Biomod/2012/UTokyo/UT-Komaba/Experiment/DNA Tablet

From OpenWetWare
Revision as of 01:22, 28 October 2012 by Shun Otsubo (talk | contribs)
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to: navigation, search


<style type="text/css"> <!--

  1. column-one {display:none; width:0px;}
  2. column-content {margin: 0;}

.container{background-color: #ffffff; margin-top:0px} .OWWNBcpCurrentDateFilled {display: none;}

  1. globalWrapper{margin: 0 auto; padding: 0; width: 900px;}

.firstHeading {display:none; width:0px;}

  1. content {margin-left: 0; padding: 0; border: none;}
  2. sidebar-main {display:none; width:0px;}
  3. footer{position: center; margin: 0;}

body {

 margin: 0;
font-family: Calibri, Verdana, helvetica, sans-serif;
 background: url( darkgray repeat-y;


  1. content {
  margin: 0;



  1. title{
 margin: 10px 0;
 padding: auto;
 background-color: black;
 text-align :center;


  1. navi ul {
 font-size: 12px;
 margin: 0 0 30px;
 padding: 0;
 height: 30px;
 background-color: black}
  1. navi ul li {
 list-style-type: none;
 float: left;
 padding: 0;
 margin: 0;
 display: block}
  1. navi ul li a {
 display: block;
 width: 100px;
 line-height: 30px;
 text-decoration: none;
 text-align: center;
 color: #ffffff;
 background-color: black;


  1. navi ul li a:hover {
 background-color: gainsboro;
 color: black;


  1. bodyContent{
 width: 800px;
 margin: auto;
 padding: 50px;
 background: url("") white repeat-y;
 font-size: 140%;


  1. toc{
 font-size: 80%;


/* table */ table {

 border: solid 1px black;
 border-collapse: collapse;
 border-spacing: 0;


table.noborder, table.noborder th, table.noborder td{

 border: none;


table th{

 border: solid 1px black;
 padding: 1px 5px;
 color: white;
 background-color: darkgray;
 text-align: center;


table td{

 border: solid 1px black;
 padding: 1px 5px;
 text-align: center;


table.tdleft td{

 text-align: left;


h1,h2,h3,h4 {

 font-family: serif;
 clear: both;



 border: none;


table.dialog th{

 border: none;
 padding-top: 0px;
 background-color: white;
 color: black;
 text-decolation: bold;
 text-align: left;


table.dialog td{

 border: none;
 padding: 5px 0;
 text-align: left;


--> </style>

<div id="title"><img src="" alt="DNA tablet" width="800" height="120" onClick="this.src=''"/></div>

<div id="navi"> <ul>

 <li><a href="/wiki/Biomod/2012/UTokyo/UT-Komaba">Home</a></li>
 <li><a href="/wiki/Biomod/2012/UTokyo/UT-Komaba/Idea">Idea</a></li>
 <li><a href="/wiki/Biomod/2012/UTokyo/UT-Komaba/Simulation">Simulation</a></li>
 <li><a href="/wiki/Biomod/2012/UTokyo/UT-Komaba/Experiment">Experiment</a></li>
 <li><a href="/wiki/Biomod/2012/UTokyo/UT-Komaba/Progress">Progress</a></li>
 <li><a href="/wiki/Biomod/2012/UTokyo/UT-Komaba/Episode">Episode</a></li>
 <li><a href="/wiki/Biomod/2012/UTokyo/UT-Komaba/Team">Team</a></li>
 <li><a href="/wiki/Biomod/2012/UTokyo/UT-Komaba/Supplementary">Supplementary</a></li>

</ul> </div>



DNA Tablet Concept

The last but most important experiment is the experiment of the DNA tablet. If we combine the modified origami and bistable system, we can realize the DNA tablet. The purpose of the experiment is to observe the surface of the tablet and make sure that the surface change when we put another kind of DNA.


Pseudo-hammerhead Structure

To make hammerhead structure, we needed to add some DNA sequences to existing staples witch didn't interact with other parts of DNA origami. We made such sequences from the sequence below.

Hammerhead structure

This sequence is known not to interact with other parts of DNA origami from Shelley F. J. Wickham et al[1]. We made three hammerhead structures from this.

(5' -> 3' direction)

addition to staple cover

The Design of the DNA Tablet

Using the three types of hammerhead structures, we designed the DNA origami. We used a hairpin structure at the corner because we didn't have enough space to make a hammerhead structure there.



October 20th

We got the modified staples, so we made the staple mix for the main body of DNA tablet and tried observing it. In this experiment, we did not put cover DNA for hammerhead structures so that we might not observe pictures on the surface. However, DNA origami wasn't observed clearly.

More Information

October 22nd

We made the modified origami on September 20th, but the origami was not structured. Therefore, we carefully made the modified staple mix again.

October 23rd

We made the modified origami again and prepared for the observation on October 24th.

More Information

October 24th

We observed the DNA tablet by AFM at the Komaba Campus. However, we could not get good pictures of the tablets from any tubes. From the pictures, the tablet seemed to not be well structured and partly collapsed.

October 25th

We prepard new staple mix of DNA tablet and made the tablet from staple mix we used on October 20th and the tablet from staple mix we made on October 25th. Because the modified origami was well formed when we kept it at room temperature, we decided to keep both tablets at room temperature, about 20°C. Of course, there is the possibility that we made some mistakes while making the staple mix on October 20th so that the tablet was not well structured. Just in case, we kept one tube of the tablet made from staple mix on October 25th at 4°C. The purpose of the experiment is to observe the completely structured DNA tablet. We annealed them from 90°C to 20°C over 2800 seconds.

More Information

October 26th

We observed the DNA tablet which was made from staple mix served in October 25th and kept at room temperature. We could clearly observe the main body of the DNA tablet.

The Body of the DNA Tablet

After observing the main body of the tablet, we put cover DNA so that the body shows two pictures, depending on which cover DNA we use.


Tablet Boy

We could observe the sentence "I♡DNA" and the character, Tablet Boy on the surface of the tablet. Therefore, we could make sure that the tablet shows two pictures, and which picture it show depends on what cover DNA we put on its surface.