In vitro transcription with T7 RNA polymerase

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Adapted from: Cazenave, C., Uhlenbeck, O.C. ''Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA'' '''1994''', ''91'', 6972–6976.
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{{back to protocols}}
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==Protocol==
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'''In vitro T7 transcription''' is the synthesis of RNAs using a T7 promoter and purified enzyme. It is the standard method of making up to several mg of RNAs longer than about 20nts with relatively high quality as compared to solid phase synthesis.  
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In progress...
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===Template DNA===
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===Transcription buffer===
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1X buffer:
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50 mM Tris-Cl, pH 7.5
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In vitro transcribed RNAs like those from T7 or similar viral promoters like T3 and SP6 are important components for many molecular biology experiments. They can be used to generate (antisense) RNA probes for blot hybridisation and nuclease protection assays that are more sensitive than randomly primed DNA probes. Modified nucleotides containing isotopes like <sup>32</sup>P or detectable epitopes like DIG can be integrated into the RNA via T7 transcription. Synthesis can be scaled up for microinjection, viral RNA infection studies, in vitro translation, and binding experiments.
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15 mM MgCl2 (How do you make superscripts and subscripts?)
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The [[Sauer lab]] has an excellent, detailed protocol: [[Sauer:In vitro transcription with T7 RNA polymerase]].
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5 mM dithiothreitol (DTT)
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For a detailed description of PCR-based attachment of T7 promoters see [[Making RNA probes with T7 transcription]].
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2 mM spermidine
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== See also ==
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* [[Knight:In vitro transcription|Knight:In vitro transcription with E. coli RNA polymerase]]
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Make 10X stock and store at -20 ˚C.
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== Related OWW pages ==
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* [[Rebuilding T7]]
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* [[Endy:Dedicated systems/Transcription]]
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* vectors with an N-terminal T7 sequence: [http://openwetware.org/images/2/27/PET11a.pdf pET11a-d], [http://openwetware.org/images/0/08/Vector_Map_-_pET-3a.pdf pET-3a-d]
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* vector for blue/white screening and T7 transcription [http://openwetware.org/images/1/1c/PETBlue_2.pdf pETBlue]
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===T7 RNA polymerase===
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== External links ==
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Clones of T7 RNA polymerase with an N-terminal His-6 tag are available. (see [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=9116496&query_hl=1 He B, Rong M, Lyakhov D, Gartenstein H, Diaz G, Castagna R, McAllister WT, Durbin RK. ''Protein Expr Purif.'' '''1997''', ''9'', 142–151.])
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* [http://genetics.mgh.harvard.edu/szostakweb/protocols/transcription/index.html T7 transcription protocol by Jonathan Davies of Harvard Uni (1998)]
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* [http://www.ambion.com/techlib/basics/transcription/index.html In vitro transcription basics at Ambion]
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* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T7_RNA_polymerase T7 RNA polymerase - Wikipedia], [http://www.fermentas.com/catalog/modifyingenzymes/rnapolymerases.htm RNA polymerases - Fermentas]
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It is highly recommended that you obtain this clone and purify your own polymerase. The prep is easy, you should obtain a large amount of polymerase with high activity from a single prep, and you will save a lot of money by not buying the polymerase.
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[[Category:Protocol]]
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[[Category:RNA]]
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[[Category:In vitro]]

Current revision

back to protocols

In vitro T7 transcription is the synthesis of RNAs using a T7 promoter and purified enzyme. It is the standard method of making up to several mg of RNAs longer than about 20nts with relatively high quality as compared to solid phase synthesis.

In vitro transcribed RNAs like those from T7 or similar viral promoters like T3 and SP6 are important components for many molecular biology experiments. They can be used to generate (antisense) RNA probes for blot hybridisation and nuclease protection assays that are more sensitive than randomly primed DNA probes. Modified nucleotides containing isotopes like 32P or detectable epitopes like DIG can be integrated into the RNA via T7 transcription. Synthesis can be scaled up for microinjection, viral RNA infection studies, in vitro translation, and binding experiments.

The Sauer lab has an excellent, detailed protocol: Sauer:In vitro transcription with T7 RNA polymerase.

For a detailed description of PCR-based attachment of T7 promoters see Making RNA probes with T7 transcription.

See also

Related OWW pages

External links

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