Difference between revisions of "Biomod/2012/TeamSendai/Idea"

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{{:Biomod/2012/Tohoku/Team_Sendai/header}}
 
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<h1>Project</h1>
 
<h1>Project</h1>
<h2>Motivation</h2>
 
We want to make an artificial channel.If we make an artificial channel, it is desirable that the channel can carry selectively and actively only what we want to carry. Also, it is desirable that the channel can change its function and shape artificially.
 
Think of these things, we think it is best to make this structure with DNA-origami.
 
If we use DNA, the shape of the channel is changeable as we like.
 
Also, the carry structure that through the channel is possible by using DNA’s complementarity, so we decided to use DNA to make the structure.
 
 
<h2>Experiment goal </h2>
 
[[Image:Format_D-Heart.jpg|left|none|400px]]
 
When we test the effect of the Cell-gate, we use liposome as a model of a cell membrane. We have to make liposome and confirm the effect of the Cell-gate. So finally, we will make molecular robot which is Cell-gate on liposome and transport the object inside or outside liposome. In short, our goal in this experiment is following.
 
(画像の名称が違っている)
 
{{-}}
 
  
<h2>Three experiment parts</h2>
 
[[Image:Format_cell_gate.jpg|right|none|400px]]
 
But on experiment, it is not smart that proceeing our project in order.
 
Luckily, large number of people in our team(and most of us are fresh!).
 
So we decided to separate our project into several part and do experiment parallelly.
 
Our experiment separates three parts; Gate part, Porter part, and Membrane part.
 
  
(3つのグループに分かれてる画像端っこにシミュレーション班もいるよ的な感じで)
+
[[Image:スクリーンショット 2012-10-28 8.27.26.png|center|600px]]
  
Gate part is the group making the Cell-gate itself.
 
  
Porter part is the group making the function to transport the target in the channel.</br>
+
We decided to divide our project into several subprojects to do experiments in parallel. The sub-projects are GATE, PORTER, and MEMBRANE projects. We also have SIMULATION project to evaluate design of each sub-project.
 
 
Membrane part is the group making liposome by using lipid.
 
 
 
To separate our project and finally mix, we aim to gain our achievement.
 
And we also establish simmulation group that verifies each structure theoretically.
 
 
{{-}}
 
{{-}}
  
<h1>Gate</h1>
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<html><h1><a name="GATE">Sub-project GATE</a></h1></html>
  [[Image:Gate.png|right|none|400px]]
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  <h2>Function</h2>
We will make the gate made of DNA origami! DNA origami is the way how to fold DNA and make structure investigated by Paul Rothemund.
+
GATE is the gatekeeper that allows only the target to enter the cell. Actually, is cylindrical DNA nanostructure connecting the inside and outside of membrane like a channel. Because GATE is made of DNA origami, electric repulsions caused by the negative charge of the DNA backbone prevent not desired DNA from entering GATE.
 +
In order to work as an injector (or extractor) a PORTER system is planted inside this cylinder (see next section).
 +
{{-}}
  
So we decided to make the tube structure as the Gate using DNA origami. Consideration for the form of the Gate is written on [http://openwetware.org/wiki/Biomod/2012/TeamSendai/Design#Gate ''' Design page "Gate"'''].
 
In the Gate, "Porter" which transport the target is planted. So Gate can connect the inside and outside.
 
 
We can use the Gate as an injector or extractor.
 
  
The simulation that the targets actually enter in the Gate is [http://openwetware.org/wiki/Biomod/2012/TeamSendai/Simulation '''here'''].
+
[[Image:イラストその1.png|center|700px|thumb|GATE is the gatekeeper that allows only the target to enter the cell.]]
  
We considered about annealing situation of the Gate and did electrophoresis and AFM for observing the Gate.
+
<h2>Sub-project GOAL</h2>
 +
The goal of this sub-project is to prove this structure is self-assembled by electrophoresis and AFM
 +
{{-}}
  
Consideration for annealing situation and experiment results is [http://openwetware.org/wiki/Biomod/2012/TeamSendai/Experiment '''here'''].
+
<html><h1><a name="PORTER">Sub-project PORTER</a></h1></html>
 +
<h2>Function</h2>
  
<h1>Porter</h1>
 
[[Image:Porterget.png|right|none|400px]]
 
We thought to make DNA Porter which is function to transport the target in channel. One of the characteristic of DNA is to bind another DNA comprementary sequence to it.
 
  
If we design that the DNA binds the target more stable than former one, and if next DNA binds more stable than it…,
+
PORTER is in charge of the active transporting of the target into GATE. It is composed of single stranded DNA (ssDNA) sequences. Each ssDNA sequence is called Porter. These Porters are designed to transfer target DNA strands into (or out from) the membrane. <html></br></html>
 +
The first Porter is likely to be outside GATE because of its electric repulsion. Furthermore, the first Porter catches the target DNA and pull it inside the GATE by hybridizing with it. Inner Porters that have higher affinity than the previous Porter pull the target inside GATE step by step.
  
the target moves to most complementary sequence DNA.
 
  
We thought this characteristic of DNA can be utilized the power of channel.  
+
{{-}}
 +
[[Image:イラストporter.png|center|700px|thumb|PORTER is in charge of the active transporting of the target into GATE.]]
  
This channel can make us transport the object selectively and actively independent of concentration gradient.
+
<h2>Sub-project GOAL</h2>
 +
The goal of this sub-project is to confirm this Porter system is working by electrophoresis
 +
{{-}}
  
We deceided to make the Porter made of DNA.
 
  
DNA sequence of Porter is [http://openwetware.org/wiki/Biomod/2012/TeamSendai/Design#Porter '''here''']. And [http://openwetware.org/wiki/Biomod/2012/TeamSendai/Simulation '''  simulation'''].
 
  
We did electrophoresis to confirm working of DNA. Experiment method and result is [http://openwetware.org/wiki/Biomod/2012/TeamSendai/Experiment#Porter '''here'''].
+
<html><h1><a name="MEMBRANE">Sub-project MEMBRANE</a></h1></html>
 +
<h2>Function</h2>
 +
As active transporter, "CELL-GATE" should work in a cell membrane. Thus, a implementation module for inserting it to membranes needs to be designed.
 +
DNA sequences with a hydrophobic molecule (cholesterol) are attached outside and around GATE.
 +
We use a liposome (artificial lipid vesicle) as a model for the cell membrane.
  
  
 +
[[Image:スライド3.jpg|center|400px|thumb|Our strategy is making liposome indeed cell's membrane]]
  
<h1>Membrane</h1>
+
{{-}}
[[Image:Membranerane.png|right|200px|thumb| reference from "the CELL"]]
 
もっといい画像はないか
 
  
In this project, We make the model of cell membrane and aim that the channel penetrate it.
+
<h2>Sub-project GOAL</h2>
 
+
The goal of this sub-project is to attach gate structure on liposomes and observe them by fluorescence microscope.
Because using cell membrane immediately is hard.
 
 
 
We make liposome by using lipid.
 
 
 
Liposome is the membrane made of lipid and utilize liposome as model of cell-membrane.
 
 
 
Consideration making situation of liposome is [http://openwetware.org/wiki/Biomod/2012/TeamSendai/Design#Membrane '''here'''].
 
 
 
And experiment method and result is [http://openwetware.org/wiki/Biomod/2012/TeamSendai/Experiment#Membrane '''here'''].
 
 
{{-}}
 
{{-}}
 
 
<h1>Application in future</h1>
 
Finally, this project aims to attach to real cell and transport a substance to cell and from cell. Of cause, this channel can be applied to medical use. Also, it can be used for bring some substance which it is difficult to bring back now from cell. In this experiment, we used
 
liposome as a model of a cell membrane, but if we consider the channel attached liposome as one robot, the robot can use to cleaner robot or medical sprinkling robot.
 
</div>
 

Latest revision as of 19:42, 27 October 2012

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<body> <div id="Container"> <!-- Menu --> <ul id="menu"> <li><a href="http://openwetware.org/wiki/Biomod/2012/Tohoku/Team_Sendai ">Home</a></li> <li><a href=" http://openwetware.org/wiki/Biomod/2012/TeamSendai/Idea ">Project</a></li> <li><a href=" http://openwetware.org/wiki/Biomod/2012/TeamSendai/Design">Design</a> </li> <li><a href=" http://openwetware.org/wiki/Biomod/2012/TeamSendai/Simulation">Simulation</a> </li> <li> <a href=" http://openwetware.org/wiki/Biomod/2012/TeamSendai/Experiment ">Experiment</a> </li> <li> <a href=" http://openwetware.org/wiki/Biomod/2012/TeamSendai/Future Application">Future Application</a> </li> <li> <a href=" http://openwetware.org/wiki/Biomod/2012/TeamSendai/Diary">Diary</a> </li> <li> <a href=" http://openwetware.org/wiki/Biomod/2012/TeamSendai/Team ">Team</a> </li> <li> <a href=" http://openwetware.org/wiki/Biomod/2012/Tohoku/Team Sendai/header"></a> </li>

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Project


スクリーンショット 2012-10-28 8.27.26.png


We decided to divide our project into several subprojects to do experiments in parallel. The sub-projects are GATE, PORTER, and MEMBRANE projects. We also have SIMULATION project to evaluate design of each sub-project.

<html><h1><a name="GATE">Sub-project GATE</a></h1></html>

Function

GATE is the gatekeeper that allows only the target to enter the cell. Actually, is cylindrical DNA nanostructure connecting the inside and outside of membrane like a channel. Because GATE is made of DNA origami, electric repulsions caused by the negative charge of the DNA backbone prevent not desired DNA from entering GATE. In order to work as an injector (or extractor) a PORTER system is planted inside this cylinder (see next section).


GATE is the gatekeeper that allows only the target to enter the cell.

Sub-project GOAL

The goal of this sub-project is to prove this structure is self-assembled by electrophoresis and AFM

<html><h1><a name="PORTER">Sub-project PORTER</a></h1></html>

Function


PORTER is in charge of the active transporting of the target into GATE. It is composed of single stranded DNA (ssDNA) sequences. Each ssDNA sequence is called Porter. These Porters are designed to transfer target DNA strands into (or out from) the membrane. <html></br></html> The first Porter is likely to be outside GATE because of its electric repulsion. Furthermore, the first Porter catches the target DNA and pull it inside the GATE by hybridizing with it. Inner Porters that have higher affinity than the previous Porter pull the target inside GATE step by step.



PORTER is in charge of the active transporting of the target into GATE.

Sub-project GOAL

The goal of this sub-project is to confirm this Porter system is working by electrophoresis


<html><h1><a name="MEMBRANE">Sub-project MEMBRANE</a></h1></html>

Function

As active transporter, "CELL-GATE" should work in a cell membrane. Thus, a implementation module for inserting it to membranes needs to be designed. DNA sequences with a hydrophobic molecule (cholesterol) are attached outside and around GATE. We use a liposome (artificial lipid vesicle) as a model for the cell membrane.


Our strategy is making liposome indeed cell's membrane


Sub-project GOAL

The goal of this sub-project is to attach gate structure on liposomes and observe them by fluorescence microscope.