Difference between revisions of "BME103:T130 Group 12"

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'''Specific Cancer Marker Detection - The Underlying Technology'''<br>
 
'''Specific Cancer Marker Detection - The Underlying Technology'''<br>
  
PCR detection works by heating the DNA sample to about 110oC in order to split the DNA.  Then the PCR cools off to 57oC in order for the primer to attach to the DNA strands.  The PCR then heats to 72oC so the DNA strand can be re-written.  The r17879961 cancer-associated sequence will produce a DNA signal because the reverse primer used, AACTCTTACACTCGATACAT will only attach if the DNA sample has the same coding with the cancer-associated sequence “ACT”.  If the DNA sample does not have the cancer-associated sequence the primer will not attach and there will be no DNA signal.<br>
+
PCR detection works by heating the DNA sample to about 110°C in order to split the DNA.  Then the PCR cools off to 57°C in order for the primer to attach to the DNA strands.  The PCR then heats to 72°C so the DNA strand can be re-written.  The r17879961 cancer-associated sequence will produce a DNA signal because the reverse primer used, AACTCTTACACTCGATACAT will only attach if the DNA sample has the same coding with the cancer-associated sequence “ACT”.  If the DNA sample does not have the cancer-associated sequence the primer will not attach and there will be no DNA signal.<br>
  
 
(BONUS points: Use a program like Powerpoint, Word, Illustrator, Microsoft Paint, etc. to illustrate how primers bind to the cancer DNA template, and how Taq polymerases amplify the DNA. Screen-captures from the OpenPCR tutorial might be useful. Be sure to credit the source if you borrow images.)
 
(BONUS points: Use a program like Powerpoint, Word, Illustrator, Microsoft Paint, etc. to illustrate how primers bind to the cancer DNA template, and how Taq polymerases amplify the DNA. Screen-captures from the OpenPCR tutorial might be useful. Be sure to credit the source if you borrow images.)

Revision as of 15:46, 1 November 2012

Owwnotebook icon.png BME 103 Fall 2012 Home
People
Lab Write-Up 1
Lab Write-Up 2
Lab Write-Up 3
Course Logistics For Instructors
Photos
Wiki Editing Help
BME494 Asu logo.png

OUR TEAM

Name: Justin Landstrom
Experimental Protocol Planner
Name: Chiao May Lee
Experimental Protocol Planner
Name: James Kyeh
Machine Engineer
Name: Jakob G. Wells
R&D Scientist
Name: student
Role(s)
Name: student
Role(s)

LAB 1 WRITE-UP

Initial Machine Testing

The Original Design
OPEN PCR Group 12.png

The Open PCR machines is a DYI device that is composed of many circuit boards, wires, and a wooden frame. It is to be used to cycle DNA by oscillating the temperature of the DNA samples. This machine predominately works when the samples are placed in the main heating block, at which point a heated lid is placed down on top of the samples. Once the software for this Open PCR device is set up, the temperature change and the actual process begins. Within the Open PCR machine is a multitude of parts that keep the machine intact. These parts include a heat sink and fan to absorb heat, a circuit board that runs all the parts, a power supply to maintain the electricity, and a LCD display to show the user information. In conclusion, all of these parts work cohesively to generate this working machine known as the Open PCR.

Experimenting With the Connections

It is important to note that the LCD display will not work if it is not connected to the Open PCR circuit Board. Also, the temperature will not be shown on the LCD display if the white wire connecting to the main heating block is disconnected from the Open PCR circuit board.



Test Run

(Write the date you first tested Open PCR and your experience(s) with the machine)




Protocols

Polymerase Chain Reaction

A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is based on the enzyme DNA Polymerase's ability to synthesize complementary DNA strands. Through a series of steps involving polymerase breaking apart a DNA strand and then synthesizing a specified complementary piece, a PCR machine is able to isolate and amplify a desired strand of DNA.


Steps to Amplify a Patient's DNA Sample

1. This is step 1

2. This is where step 2 will go

3. Здравствуйте!

4. And step 4 is not in Russian


Components of PCR Master Mix

• A modified form of the enzyme Taq DNA polymerase that lacks 5´→3´ exonuclease activity.

• dNTPs

• MgCl2

• Colorless Reaction Buffer (pH 8.5)


Components of PCR Master Mix

Reagent Volume
Template DNA (20 ng) 0.2μL
10μM forward primer 1.0μL
10μM reverse primer 1.0μL
GoTaq master mix 50.0μL
dH2O 47.8μL
Total Volume 100μL

Flourimeter Measurements

Flourimeter1.jpgA drop of water on hydrophobic slide


Flourimeter Assembly Procedure


Hey Chiao, can you do these procedures?


Procedure for Opening Images in ImageJ


This is where the procedure goes




Research and Development

Specific Cancer Marker Detection - The Underlying Technology

PCR detection works by heating the DNA sample to about 110°C in order to split the DNA. Then the PCR cools off to 57°C in order for the primer to attach to the DNA strands. The PCR then heats to 72°C so the DNA strand can be re-written. The r17879961 cancer-associated sequence will produce a DNA signal because the reverse primer used, AACTCTTACACTCGATACAT will only attach if the DNA sample has the same coding with the cancer-associated sequence “ACT”. If the DNA sample does not have the cancer-associated sequence the primer will not attach and there will be no DNA signal.

(BONUS points: Use a program like Powerpoint, Word, Illustrator, Microsoft Paint, etc. to illustrate how primers bind to the cancer DNA template, and how Taq polymerases amplify the DNA. Screen-captures from the OpenPCR tutorial might be useful. Be sure to credit the source if you borrow images.)




Results

(Your group will add the results of your Fluorimeter measurements from Week 4 here)