BME103:T930 Group 13 l2

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Name: Marcus Sansoni
Open PCR Machine Engineer
Name: Pete Marple
Experimental Protocol Planner
Name: Michelle Lipowicz
Experimental Protocol Planner
Name: Allen Janis
R&D Scientist
Name: Ian Bainbridge
R&D Scientist
Name: Tyler Barnes
Open PCR Machine Engineer


Thermal Cycler Engineering

Our re-design is based upon the Open PCR system originally designed by Josh Perfetto and Tito Jankowski.

System Design
The Heat Sink Fan moves air across the metal sheets to cool down the PCR machine and the samples. The Heat Sink removes heat from the PCR machine to cool down the samples. It does this by conducting heat down to the metal sheets that are located beside the heat sink fan.

Key Features
For the Heat Sink Fan, we want to add a second fan to the PCR machine. The reason for adding an addtional fan would be cool the heat sink down more rapidly. We also want to change the heat sink in general by add more surface area to the metal sheets in the center. We would increase the number of sheets vertically. We would add sheets horizontally, reducing space between sheets, to increase the surface area even more.

The instructions for assembly would not change. To add the second fan we would have to expand the exterior walls to make room for it. This would make the machine slightly larger, but not change its compact, portable size.



PCR Protocol

DNA Measurement Protocol

Research and Development

Background on Disease Markers

Cystic fibrosis is a disease that can be passed on down genetically along the familial line. The disease causes a build up of thick mucus on the inside of the lungs, digestive tract and other parts of the body. Cystic Fibrosis is the most common chronic lung disease to effect children and young adults and is usually diagnosed by the age of two; however, there are weaker strains of the disease that often go un-diagnosed until the age of 18 or later. The disease is recessive so to suffer the disease one must have the gene from both parents. The disease is life-threatening, the mucus builds up and can eventually suffocate the victim. Around 1 in 29 Caucasians of middle European dissent suffer from cystic fibrosis, this is the most susceptible group to this disease.

One such SNP which signals for a susceptibility to Cystic Fibrosis is the [A/G] swap changing the codon from TGG ⇒ TGA. This change has been recorded in two patients suffering from cystic fibrosis the swap occurs at nucleotide 302 in exon 3 converting codon 57 from TGG (trp) to TGA (stop).

More information can be found:

Primer Design

The primers must be built around the sequence CGTCTCTAC[T/C]CTATCTCTC with the thymine swapped for the cytosine giving the primers:

Reverse primer: 3' CGTCTCTTACTCTATCTCTC 5'

Forward primer: 5' AAATATCTGGCTGAGTGTTT 3'

These primers are 150 bp apart so as to allow the PCR reaction to occur faster, shortening the 30 seconds required per temperature cycled to 10 seconds per cycle.