User:MarkS/Extra edit buttons

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Extra edit buttons allows the user to change the buttons on the top of the edit panel. The main features are:

  • Ability to add buttons to the toolbar. Extra Edit buttons makes a large number of extra buttons available to the user. Simply including the script will add a set of extra buttons to your toolbar.
  • The option to change the order of the buttons.
  • The option to remove the standard buttons
  • The option to include extra user defined buttons.
  • Popup dialog boxes to easily customise the markup code that is entered.


Supported Browsers

I normally test Extra Edit buttons:

The code will normally be tweaked to ensured that it works fully on these browsers.

I may sometimes test on:

  • SeaMonkey (Windows XP SP2)
  • Firefox on Linux (Ubuntu).
  • Konqueror (Ubunutu)
  • Earlier version of IE


A list of users of XEB is kept at List of users. The list will be used to help contact interested parties in the event of new features/radical changes/problems. XEB will work whether or not you are on the list of users.


Simple Install

For extra edit page buttons, put the following code in your monobook.js, replacing "monobook" with the name of your skin, in all lowercase (using "standard" for Classic skin).


Once this has been done, refresh Wikipedia in your browser (select Refresh or Reload) and the new buttons will be available on your toolbar. You do not need to do anything further. If after using the extra edit buttons for some time you wish to alter the buttons available or the order of the buttons then please read the more detailed instructions below.

Customised Install


To fully customise extra edit buttons then add the following code to your monobook.js, replacing "monobook" with the name of your skin, in all lowercase (using "standard" for Classic skin).



  • XEBOrder specifies which buttons to display and the order in which to display them
  • rmEditButtons lists the standard buttons to remove
  • myButtons lists extra buttons which you wish to use with extra edit buttons.

If you don't add one or more of these variables to your monobook.js then extra edit buttons will still work.

The buttons

Extra edit buttons includes the buttons listed below. Those marked as standard are added to your toolbar if you install XEB. The remaining buttons can be included by using the XEBOrder option (see below).

You can also specify completely new buttons to be included using the myButtons option (see below).

Icon Name Standard Code Popup Comments / What is shown when editing
Image:Bold icon.png Bold 0 '''Bold text'''
Image:Italic icon.png Italic 1 ''Italic text''
Image:Button_link.png Wiki link 2 [[Link title]]
Image:External link icon.png Web link 3 [ link title]
Image:Headline icon.png Heading 4 == Headline text ==
Image:Image icon.png Image 5 [[Image:Example.jpg]]
Image:Media icon.png Media File Link 6 [[Media:Example.ogg]]
Image:Math icon.png Mathematical Formula 7 <math>Insert formula here</math>
Image:Nowiki icon.png No Wiki 8 <nowiki>Insert non-formatted text here</nowiki>
Image:Signature icon.png Signature 9 -- ~~~~
Image:H-line icon.png Horizontal Line 10 ----
Image:Button_headline2.png Secondary Headline * A ===Secondary headline===
Image:Button_enter.png Line break B <br />
Image:Button_align_left.png Align left * D <div style="text-align: left; direction: ltr; margin-left: 1em;"> Left-aligned text </div>
Image:Button_center.png Centred text * C <div style="text-align: center;"> Centred text </div>
Image:Button_align_right.png Align Right * D1 <div style="text-align: right; direction: ltr; margin-left: 1em;"> Right-aligned text </div>
Image:Button_font_color.png Coloured text * F <span style="color: ColourName">Coloured text</span>
Image:Button_underline.png Underline * U <u>Underlined text</u>
Image:Button_strike.png Strike through text * S <s>Struck out text</s>
Image:Button_sup_letter.png Superscript I1 <sup></sup>
Image:Button_sub_letter.png Subscript I2 <sub>Subscript text</sub>
Image:Button_small.png Small text * J1 <small>Small Text</small>
Image:Button_array.png Insert table * E Yes Displays a popup allow the user to set the type of table they want. Typical markup inserted:

{| class="wikitable"
| 1 || 2
| 3 || 4

Image:Btn_toolbar_gallery.png Insert a gallery * G <gallery> Image:M63.jpg|[[M63]] Image:Mona Lisa.jpg|[[Mona Lisa]] Image:Truite arc-en-ciel.jpg|A [[trout]] </gallery>
Image:Button_definition_list.png Definition list * Q

; Definition
: Item 1
: Item 2

Image:Btn_toolbar_enum.png Numbered list * W

# Element 1
# Element 2
# Element 3

Image:Btn_toolbar_liste.png Bulleted list * X

* Element 1
* Element 2
* Element 3

Image:Button_category03.png Category * K [[Category:Category name]]
Image:Button_shifting.png Tabs * L :
Image:Button blockquote.png Block quote text * M <blockquote style="border: 1px solid blue; padding: 2em;"> Block quote </blockquote>
Image:Button_comment.png Comment * H <!--Comment-->
Image:Button_code.png Insert code * O <code>Code</code>
Image:Button_reflink.png Reference (see below) * R Yes <ref>Insert reference material</ref>
Image:Button_plantilla.png Add a template * T {{Template name}}
Image:Button_redirect.png Redirect V #REDIRECT [[Article Name]]
Image:Button_miss_signature.png Unsigned post FS {{subst:unsigned|user name or IP|date}}
Image:Button_big.png Big text J2 <big>Big text</big>
Image:Button_nbsp.png Non breaking space N  
Image:Button_pre.png Pre formatted text P <pre>Pre formatted text</pre>
Image:Button_sub_link.png Link to a sub page P1 [[Page/Sub_Page]]
Image:Button_reflink.png Start a reference (see below) R1 <ref name="Reference name
Image:Button_reflink_advanced_2.png Add reference material (see below) R2
Image:Button_reflink_advanced_3.png End a reference (see below) R3
Image:Button template alt.png Reference footer R4

<!--See for an explanation of how to generate footnotes using the <ref(erences/)> tags-->
<div class='references-small'>

Image:Tt_icon.png Teletype text T1 <tt>Teletype Text</tt>
Image:Button_tl_template.png Substitute template TL {{subst:tl|Template name}}
Image:TableStart.png Start a table TS {|
Image:TableCell.png Table cell TC |
Image:TableRow.png Table row TR |-
Image:TableEnd.png End a table TE |}
Image:Button_no_include.png No include Y1 <noinclude>Text</noinclude>
Image:Button_include.png Include only Y2 <includeonly>Text</includeonly>
Image:Button_substitute.png Substitute Z {{subst:Template}}
Image:Button_advanced_image.png Advanced image AI [[Image:M63.jpg|thumb|right|px|Caption]]
Image:Button Globe.png Geo link GEO Yes Displays a popup to enter latitude and longitude, type of place (landmark, city ...). The popup then inserts the relevant coor template

By default only buttons with a "*" in the standard column are displayed. This is keeps the total number of buttons down and avoids showing the more complex buttons in the default arrangement. To show the extra (non-default) buttons or alter the order of the buttons are showed see the section below 'Changing the layout').

Reference Buttons

The reference buttons come in two parts:

  1. Button 'R' (included by default) includes the basic reference tags
  2. Button 'R1','R2' and 'R3' allow you to build up a reference in parts. R1 starts a reference. R2 lets you add the reference material and 'R3' finishes the reference. You are likely to want all these buttons or none of them

Changing the layout: XEBOrder

XEB displays the standard buttons in the order listed above automatically.

You can change the order of the buttons and which buttons are displayed by creating a Javascript variable XEBOrder. Set this variable equal to a string containing each button's code separated by commas. The order of the buttons in XEBOrder is the order they are displayed on the toolbar. For example:

document.write('<script type="text/javascript" src="' 
             + ' edit buttons/dev.js' 
             + '&action=raw&ctype=text/javascript&dontcountme=s"></script>');

Removing buttons: rmEditButtons

rmEditButtons is an array which lists the index numbers of the standard english wikipedia buttons you wish to remove. For example:


will remove buttons 0 and 2 from your toolbar.


will remove all the standard buttons from your toolbar. You may wish to use this option if you want to fully customise the toolbar and specify where the standard buttons appear in the toolbar.

rmEditButtons can only remove buttons that Wikipedia itself places on your toolbar. These buttons have numbered IDs. IF you wish to remove buttons from the default extra buttons supplied by XEB then you must use the XEBOrder variable and specify all the buttons you want XEB to add to your toolbar.

Standard Wikipedia buttons

The Wikimedia software used to power Wikipedia provides 10 standard buttons. The English version of Wikipedia then provides a further 11 standard buttons. These 21 buttons are the default toolbar shown to users. XEB provides access to these buttons using numeric codes starting from 0 (so Bold is 0, Italic is 1). You can use these codes in two ways: (i) You can include them in XEBOrder to make a standard button appear somewhere else in the toolbar, (ii) You can use then in rmEditButtons to stop wikipedia displaying them. In this way you can customise the whole toolbar.

User defined buttons: myButtons

XEB can also work with extra buttons created by the user. To do this you must define the myButtons variable in your monobook.js. The format of myButtons is:



  • Code is a code for the button. You should place this code in XEBOrder to make your button appear on the toolbar. You can use any text you like. However, it is recommended that you start the code with an underscore to make sure it doesn't clash with any future standard XEB buttons. This must be in upper case letters.
  • URL is the full URL to the button image. You must enter the URL of the image on its own, rather than the Wikimedia page that describes the button, so use: Bouton_Vandale0.png rather than
  • ToolTip is the popup tooltip that will appear when the mouse moves over the button.
  • Before is the text to insert before the current cursor location.
  • After is the text to place after the current cursor location.
  • Text is the text that is placed between before and after. If the user has selected text in the edit box when the button is pressed this selected text will be placed between before and after instead.

This example defines two extra buttons:

myButtons={'_ZZ':['','Mark Test','Before','After','Middle'],
'_ZA':['','Mark2 Test','111','333','222']};

For more examples and usable buttons, see the !voting/discussion buttons made by Willscrlt.

Pictures for myButtons

This is the list of buttons we know of so far (the list below includes the standard buttons). Buttons used by the 'extra buttons' have captions. Please upload any new buttons you find to the commons:Category:ButtonToolbar and add them to the gallery below (in alphabetical image order, so we can find duplicates and easily know what is there). Buttons not in Commons cat are tagged as MOVE TO COMMONS (please upload them to Commons and remove the tag from the gallery). The list as of now may contain duplicates, images not upload to commons and images at commons not at category — please help fix it!


From the 6 March 2007 XEB includes popups on a number of buttons. Popups are dialog boxes that float over the web page when you click on the button. The dialog boxes are to make it easier to customise in more detail the markup code that gets entered.

The popups currently available are:

Button Code Button Description Comment
GEO GEO Link Allows the user to set:
  • Latitude and Longitude. You can enter just the degrees, the degrees and minutes or the degrees, minutes and seconds.
  • Should the location appear in the title bar or in the middle of the page
  • The type of location (city/landmark...).
  • The region of the location

The popup then generates a coor template.

E Table Allows the user to set:
  • Number of rows
  • Number of columns
  • If the table is sortable
  • Whether or not a title row is required.
AI Advanced Image Allows the user to set:
  • Image Size
  • Image location
  • Image caption
  • Image URL
R Reference Allows the user to set:
  • The name of the footnote
  • The text of the footnote


If you want something extra added or changed then you can:

  • Amend the code. Please note: If you amend the main code (User:MarkS/extraeditbuttons.js) then everybody who uses XEB will pick up the change at the same. For this reason you should test changes in a development version (see below) before amending the live code.
  • Leave a request on the talk page, ideally with the code you want added.


Wikipedia has revised how it builds toolbar buttons. Wikipedia now seems to build its toolbar buttons through on onload event after the page has loaded. Extra edit buttons overrode this which stopped the buttons working. However, as the buttons are now loading after the page has loaded the extra edit buttons now have to be added first. The choice was either add the buttons before wikipedia's or add them on a separate line. I have gone for a separate line.
I have removed all the original code which insert HTML into the toolbar and replaced it by filling in the javascript array wmCustomEditButtons. This seems to be the official way to do it and the resulting code is a lot neater.
  • June 26 2006 Added 4 extra buttons: template, category, reflink and references
  • October 13 2006 Complete rewrite of the code added. Ability to change the order of the buttons and which buttons are shown.
  • November 19 2006 Added tl button and updated two images.
  • December 13 2006 All toolbar buttons (XEB and standard buttons) are now fully customizable. Changes to the timing of when the buttons are setup. Users can now defined their own buttons. Ability to remove some or all of the standard buttons. Order of standard Wikipedia buttons can changed.
  • 6 March 2007 Major upgrade. XEB now features popups on some of the buttons. These display a dialog box to complete with parameters. The markup code then depends on the inserted text.
  • 8 March 2007. Quick update to fix a bug. It looks as if the order of items in the array which stores the mediaWiki standard buttons has changed. When these were copied to XEB then the URL of the image ended up as the popup text. This quick update copies the info a different way. The bug only affect people who reused the standard MediaWiki buttons elsewhere in the toolbar.
  • 28 April 2007. Update to the way text from popups is inserted into the page. This mainly affects IE which had problems putting the text in right place after Wikipedia's edit box had lost focus. Version: 3.1

Development Versions

My test version can be found under User:MarkS/Extra edit buttons/dev.js. This version may or may not be different to the live version. You can use this version by updating your monobook.js to use the test version rather than the live version.

If trying out your own changes then you can use the test version or you may find it easier to take a copy of the live code and create a test version under your userpages. Change the reference in your monobook.js to this test version. Then try out your changes. Once your changes have been made and tested then either update the live code or ask me. Note: When I update the live version I usually test in IE7, Opera and Firefox (Windows versions).

Installing XEB on your own Wiki

Installing XEB on setups other than Wikipedia is not something that is supported. However, the steps may help:

  1. You will need your own setup of the MediaWiki software. This is not something I can help you with. However, I have used meta:Wiki on a stick and found it easy to setup. I have also installed XEB on it.
  2. You must enable users to run Javascript by setting $wgAllowUserJS to true in LocalSettings.php (see: [1])
  3. For the simplest install create a user called MarkS (or see below at 6).
  4. Copy the XEB script from User:MarkS/extraeditbuttons.js to the same location on your wiki
  5. Copy the XEB css from User:MarkS/XEB/live.css to the same location on your wiki
  6. Get users to include the script by editing their monobook.js. (Note: The easiest way to do this without creating a user MarkS is adding an accordant line in [MonoBook].php (the php of your skin)!) You might be able to do this the same way that it works on Wikipedia (see the top of this article). Alternatively use the following lines (changing the URL as necessary):
 document.write('<script type="text/javascript" src="' 
             + '' 
             + '&action=raw&ctype=text/javascript&dontcountme=s"></script>');
7. Once the script is running you should move the images from MediaWiki to your own wiki.

There may be other ways to install the script. For example it could be installed in common.js which would provide the script to all users. I have never tried this.



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