Difference between revisions of "Biomod/2012/Titech/Nano-Jugglers/Results"

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(3.2. Achievement of the photo-switchable DNA system)
 
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:    Figure 0.1a, b and c are microscope images of 40 μm microbeads. Figure 0.1a shows microbeads before vapor deposition of metals. Figure 0.1b shows microbeads after vapor deposition of Au (gold) on the microbeads. Figure 0.1c shows microbeads after additional vapor deposition of Cr (chromium) on the Au-deposited microbeads. The microbeads had three types of surface areas because the angular alignment of the beads was changed when Cr was deposited on the Au-deposited microbeads.
 
:    Figure 0.1a, b and c are microscope images of 40 μm microbeads. Figure 0.1a shows microbeads before vapor deposition of metals. Figure 0.1b shows microbeads after vapor deposition of Au (gold) on the microbeads. Figure 0.1c shows microbeads after additional vapor deposition of Cr (chromium) on the Au-deposited microbeads. The microbeads had three types of surface areas because the angular alignment of the beads was changed when Cr was deposited on the Au-deposited microbeads.
:    Similarly, Figure 0.1e, f and g are microscope images of 10 μm microbeads. Figure 0.1e shows microbeads before vapor deposition of metals. Figure 0.1f shows microbeads after vapor deposition of Au on the microbeads. Figure 0.1g shows microbeads after additional vapor deposition of Cr on the Au-deposited microbeads. The 10 μm microbeads probably had three types of surface areas. From these results, we conclude that selective coating of microbeads for Biomolecular Rocket was achieved.
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:    Similarly, Figure 0.1e, f and g are microscope images of 10 μm microbeads. Figure 0.1e shows microbeads before vapor deposition of metals. Figure 0.1f shows microbeads after vapor deposition of Au on the microbeads. Figure 0.1g shows microbeads after additional vapor deposition of Cr on the Au-deposited microbeads. The 10 μm microbeads probably had three types of surface areas. From these results, we conclude that selective coating of microbeads for the Biomolecular Rocket was achieved.
 
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|&nbsp;&nbsp;<html><body><nobr>40 μm silica beads</nobr></body></html>
 
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:>>see more [[Biomod/2012/Titech/Nano-Jugglers/Methods/High-speed_camera|methods and full length movie]]<br><br>
 
:>>see more [[Biomod/2012/Titech/Nano-Jugglers/Methods/High-speed_camera|methods and full length movie]]<br><br>
 
:&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Movie 2.1.1a shows the movement of 0.15-0.40 μm platinum particles in 3% H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub> solution. Movie 2.1.1b is the movement of platinum particles observed by a high-speed camera (the upper left of the movie) and its analyzed results (the right of the movie). The analyzed results show the values of acceleration (top), velocity (the second from the top), coordinate x (third), and coordinate y (bottom) of platinum movement. From the results, we found the relationships between the growth of bubble radius and the speed of platinum. Using the relationships and the kinetic parameters, we did numerical simulations of the movement of the Biomolecular Rocket (see Section 2.2).
 
:&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Movie 2.1.1a shows the movement of 0.15-0.40 μm platinum particles in 3% H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub> solution. Movie 2.1.1b is the movement of platinum particles observed by a high-speed camera (the upper left of the movie) and its analyzed results (the right of the movie). The analyzed results show the values of acceleration (top), velocity (the second from the top), coordinate x (third), and coordinate y (bottom) of platinum movement. From the results, we found the relationships between the growth of bubble radius and the speed of platinum. Using the relationships and the kinetic parameters, we did numerical simulations of the movement of the Biomolecular Rocket (see Section 2.2).
:&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Figure. 2.1.2 shows the graph of the mean square displacement of the platinum particle. We assumed diffusion coefficient of this platinum particle and took away displacement by Brownian movement from total mean square displacement. We can calculate mean square speed of platinum particle by making a quadratic curve fitting and calculating square root of coefficient of the curve.  We calculated that the value of quadratic coefficient was 77.2 mm<sup>2</sup>/s<sup>2</sup>, and the average speed was calculated as 8.8 mm/s. Platinum particles moved at about '''''8,800 time’s faster speed than kinesin.'''''
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:&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Figure. 2.1.2 shows the graph of the mean square displacement of the platinum particle. We can calculate mean speed of platinum particle by making a quadratic curve fitting and calculating square root of coefficient of the curve.  We calculated that the value of quadratic coefficient was 115.5 mm<sup>2</sup>/s<sup>2</sup>, and the average speed was calculated as 10.7 mm/s. Assuming that kinesin moves at 1μm/s, Platinum particles in H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub> solution can moved at about '''''10,000 time’s faster speed than kinesin.'''''
  
 
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:>>see more [[Biomod/2012/Titech/Nano-Jugglers/Simulation|simulation models]]
 
:>>see more [[Biomod/2012/Titech/Nano-Jugglers/Simulation|simulation models]]
 
:&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The simulation also demonstrated that the Biomolecular Rocket with many platinum catalysts on the body can move twice faster than a microbead with a hemispherical platinum surface moves because of the difference in the catalytic surface areas between them (Fig. 2.2).
 
:&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The simulation also demonstrated that the Biomolecular Rocket with many platinum catalysts on the body can move twice faster than a microbead with a hemispherical platinum surface moves because of the difference in the catalytic surface areas between them (Fig. 2.2).
:&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Figure 2.2 shows instantaneous speed at each time steps of kinesin motor, 10 μm beads with a hemispherical platinum surface (catalytic motor without DNA), and 10 μm of the Biomolecular Rocket. We take the average of 100 time step's instantaneous speed of each molecular motor and make a comparison among them.
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:&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Figure 2.2 shows instantaneous speed at each time steps of kinesin motor, 10 μm beads with a hemispherical platinum surface (catalytic motor without DNA), and 10 μm of the Biomolecular Rocket. We take the average of 100 time step's instantaneous speed of each molecular motor and make a comparison among them.
 
:&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;As a result, the average speed of the Biomolecular Rocket is calculated as 11.2 μm/s, and the average speed of catalytic motor without DNA is 6.8 μm/s. We assumed that Kinesin moves straightforward at 1.0 μm/s all the time, Kinesin's average speed is calculated as 1.0 μm/s.  
 
:&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;As a result, the average speed of the Biomolecular Rocket is calculated as 11.2 μm/s, and the average speed of catalytic motor without DNA is 6.8 μm/s. We assumed that Kinesin moves straightforward at 1.0 μm/s all the time, Kinesin's average speed is calculated as 1.0 μm/s.  
 
:&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Therefore, we estimate that the Biomolecular Rocket moves faster than kinesin. Moreover, the Biomolecular Rocket can get more speed by surface enlargement of catalyst with DNA.
 
:&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Therefore, we estimate that the Biomolecular Rocket moves faster than kinesin. Moreover, the Biomolecular Rocket can get more speed by surface enlargement of catalyst with DNA.

Latest revision as of 00:04, 28 October 2012


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