plus unpublished nuggets on local spartina and tumbleweeds!
The triploid bridge with Brian
With so much new stuff to be discovered (mathematical models of minor cytotype exclusion from a japanese group) I decided to settle on some steady material. For a review on the origins of Polyploids I offer up the first (of two) reviews by Justin Ramsey and Doug Schemske (1998). Focus on the sections about triploids and the triploid bridge. There is a lot of meat in this review The second is a paper by Brian Husband (who became Ramsey's Post-doc advisor when he left Schemske's lab) that looks at the effect of variability in triploid fitness on the evolution of polyploidy in populations. Last is a paper from the Comai group looking at the existence of variability in both triploid and aneuploid fitness. There is a previous paper in Genetics (Henry et al., 2005) that mirrors some of the figures presented in Ramsey and Schemske for maize (or Satina and Blakeslee 1936/37 in Datura, for that matter).
The triploid bridge is not just for evolution, either. It gets used by breeders ocassionally, and talked about often. I have linked a paper by Carputo et al on the uses and usefulness of the "EBN", one of which is to make odd-ploidy hybrids as a bridge to allow gene flow between isolated species. I don't know if there is much interest in discussing this, but I tire of this high falootin fundamental biology stuff from time to time.