Antigen retrieval

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Current revision (14:13, 2 November 2009) (view source)
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== Types of retrieval methods ==
== Types of retrieval methods ==
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# Heat treatment - mechanism: heat cleaves cross-links, exposes buried epitopes of proteins
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=== Heat treatment ===
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# Protease treatment
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* Mechanism: heat cleaves cross-links, exposes buried epitopes of proteins, protein unfolding/refolding
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# Detergent treatment
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* Specific protocol 1: citrate buffer [http://openwetware.org/wiki/Livesey:_Antigen_retrival][http://www.ihcworld.com/_protocols/epitope_retrieval/citrate_buffer.htm]
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* Specific protocol 2: Tris-EDTA buffer [http://www.ihcworld.com/_protocols/epitope_retrieval/tris_edta.htm]
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=== Protease treatment ===
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* Specific protocol 1: proteinase K [http://www.ihcworld.com/_protocols/epitope_retrieval/proteinase-k.htm]
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* Specific protocol 2: trypsin [http://www.ihcworld.com/_protocols/epitope_retrieval/trypsin.htm]
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=== Detergent treatment ===
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* Specific protocol: SDS [http://openwetware.org/wiki/Griffin:Immunofluorescence_Cell_Staining#Antigen_retrieval_for_cryostat_tissue_sections_or_cultured_cells]
== Personal and lab-specific protocols ==
== Personal and lab-specific protocols ==
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* [[Image:3stars.png]] [http://www.ihcworld.com/_technical_tips/antigen_retrieval_tips.htm detailed description of antigen retrieval methods at IHCWorld]
* [[Image:3stars.png]] [http://www.ihcworld.com/_technical_tips/antigen_retrieval_tips.htm detailed description of antigen retrieval methods at IHCWorld]
* [[Image:3stars.png]] [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17197287 Yamashita 2007] - 60 page detailed review article including antibody generation, fixation, and details on several antigen retrieval techniques
* [[Image:3stars.png]] [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17197287 Yamashita 2007] - 60 page detailed review article including antibody generation, fixation, and details on several antigen retrieval techniques
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* [http://www.nordiqc.org/Techniques/Epitope_retrieval.htm review of retrieval methods at NordiQC and examples of which antibodies work with which method]
* [http://www.bioreagents.com/pages/protocols.cfm#3|Antigen retrieval protocols using heat at Thermo]
* [http://www.bioreagents.com/pages/protocols.cfm#3|Antigen retrieval protocols using heat at Thermo]
* [http://www.rockland-inc.com/commerce/misc/Antigen_retrieval_methods.jsp|Heat and protease antigen retrieval at Rockland, Inc.]
* [http://www.rockland-inc.com/commerce/misc/Antigen_retrieval_methods.jsp|Heat and protease antigen retrieval at Rockland, Inc.]

Current revision

back to protocols

Detection techniques using antibodies often fail to work on PFA- or formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded sections. Antigen retrieval methods can then, in some cases, enable specific antibody detection. They work by reversing some of the chemical modification of epitopes during fixation. These procedures will not help much with epitope loss due to denaturation during sample treatment, like hot paraffin embedding.

Contents

Types of retrieval methods

Heat treatment

  • Mechanism: heat cleaves cross-links, exposes buried epitopes of proteins, protein unfolding/refolding
  • Specific protocol 1: citrate buffer [1][2]
  • Specific protocol 2: Tris-EDTA buffer [3]

Protease treatment

  • Specific protocol 1: proteinase K [4]
  • Specific protocol 2: trypsin [5]

Detergent treatment

  • Specific protocol: SDS [6]

Personal and lab-specific protocols

  • Korey Griffin's notes:

See also

External links

Commercial antigen retrieval kits:

Personal tools