Electron DiffractionSJK 16:15, 11 October 2009 (EDT)
Using Bragg diffraction we can measure the atomic spacing within a sheet of graphite. Using an electron gun we can accelerate a free electron by applying a potential through an anode, the resulting
magnetic fieldelectric will propel the electron. To minimize interference from air the electron is sent traveling through a vacuumed sealed tube. The electron then strikes the end of the tube, where a diffraction pattern can be seen.
Once the pattern was observed (which takes the form of a ring) I simply measured it's diameter and recorded it along with the potential needed to create that particular size of ring. The data is collected and using the relation:
λ = Rd / L and R=d/2, is true for small angles, we get:
We can then calculate the lattice spacing within the graphite by measuring the difraction rings created on the electron gun tube.
Data analysisSJK 16:11, 11 October 2009 (EDT)
Using my data from day two I came up with a mean of :0.106nm(1) and 0.190nm(1) for the spacings within the graphite. The following picture is a chart plotting both the inner and outer lattice spacings along with the error bars for one standard deviation.
I learned a lot from this lab, including the importance of taking time for careful measurements, my errors were mostly due to difficulty seeing the diffraction rings especially at lower potentials. My day 2 results were used because I noticed that I was measuring my first results at different angles leading to inconsistencies.