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  • Fick's first law: \phi(x,t)=-D\frac{\partial c(x,t)}{\partial x}
    • Flux is proportional to the concentration gradient
  • Continuity equation: -\frac{\partial\phi(x,t)}{\partial x} = \frac{\partial c(x,t)}{\partial t}
    • A flux gradient leads to change in concentration over time
  • Diffusion equation: \frac{\partial c(x,t)}{\partial t} = D\frac{\partial^2 c(x,t)}{\partial x^2}
  • Steady state solution: time-invariant (\frac{\partial c}{\partial t}=0, \frac{\partial\phi}{\partial t}=0)
    • φ(x,t) = φ0
    • c(x,t) = -\frac{\phi_0}{D}X+\alpha
  • Equilibrium: Zero flux + time invariant
    • φ(x,t) = 0,C(x,t) = constant (uniform distribution)
  • Impulse response: Gaussian c(x,t)=\frac{n_0}{\sqrt{4\pi Dt}}e^{-x^2/(4Dt)}
    • x^2 \approx Dt
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