Ampicillin

From OpenWetWare

(Difference between revisions)
Jump to: navigation, search
(Usage Notes)
m (Nice image! some minor formatting changes)
Line 3: Line 3:
==Mechanism of Resistance==
==Mechanism of Resistance==
 +
Expression of [[β-lactamase]] neutralizes ampicillin.  When this enzyme is expressed on a high-copy number plasmid there is significant diffusion into the extracellular medium.  As a result non-resistant satellite colonies may form around larger resistant colonies.
Expression of [[β-lactamase]] neutralizes ampicillin.  When this enzyme is expressed on a high-copy number plasmid there is significant diffusion into the extracellular medium.  As a result non-resistant satellite colonies may form around larger resistant colonies.
 +
[[Image:Amp2.jpg|thumb|300px|left|Satellite colonies on an Ampicillin plate]]
 +
<br style="clear:both" />
-
(would be nice to have a picture of this here)
 
==Usage Notes==
==Usage Notes==
Line 12: Line 14:
The authors reccommend not allowing cultures to reach stationary phase if you need a high proportion of cells to contain your plasmid.
The authors reccommend not allowing cultures to reach stationary phase if you need a high proportion of cells to contain your plasmid.
-
[[Image:Amp2.jpg]]
+
 
==References==
==References==
Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual, Vol 1.
Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual, Vol 1.

Revision as of 17:30, 3 November 2005

Contents

Mode of Action

Inhibits the formation of cross-links in the peptidoglycan layer (which prvides rigidity to the cell wall). Most effctive against cells in log phase growth (since this is when new cross-links are being formed), and has little effect on cells in stationary phase.

Mechanism of Resistance

Expression of β-lactamase neutralizes ampicillin. When this enzyme is expressed on a high-copy number plasmid there is significant diffusion into the extracellular medium. As a result non-resistant satellite colonies may form around larger resistant colonies.

Satellite colonies on an Ampicillin plate
Satellite colonies on an Ampicillin plate



Usage Notes

A 1990 paper by Bill Studier discusses how the secreted β-lactamase can quickly consume all the ampicillin in a culture (even at 20μg/ml Amp). A stationary culture of ampicillin resistant cells can have such a concentration of β-lactamase that even a 1/200 to 1/1000 dilution will still contain enough β-lactamase to consume all the fresh ampicillin before all the non-resistant cells from the stationary phase culture have been killed.

The authors reccommend not allowing cultures to reach stationary phase if you need a high proportion of cells to contain your plasmid.


References

Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual, Vol 1.

Personal tools