Physics307L F09:People/Smith/styles/apjuc

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% Copyright (C) 1990 Sake J. Hogeveen.

% Corrected by Mike Gross to correspond to ApJ citation style % ALL FILE NAMES HAVE BEEN CHANGED FROM THE ASTRON PACKAGE, except mnemonic.bib, % which is unchanged.

% This is APJ.BST, a BibTeX style for use with BibTeX version 0.99c. % APJ.BST has to be used in conjunction with the LaTeX style APJ.STY. % Both files are slightly hacked versions of the ASTRON package.

% ASTRON.BST is an adaptation of APALIKE.BST by Oren Patashnik and Suzan King.

% This style produces citations in the `author-year' format, which is widely % used among astronomical journals. % It supports two forms of citation: the \cite command produces: (Author, year) % in the text; the \cite* command only: (year) .

% The long an short citation trickery is adapted from NAMED.BST by % Peter F. Patel-Schneider.

% Copyright Notice: % The files ASTRON.BST, ASTRON.STY, ASTDOC.TEX, ASTDOC.BIB, EXAMPLE.TEX, % EXAMPLE.BIB, MNEMONIC.BIB, and TEMPLATE.BIB are a package. % You may copy and distribute them freely for non-commercial purposes, % provided that you keep the package together and this copyright notice % in tact. % You may not alter or modify the files; this helps to ensure that all % distributions of ASTRON.BST and related files are the same. % If you make any modifications, then you must give the files new names, % other than the present. % % -- Previous restriction performed by Mike Gross--name changed to apj.bst. % % The author bears no responsibilities for errors in this document or % the software it describes; and shall not be held liable for any indirect, % incidental, or consequential damages.

ENTRY

 { address
   author
   booktitle
   chapter
   edition
   editor
   howpublished
   institution
   journal
   key

% month not used in apalike

   note
   number
   organization
   pages
   publisher
   school
   series
   title
   type
   volume
   year
 }
 {}
 { label extra.label sort.label }

INTEGERS { output.state before.all mid.sentence after.sentence after.block }

FUNCTION {init.state.consts} { #0 'before.all :=

 #1 'mid.sentence :=
 #2 'after.sentence :=
 #3 'after.block :=

}

STRINGS { s t }

FUNCTION {output.nonnull} { 's :=

 output.state mid.sentence =
   { ", " * write$ }
   { output.state after.block =
       { ", " *  write$
         newline$
         "\newblock " write$
       }
       { output.state before.all =
           'write$
           { ", " * write$ }
         if$
       }
     if$
     mid.sentence 'output.state :=
   }
 if$
 s

}

FUNCTION {output.nonnull.extra} { 's :=

 output.state mid.sentence =

% changed by hk. % { " " * write$ }

   { ", " * write$ }
   { output.state after.block =
       { ", " *  write$
         newline$
         "\newblock " write$
       }
       { output.state before.all =
           'write$
           { ", " * write$ }
         if$
       }
     if$
     mid.sentence 'output.state :=
   }
 if$
 s

}

FUNCTION {output} { duplicate$ empty$

   'pop$
   'output.nonnull
 if$

}

FUNCTION {output.extra} { duplicate$ empty$

   'pop$
   'output.nonnull.extra
 if$

}

FUNCTION {output.check} { 't :=

 duplicate$ empty$
   { pop$ "empty " t * " in " * cite$ * warning$ }
   'output.nonnull
 if$

}

FUNCTION {output.check.extra} { 't :=

 duplicate$ empty$
   { pop$ "empty " t * " in " * cite$ * warning$ }
   'output.nonnull.extra
 if$

}

% apalike needs this function because % the year has special punctuation; % apalike ignores the month FUNCTION {output.year.check} { year empty$

   { "empty year in " cite$ * warning$ }
   { write$

% changed by hk. % ": " year * extra.label *

     " " year * extra.label *
     mid.sentence 'output.state :=
   }
 if$

}

FUNCTION {output.bibitem} { newline$

 "\bibitem[" write$
 label write$
 "]{" write$
 cite$ write$
 "}" write$
 newline$
 ""
 before.all 'output.state :=

}

FUNCTION {fin.entry} { write$

 newline$

}

FUNCTION {new.block} { output.state before.all =

   'skip$
   { after.block 'output.state := }
 if$

}

FUNCTION {new.sentence} { output.state after.block =

   'skip$
   { output.state before.all =
       'skip$
       { after.sentence 'output.state := }
     if$
   }
 if$

}

FUNCTION {not} { { #0 }

   { #1 }
 if$

}

FUNCTION {and} { 'skip$

   { pop$ #0 }
 if$

}

FUNCTION {or} { { pop$ #1 }

   'skip$
 if$

}

FUNCTION {new.block.checkb} { empty$

 swap$ empty$
 and
   'skip$
   'new.block
 if$

}

FUNCTION {field.or.null} { duplicate$ empty$

   { pop$ "" }
   'skip$
 if$

}

FUNCTION {boldface} { duplicate$ empty$

   { pop$ "" }
   { "{\bf " swap$ * "}" * }
 if$

}

FUNCTION {emphasize} { duplicate$ empty$

   { pop$ "" }
   { "{\em " swap$ * "}" * }
 if$

}

INTEGERS { nameptr namesleft numnames }

FUNCTION {format.names} { 's :=

 #1 'nameptr :=
 s num.names$ 'numnames :=
 numnames 'namesleft :=
   { namesleft #0 > }

% changed by hk. % { s nameptr "{vv~}{ll}{ jj}{ f.}" format.name$ 't :=  % last name first

    { s nameptr "{vv~}{ll}{, jj}{, f.}" format.name$ 't :=   % last name first
     nameptr #1 >
       { namesleft #1 >
           { ", " * t * }
           { numnames #2 >
               { "," * }
               'skip$
             if$
             t "others" =
               { " et~al." * }
               { " \& " * t * }
             if$
           }
         if$
       }
       't
     if$
     nameptr #1 + 'nameptr :=
     namesleft #1 - 'namesleft :=
   }
 while$

}

FUNCTION {format.ed.names} { 's :=

 #1 'nameptr :=
 s num.names$ 'numnames :=
 numnames 'namesleft :=
   { namesleft #0 > }
   { s nameptr "{f. }{vv~}{ll}{, jj}" format.name$ 't :=
     nameptr #1 >
       { namesleft #1 >
           { ", " * t * }
           { numnames #2 >
               { "," * }
               'skip$
             if$
             t "others" =
               { " et~al." * }
               { " \& " * t * }
             if$
           }
         if$
       }
       't
     if$
     nameptr #1 + 'nameptr :=
     namesleft #1 - 'namesleft :=
   }
 while$

}

FUNCTION {format.authors} { author empty$

   { "" }
   { author format.names }
 if$

}

FUNCTION {format.key}  % this function is just for apalike { empty$

   { key field.or.null }
   { "" }
 if$

}

FUNCTION {format.editors} { editor empty$

   { "" }
   { editor format.names
     editor num.names$ #1 >
       { " (eds.)" * }
       { " (ed.)" * }
     if$
   }
 if$

}

FUNCTION {format.editors.extra} { editor empty$

   { "" }
   { editor format.ed.names
     editor num.names$ #1 >
       { " (eds.)" * }
       { " (ed.)" * }
     if$
   }
 if$

}

FUNCTION {format.title} { title empty$

   { "" }
   { title "t" change.case$ }
 if$

}

FUNCTION {n.dashify} { 't :=

 ""
   { t empty$ not }
   { t #1 #1 substring$ "-" =
       { t #1 #2 substring$ "--" = not
           { "--" *
             t #2 global.max$ substring$ 't :=
           }
           {   { t #1 #1 substring$ "-" = }
               { "-" *
                 t #2 global.max$ substring$ 't :=
               }
             while$
           }
         if$
       }
       { t #1 #1 substring$ *
         t #2 global.max$ substring$ 't :=
       }
     if$
   }
 while$

}

FUNCTION {first.page.number} { 't :=

 ""
   { t "" =
       { #0 }
       { t #1 #1 substring$ "-" = not }
     if$
   }
   { t #1 #1 substring$ *
     t #2 global.max$ substring$ 't :=
   }
 while$

}

FUNCTION {format.btitle} { title emphasize }

FUNCTION {tie.or.space.connect} { duplicate$ text.length$ #3 <

   { "~" }
   { " " }
 if$
 swap$ * *

}

FUNCTION {either.or.check} { empty$

   'pop$
   { "can't use both " swap$ * " fields in " * cite$ * warning$ }
 if$

}

FUNCTION {format.bvolume} { volume empty$

   { "" }
   { "Vol." volume tie.or.space.connect
     series empty$
       'skip$
       { " of " * series emphasize * }
     if$
     "volume and number" number either.or.check
   }
 if$

}

FUNCTION {format.number.series} { volume empty$

   { number empty$
       { series field.or.null }
       { output.state mid.sentence =
           { "No." }
           { "No." }
         if$
         number tie.or.space.connect
         series empty$
           { "there's a number but no series in " cite$ * warning$ }
           { " in " * series * }
         if$
       }
     if$
   }
   { "" }
 if$

}

FUNCTION {format.edition} { edition empty$

   { "" }
   { output.state mid.sentence =
       { edition "l" change.case$ " edition" * }
       { edition "t" change.case$ " edition" * }
     if$
   }
 if$

}

INTEGERS { multiresult }

FUNCTION {multi.page.check} { 't :=

 #0 'multiresult :=
   { multiresult not
     t empty$ not
     and
   }
   { t #1 #1 substring$
     duplicate$ "-" =
     swap$ duplicate$ "," =
     swap$ "+" =
     or or
       { #1 'multiresult := }
       { t #2 global.max$ substring$ 't := }
     if$
   }
 while$
 multiresult

}

FUNCTION {format.pages} { pages empty$

   { "" }
   { pages multi.page.check
   { "pp" pages n.dashify tie.or.space.connect }
   { "p." pages tie.or.space.connect }
     if$
   }
 if$

}

FUNCTION {format.page} { pages empty$

   { "" }
   { "p.~" pages first.page.number * }
 if$

}

FUNCTION {format.vol.num.pages} { volume field.or.null

 number empty$
   'skip$
   { "(" number * ")" * *
     volume empty$
       { "there's a number but no volume in " cite$ * warning$ }
       'skip$
     if$
   }
 if$
 pages empty$
   'skip$
   { duplicate$ empty$
       { pop$ format.pages }
       { boldface ", " * pages n.dashify * }
     if$
   }
 if$

}

FUNCTION {format.vol.num.page} { volume field.or.null

 number empty$
   'skip$
   { "(" number * ")" * *
     volume empty$
       { "there's a number but no volume in " cite$ * warning$ }
       'skip$
     if$
   }
 if$
 pages empty$
   'skip$
   { duplicate$ empty$
       { pop$ format.pages }
       { boldface ", " * pages first.page.number * }
     if$
   }
 if$

}

FUNCTION {format.chapter.pages} { chapter empty$

   'format.pages
   { type empty$
       { "Chapt." }
       { type "l" change.case$ }
     if$
     chapter tie.or.space.connect
     pages empty$
       'skip$
       { ", " * format.pages * }
     if$
   }
 if$

}

FUNCTION {format.in.ed.booktitle} { booktitle empty$

   { "" }
   { editor empty$
       { "in " booktitle emphasize * }
   { "in " format.editors.extra * ", " * booktitle emphasize * }
     if$
   }
 if$

}

FUNCTION {format.thesis.type} { type empty$

   'skip$
   { pop$
     type "t" change.case$
   }
 if$

}

FUNCTION {format.tr.number} { type empty$

   { "Technical Report" }
   'type
 if$
 number empty$
   { "t" change.case$ }
   { number tie.or.space.connect }
 if$

}

FUNCTION {format.article.crossref} { "in"  % this is for apalike

 " \cite{" * crossref * "}" *

}

FUNCTION {format.book.crossref} { volume empty$

   { "empty volume in " cite$ * "'s crossref of " * crossref * warning$
     "in "
   }
   { "Vol." volume tie.or.space.connect
     " of " *
   }
 if$
 "\cite{" * crossref * "}" *                           % this is for apalike

}

FUNCTION {format.incoll.inproc.crossref} { "in"  % this is for apalike

 " \cite{" * crossref * "}" *

}

FUNCTION {article} { output.bibitem

 format.authors "author" output.check
 author format.key output                              % special for
 output.year.check                                     % apalike
 new.block
 crossref missing$
   { journal emphasize "journal" output.check.extra
     format.vol.num.page output.extra
   }
   { format.article.crossref output.nonnull
     format.page output
   }
 if$
 new.block
 note output
 fin.entry

}

FUNCTION {book} { output.bibitem

 author empty$
   { format.editors "author and editor" output.check
     editor format.key output
   }
   { format.authors output.nonnull
     crossref missing$
       { "author and editor" editor either.or.check }
       'skip$
     if$
   }
 if$
 output.year.check                             % special for apalike
 new.block
 format.btitle "title" output.check
 crossref missing$
   { format.bvolume output
     new.block
     format.number.series output
     new.sentence
     publisher "publisher" output.check
     address output
   }
   { new.block
     format.book.crossref output.nonnull
   }
 if$
 format.edition output
 new.block
 note output
 fin.entry

}

FUNCTION {booklet} { output.bibitem

 format.authors output
 author format.key output                              % special for
 output.year.check                                     % apalike
 new.block
 format.btitle "title" output.check
 new.block
 howpublished output
 address output
 new.block
 note output
 fin.entry

}

FUNCTION {inbook} { output.bibitem

 author empty$
   { format.editors "author and editor" output.check
     editor format.key output
   }
   { format.authors output.nonnull
     crossref missing$
       { "author and editor" editor either.or.check }
       'skip$
     if$
   }
 if$
 output.year.check                             % special for apalike
 new.block
 format.btitle "title" output.check
 crossref missing$
   { format.bvolume output
     format.chapter.pages "chapter and pages" output.check
     new.block
     format.number.series output
     new.sentence
     publisher "publisher" output.check
     address output
   }
   { format.chapter.pages "chapter and pages" output.check
     new.block
     format.book.crossref output.nonnull
   }
 if$
 format.edition output
 new.block
 note output
 fin.entry

}

FUNCTION {incollection} { output.bibitem

 format.authors "author" output.check
 author format.key output                              % special for
 output.year.check                                     % apalike
 new.block

% format.title "title" output.check % new.block

 crossref missing$
   { format.in.ed.booktitle "booktitle" output.check
     format.bvolume output
     format.number.series output
     format.chapter.pages output
     new.sentence
     publisher "publisher" output.check
     address output
     format.edition output
   }
   { format.incoll.inproc.crossref output.nonnull
     format.chapter.pages output
   }
 if$
 new.block
 note output
 fin.entry

}

FUNCTION {inproceedings} { output.bibitem

 format.authors "author" output.check
 author format.key output                              % special for
 output.year.check                                     % apalike
 new.block

% format.title "title" output.check % new.block

 crossref missing$
   { format.in.ed.booktitle "booktitle" output.check
     format.bvolume output
     format.number.series output
     format.pages output
     new.sentence                                      % there's no year
     organization output                               % here so things
     publisher output                                  % are simpler
     address output                                    % for apalike
   }
   { format.incoll.inproc.crossref output.nonnull
     format.pages output
   }
 if$
 new.block
 note output
 fin.entry

}

FUNCTION {conference} { inproceedings }

FUNCTION {manual} { output.bibitem

 format.authors output
 author format.key output                              % special for
 output.year.check                                     % apalike
 new.block
 format.btitle "title" output.check
 organization address new.block.checkb
 organization output
 address output
 format.edition output
 new.block
 note output
 fin.entry

}

FUNCTION {mastersthesis} { output.bibitem

 format.authors "author" output.check
 author format.key output                              % special for
 output.year.check                                     % apalike
 new.block

% format.title "title" output.check % new.block

 "Master's thesis" emphasize format.thesis.type output.nonnull
 school "school" output.check
 address output
 new.block
 note output
 fin.entry

}

FUNCTION {misc} { output.bibitem

 format.authors output
 author format.key output                              % special for
 output.year.check                                     % apalike
 new.block
 format.btitle output
 new.block
 howpublished output
 new.block
 note output
 fin.entry

}

FUNCTION {phdthesis} { output.bibitem

 format.authors "author" output.check
 author format.key output                              % special for
 output.year.check                                     % apalike
 new.block

% format.btitle "title" output.check % new.block

 "Ph.D. thesis" emphasize format.thesis.type output.nonnull
 school "school" output.check
 address output
 new.block
 note output
 fin.entry

}

FUNCTION {proceedings} { output.bibitem

 format.editors output
 editor format.key output                              % special for
 output.year.check                                     % apalike
 new.block
 format.btitle "title" output.check
 format.bvolume output
 format.number.series output
 address output                                % for apalike
 new.sentence                                  % we always output
 organization output                           % a nonempty organization
 publisher output                              % here
 new.block
 note output
 fin.entry

}

FUNCTION {techreport} { output.bibitem

 format.authors "author" output.check
 author format.key output                              % special for
 output.year.check                                     % apalike
 new.block
 format.btitle "title" output.check
 new.block
 format.tr.number output.nonnull
 institution "institution" output.check
 address output
 new.block
 note output
 fin.entry

}

FUNCTION {unpublished} { output.bibitem

 format.authors "author" output.check
 author format.key output                              % special for
 output.year.check                                     % apalike
 new.block
 format.btitle "title" output.check
 new.block
 note "note" output.check
 fin.entry

}

FUNCTION {default.type} { misc }

MACRO {jan} {"Jan."}

MACRO {feb} {"Feb."}

MACRO {mar} {"Mar."}

MACRO {apr} {"Apr,"}

MACRO {may} {"May"}

MACRO {jun} {"June"}

MACRO {jul} {"July"}

MACRO {aug} {"Aug."}

MACRO {sep} {"Sept."}

MACRO {oct} {"Oct."}

MACRO {nov} {"Nov."}

MACRO {dec} {"Dec."}

READ

FUNCTION {sortify} { purify$

 "l" change.case$

}

INTEGERS { len }

FUNCTION {chop.word} { 's :=

 'len :=
 s #1 len substring$ =
   { s len #1 + global.max$ substring$ }
   's
 if$

}

% There are three apalike cases: one person (Jones), % two (Jones \& de~Bruijn), and more (Jones et~al.). % This function is much like format.crossref.editors. % FUNCTION {format.lab.names} { 's :=

 s #1 "{vv~}{ll}" format.name$
 s num.names$ duplicate$
 #2 >
   { pop$ " et~al." * }
   { #2 <
       'skip$
       { s #2 "{ff }{vv }{ll}{ jj}" format.name$ "others" =
           { " et~al." * }
           { " \& " * s #2 "{vv~}{ll}" format.name$ * }
         if$
       }
     if$
   }
 if$

}

FUNCTION {author.key.label} { author empty$

   { key empty$
       { cite$ #1 #3 substring$ }
       'key                                    % apalike uses the whole key
     if$
   }
   { author format.lab.names }
 if$

}

FUNCTION {author.editor.key.label} { author empty$

   { editor empty$
       { key empty$
           { cite$ #1 #3 substring$ }
           'key                                % apalike uses the whole key
         if$
       }
       { editor format.lab.names }
     if$
   }
   { author format.lab.names }
 if$

}

FUNCTION {editor.key.label} { editor empty$

   { key empty$
       { cite$ #1 #3 substring$ }
       'key                    % apalike uses the whole key, no organization
     if$
   }
   { editor format.lab.names }
 if$

}

FUNCTION {calc.label} { type$ "book" =

 type$ "inbook" =
 or
   'author.editor.key.label
   { type$ "proceedings" =
       'editor.key.label                       % apalike ignores organization
       'author.key.label                       % for labeling and sorting
     if$
   }
 if$
 "\protect\astroncite{" swap$ * "}{"                   % these three lines are
 *                                                     % for apalike, which
 year field.or.null purify$ #-1 #4 substring$          % uses all four digits
 *                       % the mathing closing "}" comes in at the reverse.pass
 'label :=

}

FUNCTION {sort.format.names} { 's :=

 #1 'nameptr :=
 ""
 s num.names$ 'numnames :=
 numnames 'namesleft :=
   { namesleft #0 > }
   { nameptr #1 >
       { "   " * }
       'skip$
     if$                                               % apalike uses initials
     s nameptr "{vv{ } }{ll{ }}{  f{ }}{  jj{ }}" format.name$ 't := % <= here
     nameptr numnames = t "others" = and
       { "et al" * }
       { t sortify * }
     if$
     nameptr #1 + 'nameptr :=
     namesleft #1 - 'namesleft :=
   }
 while$

}

FUNCTION {sort.format.title} { 't :=

 "A " #2
   "An " #3
     "The " #4 t chop.word
   chop.word
 chop.word
 sortify
 #1 global.max$ substring$

}

FUNCTION {author.sort} { author empty$

   { key empty$
       { "to sort, need author or key in " cite$ * warning$
         ""
       }
       { key sortify }
     if$
   }
   { author sort.format.names }
 if$

}

FUNCTION {author.editor.sort} { author empty$

   { editor empty$
       { key empty$
           { "to sort, need author, editor, or key in " cite$ * warning$
             ""
           }
           { key sortify }
         if$
       }
       { editor sort.format.names }
     if$
   }
   { author sort.format.names }
 if$

}

FUNCTION {editor.sort} { editor empty$

   { key empty$
       { "to sort, need editor or key in " cite$ * warning$
         ""
       }
       { key sortify }
     if$
   }
   { editor sort.format.names }
 if$

}

% apalike uses two sorting passes; the first one sets the % labels so that the `a's, `b's, etc. can be computed; % the second pass puts the references in "correct" order. % The presort function is for the first pass. It computes % label, sort.label, and title, and then concatenates. FUNCTION {presort} { calc.label

 label sortify
 "    "
 *
 type$ "book" =
 type$ "inbook" =
 or
   'author.editor.sort
   { type$ "proceedings" =
       'editor.sort
       'author.sort
     if$
   }
 if$
 #1 entry.max$ substring$      % for
 'sort.label :=                % apalike
 sort.label                    % style
 *
 "    "
 *
 title field.or.null
 sort.format.title
 *
 #1 entry.max$ substring$
 'sort.key$ :=

}

ITERATE {presort}

SORT  % by label, sort.label, title---for final label calculation

STRINGS { last.label next.extra }  % apalike labels are only for the text;

INTEGERS { last.extra.num }  % there are none in the bibliography

FUNCTION {initialize.extra.label.stuff} % and hence there is no `longest.label' { #0 int.to.chr$ 'last.label :=

 "" 'next.extra :=
 #0 'last.extra.num :=

}

FUNCTION {forward.pass} { last.label label =

   { last.extra.num #1 + 'last.extra.num :=
     last.extra.num int.to.chr$ 'extra.label :=
   }
   { "a" chr.to.int$ 'last.extra.num :=
     "" 'extra.label :=
     label 'last.label :=
   }
 if$

}

FUNCTION {reverse.pass} { next.extra "b" =

   { "a" 'extra.label := }
   'skip$
 if$
 label extra.label * "}" * 'label :=
 extra.label 'next.extra :=

}

EXECUTE {initialize.extra.label.stuff}

ITERATE {forward.pass}

REVERSE {reverse.pass}

% Now that the label is right we sort for real, % on sort.label then year then title. This is % for the second sorting pass. FUNCTION {bib.sort.order} { sort.label

 "    "
 *
 year field.or.null sortify
 *
 "    "
 *
 title field.or.null
 sort.format.title
 *
 #1 entry.max$ substring$
 'sort.key$ :=

}

ITERATE {bib.sort.order}

SORT  % by sort.label, year, title---giving final bibliography order

FUNCTION {begin.bib} { preamble$ empty$  % no \etalchar in apalike

   'skip$
   { preamble$ write$ newline$ }
 if$
 "\begin{thebibliography}{}" write$ newline$           % no labels in apalike

}

EXECUTE {begin.bib}

EXECUTE {init.state.consts}

ITERATE {call.type$}

FUNCTION {end.bib} { newline$

 "\end{thebibliography}" write$ newline$

}

EXECUTE {end.bib}

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