Dialysis, by Kyle Reed
Future of Dialysis
The University of California, San Francisco (USCF) has created an artificial kidney that requires no power source and is projected to be equal or less in cost then a kidney transplant. It will have an operational lifetime of around a decade; it can filter blood and respond to some chemicals in the system with feedback. The first clinical trials for this device are planned for 2017, and the device itself is on a accelerated track for FDA approval .
It is apparent that the both of the research approaches described above can have a drastic impact on the lives of those that require dialysis. Whether it be allowing them to regrow an entire kidney, or have an artificial one instead, it would allow people to live their lives without the worries of having to spend countless hours near a dialysis machine to survive. However, these technologies could prove to be even more important for those that are not even able to have dialysis due to financial restrictions.
Figure 6 shows the global market for dialysis as of January 2013. The "Rest of World" portion has been amplified with the growing market in India. Currently, there are 52,000 Indian patients on dialysis, but this is no where near the amount of people that require it. While dialysis in India costs 4 to 33 percent of the cost in the U.S., more then 90 percent of the 230,000 that develop chronic kidney failure each year are unable to acquire treatment .
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