Knight:DNA Spots

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(Using spots to transform E. coli)
Line 23: Line 23:
**''I used a Micro Punch for this - it cuts out circles with a 2 mm diameter''
**''I used a Micro Punch for this - it cuts out circles with a 2 mm diameter''
*Soak spot in 20 μL 10:1 TE for 15 minutes.  
*Soak spot in 20 μL 10:1 TE for 15 minutes.  
-
*Add 5 μL of the TE the spot soaked in to 50 μL competent cells to be transformed
+
*Thaw competent cells on ice while spots soak
 +
**''I used Top10 chemically competent cells''
 +
*Add 5 μL of the TE the spot soaked in to 50 μL competent cells
**''Spots could also be directly added to cells. Soaking in TE is better though, since there is DNA left over if the transformation does not work for some reason.''
**''Spots could also be directly added to cells. Soaking in TE is better though, since there is DNA left over if the transformation does not work for some reason.''
 +
*Incubate cells on ice for 30 minutes
 +
*Heat shock cells at 43 °C
 +
**If cells are in individual tubes, heat shock for 30 seconds, if in a 96-well plate extend the heat shock to 1 minute
 +
*Incubate cells on ice for 2 minutes
 +
*Add 200 μL SOC
 +
*Incubate at 37 °C for 2 hours
 +
*Spread cells on previously made LB plates with proper antibiotic
 +
*Grow overnight at 37 °C

Revision as of 10:08, 27 July 2007

Contents

Materials

  • For making Spots:
    • 1% Cresol Red
    • DNA at a concentration between 10 and 100 ng/μL
    • 100% cotton, acid free thesis paper
  • For using spots:
    • Micro Punch or some other method of removing excess paper surrounding dried DNA
    • TE
    • Competent Cells

Procedure

Making Spots

  • Mix 1 part 1% Cresol Red with 4 parts 10-100 ng/μL DNA
    • The exact amounts depend on how many 2 μL spots you plan to make
    • Using the excess of Cresol Red is helpful for when you transform, since you can visibly tell which cells have had DNA added and which have not
  • Make 2 μL spots on 100% cotton, acid free thesis paper
  • Leave spots to dry at room temperature. This takes between 45 minutes and an hour
  • Once dry, spots can be used right away or stored at -20 °C

Using spots to transform E. coli

  • Cut out spot from surrounding paper
    • I used a Micro Punch for this - it cuts out circles with a 2 mm diameter
  • Soak spot in 20 μL 10:1 TE for 15 minutes.
  • Thaw competent cells on ice while spots soak
    • I used Top10 chemically competent cells
  • Add 5 μL of the TE the spot soaked in to 50 μL competent cells
    • Spots could also be directly added to cells. Soaking in TE is better though, since there is DNA left over if the transformation does not work for some reason.
  • Incubate cells on ice for 30 minutes
  • Heat shock cells at 43 °C
    • If cells are in individual tubes, heat shock for 30 seconds, if in a 96-well plate extend the heat shock to 1 minute
  • Incubate cells on ice for 2 minutes
  • Add 200 μL SOC
  • Incubate at 37 °C for 2 hours
  • Spread cells on previously made LB plates with proper antibiotic
  • Grow overnight at 37 °C
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