20.109(S14): TA notes for module 1

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(General notes)
(Day 1)
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*Before aliquoting out the cloacal samples, thaw the samples for ~4h at 4°C, and then vortex each cryovial for 2 min.  
*Before aliquoting out the cloacal samples, thaw the samples for ~4h at 4°C, and then vortex each cryovial for 2 min.  
*Bird samples! At 100 μL each in a '''2 mL''' tube
*Bird samples! At 100 μL each in a '''2 mL''' tube
-
**Use filter pipet tip to transfer and store at -80 °C -- consult Agi about which samples to prepare
+
**Use filter pipet tip to transfer and store at -80 °C -- consult instructor about which samples to prepare.
-
*Aliquots of components from QiaAMP stool kit (see GoogleDoc)
+
*Aliquots of components from QiaAMP stool kit (see Excel doc)
**Do NOT put out ethanol until after everyone is at the incubation step; we don't want them to accidentally add it too early
**Do NOT put out ethanol until after everyone is at the incubation step; we don't want them to accidentally add it too early
**Some aliquots may be approximate (use your judgment). For example, it will be easier to pipet approximately 0.5 mL into each tube using a serological pipet than to pipet exactly 0.46 mL eight times per day, times several reagents!
**Some aliquots may be approximate (use your judgment). For example, it will be easier to pipet approximately 0.5 mL into each tube using a serological pipet than to pipet exactly 0.46 mL eight times per day, times several reagents!

Revision as of 13:18, 18 June 2014

20.109(S14): Laboratory Fundamentals of Biological Engineering

Home        Schedule Spring 2014        Assignments       
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Contents

General notes

These TA notes need a fair bit of revision/fleshing out… in progress. I also need to figure out the quiz dates.

See also Dropbox Excel sheet for aliquoting amounts.

Scheme: Class-wide, students will test 8-10 fecal samples in replicate, in order to get enough sequencing data for establishing phylogenetic trees. Last year, the two partners in each team prepared different samples, but that created some workflow issues later in the module; this year we will have them prepare duplicates of the same sample.

Key preparation:

  • Pre-run entire bird gut microbiota experiment with 1-2 cloacal samples, to become familiar with each experiment.
  • Pre-test DNA extraction from all 8-10 samples (just through PCR and gel test). During S13 one sample consistently failed.
  • Try the primer design day (microsporidia experiment) to be able to answer questions about that experiment also.
  • If the majority of samples fail to amplify, the problem is most likely at the PCR stage. Try using all new reagents &/or adjusting [BSA].
  • While you read the wiki, test each link, and make any link descriptions bold that are not already.
  • As you read the protocols, add reagent calculations to the Dropbox Excel sheet as needed.

Towards S15 notes:

  • Cloning troubleshooting
    • The S13 cloning kit yielded many colonies with failed sequencing. In some cases just F-seq or R-seq worked, and a close look indicated that the vector was inexplicably cutting part of itself out and then religating.
    • The S14 kit yielded better sequencing runs, but just as many failed clones – this time in a different way. Many recovered inserts appeared to be primer dimers.
    • The first option to test is including gel purification, though this addition will make lab timing tight. But if it's a simple fix to close to 100% recovery…
    • The other point to keep in mind is that the initial DNA recovery is low, despite attempts to optimize time/temp/enzymes in original pilots. Often the final PCR yield is quite high, but it is also quite variable across samples.
    • Thus, it's important that the TA checks all samples through the extraction stage, and a few through the sequencing stage.
      • Looking back at S14 pilots, it turned out that fecal samples were the ones pre-tested through the sequencing stage, whereas cloacal samples were used during class.

Day-by-day

Day 1

Materials required:

  • Before aliquoting out the cloacal samples, thaw the samples for ~4h at 4°C, and then vortex each cryovial for 2 min.
  • Bird samples! At 100 μL each in a 2 mL tube
    • Use filter pipet tip to transfer and store at -80 °C -- consult instructor about which samples to prepare.
  • Aliquots of components from QiaAMP stool kit (see Excel doc)
    • Do NOT put out ethanol until after everyone is at the incubation step; we don't want them to accidentally add it too early
    • Some aliquots may be approximate (use your judgment). For example, it will be easier to pipet approximately 0.5 mL into each tube using a serological pipet than to pipet exactly 0.46 mL eight times per day, times several reagents!
    • ASL and AL must be aliquoted the day of lab (see below)
  • InhibiTEX tablets should be singly available -- pre-cut around them; otherwise it is too easy to push out two instead of one

Day of Lab (R/F):

  • Thaw that day's 100 μL samples in the fridge starting just before lecture. -Agi will do
  • Place 4 ice buckets around the room (between pairs) for keeping samples chilled at first.
  • Place chitinase aliquots on ice.
  • Before lab, move samples to the ice bucket nearest the pair that will be using those particular samples (see table on Talk page, ready shortly).
  • Place bags of fresh 2 mL tubes, 1.7 mL tubes, Qiagen spin columns, tablets, and column tubes at the front.
  • Place Part 1 aliquoted reagents on the front bench. Leave the Part 2 aliquots at the TA bench for now.
  • Check ASL and AL for precipitates; pre-heat at about 40-50 °C in the water bath at the TA bench
  • Place an eppendorf tube rack in the 56 °C oven to warm it up.
  • Set up the heat block at the front bench. Fill tube slots with water and set at 70 °C. Ensure the heating block can accommodate 2 mL tubes.
  • Arrange the groups that take their samples out of the 56 ° at the same time to spin their samples together.
  • Either set up second heat block at 56 °C or turn on the small oven (may be easiest). -Agi will do
  • If the fumehood gets crowded at the end of the lab, while the students are disposing of their Qiagen flow-throughs, you can give the students 50 mL falcon tubes and a spray bottle to dispose the waste. Then dump into the appropriate Qiagen waste container.


After Lab:

  • Store extraction samples at -20 °C until next time

How it went:

Day 2

Materials required:

  • None :)

Day of Lab (T/W):

How it went:

Day 3

Materials required:

  • Their D2 extractions
  • PCR components aliquoted (except polymerase) - per two teams sharing, 6 rxns + 30% per component should be reasonable
  • 1000 uL, 200 uL, & 20 uL filter tips, 1 box/2 teams

Day of Lab (R/F):

  • Agi will take care of polymerase aliquots: 1-2 big aliquots to share, and students will come up to the front bench when they are ready
  • Place the cryo-racks for each group on their bench right before they begin the lab.
  • Place a "finished" cryo-rack beside the PCR machine for students to place their finished PCR cocktails. Remind them to place their tubes at the center because the edges warm up quickly.

After Lab:

  • Remove PCR samples and store at -20

How it went:

Day 4

Materials required:

  • Each students 16s DNA from Day 3
  • Gel electrophoresis equipment
  • 1.5% agarose gels
  • 1kb DNA ladder
  • 6X loading dye
  • Aliquots for ligation mixtures (vector, T4 buffer, T4 DNA ligase, & MBG H2O)
  • LB (aliquots for transformation)
  • LB-KAN plates
  • Test-tubes for students to fill with LB-KAN
  • LB (25 mL aliquots)
  • Kanamycin aliquots
  • 1.5 mL eppendorf tubes at front bench.
  • Add isopropanol to the alcohol burners
  • Ensure ethanol jars are filled
  • Glass spreaders

Day of Lab (R/F):

  • Make 1.5% agarose gels (1 gel/4 teams)
  • Fill heat block with water and set to 42C
  • Place the LB aliquots at 37 C to warm them up.
  • Place an ice bucket for each team containing the ligation reagents, DNA samples + Kanamycin.
  • Keep competent cells at -80C... when students need them, they can come take them out?


After Lab:

How it went:

Day 5

Materials required:

Day of Lab (T/W):

After Lab:

How it went:

Day 6

Day of Lab (R/F):

  • Help prepare journal club room (16-336) in advance.
  • Feel free to participate in Q&A sessions of the talks.

Day 7

Materials required:

Day of Lab (T/W):

After Lab:

How it went:

Day 8

Day of Lab (R/F):

  • Help prepare journal club room (16-336) in advance.
  • Feel free to participate in Q&A sessions of the talks.
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